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ballet dancer essay Digital Media for j'essaie meaning, the Artist. “Am I thin enough?” is a question all dancers ask themselves at some point, if not every day. Joseph! Eating disorders affect thousands of people throughout the world, and for young female ballet dancers, it is a growing issue and an obsession that has become quite serious in the last decade. Because dancers are molded into thinking that the meaning only way to with person essay succeed with their dream is to be very thin, they are willing to risk their physical and mental health to have a certain desired physique. Ballet is a “highly competitive, high-pressure and physically demanding profession” that many young girls choose to devote their lives to. For most dancers, there is an ideal body type for women, which involves tall, slender bodies with long necks, long legs and short torsos. The pressure to have the “perfect” body in order to get and/or keep professional jobs or certain roles is j'essaie meaning very stressful, especially for girls that maybe don’t have a very thin body naturally.
Various nutritionist and joseph essay therapist have studied the issue, attempting to figure out why this problem is rising and what they can do to j'essaie help. Despite these efforts, however, eating disorders in ballet remain extremely difficult to treat and understand, especially for non-dancers. I chose to do my final project on the topic of eating disorders because I have been around friends with eating disorders my entire life. I have seen not only how serious an issue like this can be, but also how common it is, especially at a ballet school like UNCSA. Although I will never accept an eating disorder to be necessary for my own personal success as well as others’, I understand why they happen.
Because we are expected to be presentable on stage, it is important to not be over weight. Having to deal with criticism from the an older person essay audience and meaning peers can sometimes be too harsh, causing girls to mentally collapse into thinking they need to lose weight. Ballet dancers also have to wear a strict uniform during class that is very form fitting. It consists of leadership a black leotard and pink tights. This exposure makes body types more obvious, especially when these dancers take class in front of j'essaie a mirror all day. I hate the fact that there is a certain standard set for ballet dancers.
I think many would agree that seeing an resume of mcse unhealthy looking dancer on stage is not enjoyable to watch. However, if they are over weight, dancers get criticized. Society is a big part of this rising problem. For example, Jenifer Ringer, a dancer with the New York City Ballet, was singled out by critic Alastair Macaulay after he attended a Nov. 28 performance of the Nutcracker. J'essaie! “Jenifer Ringer, as the essay Sugar Plum Fairy, looked as if she’d eaten one sugar plum too many,” Macaulay wrote in a review published in The Times three days later.
What even makes the issue worse, is meaning Ringer had struggled with anorexia a few years back, so she was very sensitive about the subject. Macaulay commented, “The body in ballet becomes a subject of the keenest observation and the most intense discussion. I am severe — but ballet, as dancers know, is more so.” Ringer has a beautiful body, so it really bothered me as well as many other dancers to see her image criticized. After much research over joseph stalin essay, the relationship between ballet and eating disorders, I was shocked to find that ballerinas actually used to j'essaie meaning be “plump” by modern standards. In the 1890s, Russian ballerina, Anna Pavlova, was even once criticized for being too thin.
Because she was considered to have long and thin legs and arms, she was nicknamed the broom by fellow students. But during this last century, society’s views and opinions have changed, and the demand for “a streamlined athleticism” has increased on stage. Ballet choreographer, George Balanchine, even used to tell his dancers he must see the research paper students bones in their chest, which is a difficult goal to achieve when even eating healthy. Because of comments like this, dancers’ confidence and meaning physical health diminish while trying to “fulfill an resume of mcse impossible deal”. There are two major eating disorders that dominate the ballet world- Anorexia and meaning Bulimia. According to Wikipedia, Anorexia nervosa is “an eating disorder characterized by help level, excessive food restriction and fear, irrational fear of gaining weight, and j'essaie a distorted body self-perception”. Interview With Person! I have never really considered how big of an j'essaie meaning issue this disease is an older before researching it as my chosen topic.
I was amazed to find that anorexia is the j'essaie third most common chronic illness among adolescents, and paper outline students 20% of people suffering from anorexia will prematurely die from complications related to their eating disorder, including suicide and heart problems. It didn’t surprise me to j'essaie find that female athletes in aesthetic sports (e.g. gymnastics, ballet, figure skating) found to be at the highest risk for eating disorders. The psychological profiles of these athletes suffering from the film, anorexia had certain factors in common: “perfectionism, high self-expectations, competitiveness, hyperactivity, repetitive exercise routines, compulsiveness, drive, tendency toward depression, body image distortion, pre-occupation with dieting and weight.” Bulimia nervosa is another type of eating disorder characterized by binge- eating and then followed with forms of purging that makes up for the binge (vomiting, use of j'essaie laxatives, fasting, exercise). It was interesting to find that people with bulimia can fall within the normal range for their age and weight, unlike individuals struggling with anorexia. Leadership Essay! They do however share the j'essaie meaning same fear of gaining weight and paper outline students are intensely unhappy with their body size and shape. J'essaie! With this disease comes many physical conditions resulting from the english level purging, including “electrolyte imbalances, gastrointestinal problems, and meaning oral and tooth-related problems.” Surprisingly there are websites out there that encourage these kinds of eating disorders.
In the late 1990s, various online groups began to develop known as Pro-Ana, Pro-Mia and Pro-ED, which are short for essay, Pro-Anorexia, Pro-Bulimia and Pro-Eating Disorders. These groups believe eating disorders should be encouraged, and j'essaie users are motivated to lose weight. Some initially appear friendly, but they have the gladiator essay ability to make one believe that these kinds of eating disorders propose no threat to one’s health. They promote eating disorders by sharing the idea that everyone in the community has one or should have a disorder. It sometimes might be difficult to find these site because many are disguised as positive sites where people help each other lose weight. They believe in “thinspiration,” while giving tips and tricks to lose weight. Some characteristics of these sites involve glamorized images of thin women, implications that food is the meaning enemy, and attempting to with an older hide the negatives of meaning such an unhealthy disorder.
This kind of information has the ability to english negatively influence innocent website users, like children and teenagers. Eating disorders will always be present in the ballet world if we as a society continue to believe ballerinas should be skinny in order to be successful. Although this pressure to be perfect for female athletes is hard to ignore, suffering from an eating disorder can actually lower one’s level of performance due to lack of energy or other health issues. The body is a dancer’s instrument, so if it is not fueled properly, it will not perform to the best of its ability. Although the “perfect” body might be achieved with an eating disorder, these two diseases cause too many serious issues that one will have to struggle with for j'essaie meaning, a lifetime. No matter what society expects from research paper outline, a ballerina on j'essaie, stage, the natural athleticism and physical beauty should not be risked in order to achieve a certain standard. Resume Of Mcse! I find it quite ironic that in Africa and j'essaie other third world countries hunger is a very serious issue, but yet in America being unnaturally thin is something we strive for.
It will never make sense to me, which is one reason I believe we should promote healthy eating habits and focus on loving our body no matter its shape or size.
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Gospel Topics Essay: Translation and Historicity of the Book of Abraham. Note: The Mormon Church began publishing essays on a variety of historical and doctrinal issues. To see an overview of the articles, you can go here: Gospel Topic Essays: Fixing History? In this review of an article titled “Translation and Historicity of the meaning, Book of Abraham: A Gospel Topics Essay,” the entire article will be cited (all underlined), with my comments throughout. Here is the 5-part Viewpoint on Mormonism series broadcast during the week of December 1, 2014: The Church of Jesus Christ of english level, Latter-day Saints embraces the j'essaie, book of Abraham as scripture. Before we go any further, I must comment on help level, the word embraces . How can the Mormon Church leaders “embrace” the Book of Abraham? After all, this book in the LDS canon is perhaps the biggest reason church members leave Mormonism. There is plenty of evidence to show the Book of j'essaie meaning, Abraham is fraudulent, a false bill of sales, an invitation to join a Ponzi scheme, and gladiator essay so much worse. If the church “embraces” this book, then we must wonder why so very little has been said about it at General Conferences held since the meaning, 1970s. Rather, I believe this part of LDS scripture is an embarrassment to the church, so don’t be fooled by this statement.
As far as the reference to the “ book” of Abraham, I’m not sure why the with person essay, small letter “b” is used. The “Book” of Mormon is meaning, always capitalized. And although many sources on english, lds.org don’t capitalize the j'essaie meaning, word “book,” others do. (For example, see here.) It is also capitalized in the explanatory note preceding the book in the LDS canon (“ A Translation of some ancient Records that have fallen into our hands from the catacombs of Egypt. The writings of Abraham while he was in Egypt, called the Book of Abraham, written by his own hand, upon papyrus.”) The media traditionally capitalize it (i.e. see here and here). English Coursework Help! Even LDS apologists capitalize it. No explanation is given for j'essaie meaning, making it lowercased, but in on exhibition of books, this article, I will retain the traditional capitalized “Book” of Abraham and leave the underlined portions intact. This book, a record of the biblical prophet and patriarch Abraham, recounts how Abraham sought the blessings of the priesthood, rejected the idolatry of his father, covenanted with Jehovah, married Sarai, moved to Canaan and Egypt, and received knowledge about the meaning, Creation. The book of Abraham largely follows the joseph stalin leadership, biblical narrative but adds important information regarding Abraham’s life and meaning teachings. This isn’t the first time where a church publication lifted the Book of Abraham to a lofty position.
A church manual boasts: The book of Abraham is an evidence of the inspired calling of the with an older person essay, Prophet Joseph Smith. It came forth at a time when the study of the ancient Egyptian language and culture was just beginning. The scholars of the 1800s had scarcely begun to explore the field of Egyptology, and yet, with no formal training in ancient languages and no knowledge of ancient Egypt (except his work with the Book of Mormon), Joseph Smith began his translation of the ancient manuscripts. His knowledge and j'essaie ability came through the power and joseph essay gift of God, together with his own determination and faith. J'essaie! ( Pearl of Great Price Student Manual Religion 327 , 2000, p. 29). Another one states:
In 1967 eleven fragments of the Joseph Smith papyri were rediscovered by Doctor Aziz S. Atiya, in the New York Metropolitan Museum of Art. Studies of them have confirmed that they are mainly ancient Egyptian funerary texts of the sort commonly buried with royalty and the film nobility and designed to guide them through their eternal journeyings. This has renewed the question about the connection between the records and the book of meaning, Abraham. Joseph Smith did not explain the method of research students, translating the book of j'essaie, Abraham, just as he did not explain fully how the Book of Mormon was translated. Nevertheless, like the Book of Mormon, the book of Abraham is its own evidence that it came about through the gift and power of God ( Church History in the Fulness of resume of mcse, Times: Religion 341-43 , p. 258). According to these manuals, Smith was inspired. Even though these are mainly Egyptian funerary texts and not writings from the patriarch Abraham, the reader is supposed to believe that “the book of Abraham is its own evidence that it came about j'essaie meaning, through the gift and power of God.” So what do we do with the the film, Book of Abraham? There are only two possibilities: 1) Joseph Smith really did receive authentic papyri that contained the writings of Abraham. 2) Joseph Smith really never had papyri with writings of Abraham.
For the sake of argument, let’s assume the first possibility is correct and Smith did receive authentic papyri filled with the words of Abraham. If this is the case, then we still have two more possibilities: 1) Joseph Smith really did know how to translate these Egyptian hieroglyphics and put them into English, which we have today and j'essaie found in the Book of Abraham. 2) Joseph Smith really did not know how to translate these Egyptian hieroglyphics. If Joseph Smith never had papyri with writings of Abraham, we are left with three possibilities. Joseph Smith was. As the Gospel Topics essay explains, the Mormon Church continues to “embrace the book of Abraham as scripture.” In other words, a person must have faith that this book is authentic (#1 in the first scenario) and research paper translatable by the hand of Joseph Smith (#1 in the second scenario).
If the second possibility in either scenario is correct, then the Book of meaning, Abraham is not what it is touted to english level, be by LDS Church leaders. The book of Abraham was first published in 1842 and was canonized as part of the Pearl of Great Price in 1880. The book originated with Egyptian papyri that Joseph Smith translated beginning in 1835. Many people saw the papyri, but no eyewitness account of the translation survives, making it impossible to reconstruct the process. Only small fragments of the long papyrus scrolls once in Joseph Smith’s possession exist today. The relationship between those fragments and the text we have today is j'essaie meaning, largely a matter of conjecture. Let’s provide a little background.
In July 1835 Joseph Smith met a traveling showman by the name of Michael H. Chandler who was displaying four Egyptian mummies in Kirtland, Ohio. Along with the mummies, Chandler possessed two rolls of papyri that contained a number of hieroglyphics, which he sold to interview with an older person, the Mormons for $2,400. Meaning! The next day, Smith proclaimed that the manuscripts were actually written by none other than two Old Testament patriarchs: I commenced the translation of some of the characters or hieroglyphics, and paper outline for elementary students much to our joy found that one of the j'essaie, rolls contained the stalin, writings of Abraham, another the writings of Joseph of Egypt, etc. ( History of the Church, 2:235–36.) To stumble on such an incredible find was, in itself, an amazing stroke of what Mormons would view as divine providence. Imagine for a moment what a discovery this would be if, in fact, Smith had really come across the writings of Abraham and Joseph. They would be priceless, predating the Book of Genesis by about five hundred years. If, as some LDS leaders believed, the Book of Abraham was actually written by the patriarch himself, they would be the only autograph manuscripts of biblical personalities currently available. Meaning! For example, President Wilford Woodruff said,
The Lord is Blessing Joseph with Power to essay, reveal mysteries of the kingdom of God; to translate through the urim and Thummim Ancient records Hyeroglyphics as old as Abraham or Adam. . . . Joseph the Seer has presented us some of the Book of meaning, Abraham which was written by his own hand but hid from the knowledged of man for the last four thousand years. . . . Level! (Susan Staker, ed., Waiting for World’s End: The Diaries of Wilford Woodruff (Salt Lake City, Utah: Signature Books, 1993), 50-51. Ellipsis and spelling in original. For more information on j'essaie meaning, this topic, see here.) Of the two papyri, Smith chose to focus on the one he claimed was written by the patriarch Abraham, who, according to coursework level, the text, supposedly held the priesthood well before it was even formulated by meaning God in the days of the Levites. In 1842 the Mormon periodical Times and with essay Seasons printed everything that Smith was able to translate until that time. These were the 1 March, 15 March, and 16 May 1842 issues of the Times and Seasons.
Circumstances would prohibit him from “translating” the rest of the Book of meaning, Abraham papyrus or the other papyrus that he called the Book of Joseph. In 1851 Smith’s uncompleted translation was published as a part of the Pearl of Great Price . This was canonized in 1880, thus elevating the Book of Abraham to the film gladiator essay, the level of LDS scripture. One of the major doctrines emanating from the Book of Abraham is the meaning, “curse of Cain.” Abraham 1:21-26 states, Now this king of Egypt was a descendant from the an older essay, loins of Ham, and was a partaker of the blood of the Canaanites by birth. From this descent sprang all the Egyptians, and thus the blood of the Canaanites was preserved in meaning, the land. The land of Egypt being first discovered by a woman, who was the daughter of Ham, and the daughter of Egyptus, which in the Chaldean signifies Egypt, which signifies that which is forbidden; When this woman discovered the land it was under water, who afterward settled her sons in it; and thus, from Ham, sprang that race which preserved the curse in the land. Now the the film, first government of Egypt was established by Pharaoh, the eldest son of Egyptus, the daughter of Ham, and it was after the manner of the government of Ham, which was patriarchal. Pharaoh, being a righteous man, established his kingdom and judged his people wisely and justly all his days, seeking earnestly to imitate that order established by the fathers in the first generations, in meaning, the days of the first patriarchal reign, even in the reign of Adam, and also of Noah, his father, who blessed him with the blessings of the earth, and with the blessings of wisdom, but cursed him as pertaining to essay on exhibition of books, the Priesthood. Smith used this passage in 1836 to claim that those with African heritage had inherited this “curse,” the impetus for the later ban of j'essaie meaning, Blacks from the research for elementary, LDS priesthood. It wasn’t until 1978 when this stringent ban was lifted. Today, however, no changes have been made to this portion of LDS scripture and the entire book remains in the standard works canon.
In 1966, eleven pieces of Smith’s original papyri were discovered in the Metropolitan Museum in New York, which were later turned over to the LDS Church. This discovery would be a major blow to the idea that the Book of Abraham should be considered authentic scripture from the j'essaie, patriarch. Thus, the Gospel Topics essay says that ““only small fragments of the long papyrus scrolls once in Joseph Smith’s possession exist today” and that there is the film gladiator, a large segment of the scroll now missing. Such an assertion is simply not true. J'essaie Meaning! Egyptologists have said that, if anything is coursework, missing, it is a minute fraction. When Smith’s “translation” of the j'essaie meaning, Egyptian hieroglyphics is considered, we can see that he had no clue as to what he was doing. For instance, he took one backwards E letter—which, in the Egyptian, was part of a series of letters that mean “pool”—and turned this letter into 73 words (Abraham 1:13-14). In fact, this practice was common throughout his “translation.” Charles Larson states, On some occasions Joseph Smith separated a single Egyptian word to derive characters for his “translation,” while at other times he combined more than one Egyptian word into a single set of characters. In all cases his translation attributes a far more complex explanation to the Egyptian letters and words of Papyrus Joseph Smith XI than do professional Egyptologists, and research paper outline students Smith ascribes meanings to words which are totally unrelated to their actual denotation. Thus, Joseph Smith’s “translation” is completely incorrect in j'essaie meaning, both method and content. ( By His Own Hand Upon Papyrus , 96)
The content of the writing is not even close to what Smith “translates,” a fact offered by David Persuitte: Papyrus No. XI and its associated pieces were actually a version of with, what is called the Egyptian “Book of Breathings,” or a “Breathing Permit.” The papyri upon which it is found are sometimes called “Sen-Sen” papyri because of the Egyptian word for “breathing,” which occurs frequently in the text. The Book of Breathings represents an attempt by the Egyptians to consolidate those elements of j'essaie, their beliefs that were essential parts of their funeral rites. It was, in short, a sort of talisman that was buried with the dead to assure their well-being in the afterlife. ( Joseph Smith and the Origins of the Book of Mormon , 292). According to Dr. Robert Ritner from the University of paper, Chicago, the Book of Breathings is, for all intents and j'essaie meaning purposes, intact; there are no substantial missing pieces. He stated, Assuming no reason that this particular Book of Breathings scroll must be expanded much beyond the surviving length, I have now read the entire document from the beginning to the end and joseph essay have made up what one could make out on the poor copy of the final vignette.
The most that is missing from this text is simply two columns of Egyptian hieratic and possibly a small vignette, but other than that there would be nothing more that would inflate its current length other than its current size. It is both unprecedented and unreasonable to assume that an intrusive text about a completely different matter, a narrative history about Abraham and his descendants, would have been inserted into a document whose beginning, middle, and end is devoted specifically to j'essaie, the resurrection of an Egyptian priest. It would disrupt the document and have nothing to do with this content. On Exhibition! ( The Lost Book of Abraham , quoted at 40 minutes) I’ll quote Dr. Ritner elsewhere in this paper, as he is an Egyptologist who is most willing to talk about this specific Book of Abraham issue. J'essaie! As a scholar, he is not very impressed with the scholarship of the Mormon community, and the film the Gospel Topics essay did not convince him that the meaning, Book of Abraham is the film, authentic. Meaning! In a review of the essay called “A Response to ‘Translation and Historicity of the Book of Abraham,'” Dr. Ritner wrote: The recent web posting on the Book of Abraham by The Church of english, Jesus Christ of Latter- Day Saints (hereafter the j'essaie meaning, LDS church) represents new reflection on english coursework help, a document whose authenticity as verifiable history is now officially acknowledged to be in serious dispute. Thus the position paper concludes with a concession by noting (unnamed) modern scholarly opposition to the Book of j'essaie, Abraham, followed by a defense against any such scholarly debate: “The veracity and value of the book of Abraham cannot be settled by scholarly debate concerning the book’s translation and historicity.” Rather, the truth of the book is sought in help level, ways that cannot be verified externally, relying exclusively upon traditional faith: “a careful study of its teachings, sincere prayer, and the confirmation of the Spirit.”
Such a declaration may seem reasonable to those already predisposed to accept it, but on j'essaie, closer reading, the LDS church posting suggests discomfort with its own conclusions and reasoning. Joseph Essay! Not a single opposing scholar is mentioned by name, nor are their reasons for rejecting the Book of Abraham. Yet the j'essaie, LDS paper attempts to engage in scholarly debate from a one-sided position, repeatedly citing in resume of mcse, the footnotes the j'essaie, same limited set of apologists who are primarily church employees at BYU in Provo. Joseph Essay! The significance of these apologetic publications will be discussed below. If scholarly dispute over translation and historicity is j'essaie, ultimately irrelevant, why bother to resume of mcse, devote extended paragraphs to rebuttals of unmentioned objections on “Translation and j'essaie meaning the Book of Abraham,” “The Papyri,” and “The Book of Abraham and the Ancient World”? According to Dr. Ritner, the “works cited” for this paper is not much different from the LDS scholars who have been attempting to defend their scripture over the years. Gladiator! This makes sense because, most likely, these same scholars are the ones who probably wrote the unattributed Gospel Topics essay in meaning, the first place! These Mormon scholars have created a number of essay on exhibition, theories have been proposed over j'essaie meaning the years to essay, prop up the efficacy of the Book of Abraham. Meaning! In fact, consider the “Hidden Meaning” theory, the “Mnemonic Device” theory, the “Any Egyptian Connection” theory, the resume of mcse, “Scribes Did It” theory, the “Missing Black and Red Scroll” theory, the j'essaie, “Mistaken Identity” theory, the “Catalyst” Theory, and the “Nobody Really Understands Egyptian Anyway” theory. Some of these “theories” are as far-fetched as Bigfoot eating the Loch Ness Monster.
Not one of these theories has been able to paper outline students, hold up when the evidence is considered. (See chapter 11 (“The Intellectual Approaches”) in j'essaie meaning, By His Own Hand Upon Papyru s by Charles Larson for explanations of each theory.) Instead of focusing on missing pieces of the Book of resume of mcse, Abraham (for which there is little evidence), perhaps LDS scholars and apologists should be dealing with the problems caused by what we is available. Absolutely nothing that we have today provides any support for Smith’s LDS scripture. We do know some things about the translation process. The word translation typically assumes an j'essaie meaning expert knowledge of multiple languages. Joseph Smith claimed no expertise in any language. He readily acknowledged that he was one of the resume of mcse, “weak things of the world,” called to speak words sent “from heaven.” Speaking of the meaning, translation of the Book of Mormon, the Lord said, “You cannot write that which is sacred save it be given you from me.” The same principle can be applied to the book of Abraham. The Lord did not require Joseph Smith to have knowledge of Egyptian. By the gift and power of God, Joseph received knowledge about the paper outline for elementary, life and teachings of Abraham. The LDS article explains how “Smith claimed no expertise in any language,” including Egyptian. By making this admission, the argument maintains that Smith must have been given divine revelation to make his Book of Abraham translation.
After all, he had previously done this a few years before with the “reformed Egyptian” text of the Book of Mormon, which he claimed he did “by the gift and j'essaie power of God.” And voila, here are the same words being used in this essay to english coursework help, show how his divine inspiration (rather than his understanding of Egyptian hieroglyphics) allowing him to make his translation of the Book of Abraham. J'essaie Meaning! Is this a coincidence? Hardly. Comparing the Book of Mormon to the Book of Abraham, Christian author H. Michael Marquardt states: Only part of the original 1829 manuscript of the Book of Mormon pages of the dictated text is extent. We do not have the gold plates to an older essay, determine how accurate Joseph Smith’s dictation from the Egyptian was. But we do have the Egyptian papyri, Joseph Smith’s Egyptian Alphabet, and j'essaie meaning the Book of with an older person, Abraham Translation Manuscripts. These later manuscripts together with Joseph Smith’s journal and knowing when his scribes worked with him all place the dictation process in the last half of 1835.
With all of this historical background we have enough information to examine Joseph Smith’s competence with the ancient Egyptian language. ( The Rise of Mormonism: 1816-1844 , 407.) Let’s consider how the LDS prophet was able to j'essaie meaning, get away with this ploy. In Smith’s day few people could have been considered experts in the field of Egyptology. The famous Rosetta Stone, currently on display at the British Museum in London, was discovered accidentally in 1799 by Napoleon’s troops in Egypt. A number of scholars worked for years to decipher the stone, which contained hieroglyphic Egyptian, demotic Egyptian, and essay Greek characters. Finally, Jean Francois Champollion announced his results in 1822. J'essaie Meaning! Yet getting this information communicated to a general population would take many years before the Information Age took place.
As Dr. Ritner explains: In the 1840s in the United States, the ancient Egyptian language was virtually unknown. It had only been to be deciphered in 1822 and an older person that knowledge simply had not crossed the Atlantic. So any interpretation given to j'essaie meaning, an Egyptian document in research paper outline for elementary students, 1842 or 45 or 50 or even 1860 would have been believable to a general audience. We would have no way of comparing it with the actual truth ( The Lost Book of Abraham, 14 minutes in) By 1861, T. Deveria had noted a series of meaning, anachronisms and absurdities in the supposed translations and woodcut vignettes, and in 1912 a solicitation for joseph leadership, professional opinions on the matter drew uniformly derisive assessments from A. H. Sayce, W. M. J'essaie! F. Petrie, J. H. Breasted, A. C. Mace, J. Peters, S. A. B. Mercer, E. Meyer, and F. W. von Bissing Dr. Ritner did an resume of mcse extended study on the different papyri that were discovered in 1967. As far as Facsmilies 1 and 2, he writes: Comparison of the surviving initial vignette of the Hor papyrus with Facsimile 1 proves beyond doubt, as the LDS web post agrees, that it was “the vignette that became facsimile 1.” However, neither Facsimile 1 nor 2 is a true copy, and both contain added forgeries, including the human-head and knife of the meaning, supposed “idolatrous priest of joseph leadership, Elkenah” (Fig. 3 on meaning, Facsimile 1) as can be seen in the crude pencil additions to the original papyrus sheet as mounted and “improved” for publication by the LDS church in 1842.
NOTE: Go here to see an excellent portrayal of Facsimiles 1-3 by Infographics. In a video, he explained, What this document really is is an extended prayer on behalf of a deceased Egyptian priest, which begins with an invocation to the god of coursework level, mummification, probably, certainly with a picture of the god of mummification, to ensure the priest’s continued existence into the next world, and then it’s followed by a series of statements where “Oh deified Horus, may you walk as you head down in life, may your ears function, may your eyes function, may the gods receive you.” Long series of invocations on this, essentially assuring that this dead priest is able to function in death as he had in life, but now as part of a company of the ancient Egyptian gods. Abraham is not mentioned once. ( The Lost Book of Abraham video, 38 minutes in) Smith’s papyrus was both torn and attached to a backing that held it in j'essaie meaning, place. On the backing someone, possibly Smith, filled in areas that were missing. An examination of Joseph Smith’s Facsimile No. 1 exposes a number of discrepancies between Smith’s interpretation and that of modern Egyptologists. Smith claimed that the facsimile portrays Abraham lying on essay on exhibition of books, an altar. Standing next to j'essaie meaning, him is the idolatrous priest Elkanah who holds a knife in his hand.
Smith claimed that Elkanah was attempting to offer Abraham as a sacrifice. Below the altar are figures that Smith describes as idolatrous gods. Essay! Smith named a bird that hovers above the head of Abraham as the angel of the Lord. Richard A. Parker, once the chairman of the department of Egyptology at Brown University, disagreed with Smith’s assessment. He claimed: This is a well-known scene from the Osiris mysteries, with Anubis, the jackal-headed god, on the left ministering to the dead Osiris on j'essaie meaning, the bier. The pencilled(?) restoration is incorrect. Leadership Essay! Anubis should be jackal-headed. The left arm of Osiris is in reality lying at his side under him.
The apparent upper hand is part of the j'essaie, wing of a second bird which is hovering over the erect phallus of Osiris (now broken away). The second bird is Isis and she is magically impregnated by the dead Osiris and then later gives birth to Horus who avenges his father and takes over his inheritance. The complete bird represents Nephthys, sister to Osiris and Isis. Beneath the bier are the leadership essay, four canopic jars with heads representative of the four sons of Horus, human-headed Imseti, baboon-headed Hapy, jackal-headed Duamutef and j'essaie meaning falcon-headed Kebehsenuf. (Richard A. Parker, “The Joseph Smith Papyri: A Preliminary Report,” Dialogue 3, no. 2 (summer 1968): 86.) For a comparison of Joseph Smith’s interpretation of Facsimile 1 compared to what it really was, click here. Other problems develop when Facsimile No. Interview An Older! 2 is j'essaie meaning, considered. This circular drawing supposedly verified the LDS teaching that God lives near a planet called Kolob. Smith also claimed it gave reference to resume of mcse, “grand Key-words of the Priesthood.” (Explanation of figure seven opposite Facsimile No. 2.) Key words are an essential part of the LDS temple ceremony.
Speaking specifically about Facsmilie 2, Dr. Ritner states, Facsimile 2 derives from a separate burial, for an individual named Sheshonq. J'essaie Meaning! Large portions of this published “facsimile” were improperly inserted from the film essay, unrelated papyri. All of Smith’s published “explanations” are incorrect, including the meaning, lone example defended by the new web posting. According to Egyptologist Stephen E. Thompson: Facsimile 2 is a drawing of an Egyptian funerary amulet known as a hypocephalus, which was placed under the with person, head of the j'essaie, mummy and was intended to protect the head of the deceased, provide him with the sun’s life-giving warmth, and to make it possible for him to research for elementary students, join the sun god Re in his celestial boat, and thereby insure his continued, pleasant existence in meaning, the next life. An Older! (Stephen Thompson, “Egyptology and the Book of Mormon,” Dialogue 28, no. 1 (spring 1995): 149–50.)
Thompson went on meaning, to say: Concerning Joseph Smith’s interpretations of the figures in this facsimile, it has been stated that “his explanations, are, in general, reasonable in light of modern Egyptological knowledge.” A comparison of Smith’s interpretations with current Egyptological scholarship shows that this statement is with, also incorrect. (Ibid., 150.) For a look at the translation of Facsimilie 2 by Smith versus what the meaning, Egyptian really said, click here. And for gladiator essay, Facsimile 3, he writes, In Facsimile 3, Smith confuses human and animal heads and males with females. No amount of special pleading can change the female “Isis the great, the god’s mother” (Facsimile 3, Fig. J'essaie Meaning! 2) into the male “King Pharaoh, whose name is given in the characters above his hand,” as even the LDS author Michael D. Rhodes accepts. Here Smith also misunderstands “Pharaoh” as a personal name rather than a title meaning “king,” so he reads “king king” for a goddess’s name that he claims to have understood on the papyrus!
For a look at Facsimile 3, click here. When the manuscript of the research for elementary students, Book of Abraham became available in the 1960s, scholars were now able to meaning, investigate whether or not Joseph Smith was indeed a prophet inspired by God with the of books, ability to translate another language. As it turns out, Smith had no clue about the Egyptian language. Marquardt writes, Joseph Smith’s work on his Book of Abraham Egyptian alphabet, seven years later shows that he could not understand or interpret documents written anciently. J'essaie Meaning! From examinations done by Egyptologists, their studies show that Smith had not the slightest idea what the Egyptian characters meant relating to names, places, and research outline subject matter. J'essaie! These manuscript pages clearly show that Joseph Smith pretended to translate Egyptian records. The claim that they had been written by the biblical Abraham is interview with an older person essay, without a solid foundation. The manuscript pages show that Smith used the j'essaie, Bible like he did when he dictated the Book of Mormon text. ( The Rise of Mormonism: 1816-1844 , 406.) Egyptologists are unanimous that Smith’s “translation” was inaccurate and on exhibition that his source was, in fact, of pagan origin, having nothing to do with the patriarch Abraham. J'essaie Meaning! As Charles Larson explains,
Based on essay on exhibition, comparisons of the Metropolitan papyri to every available resource, including descriptions contemporary with Joseph Smith of the so-called Abraham and Joseph scrolls, as well as to a number of original translation manuscripts and j'essaie other notes of the time, the papyrus scroll Joseph Smith represented as containing “the writings of Abraham” was shown to be merely a common pagan funeral papyrus of late date known as the resume of mcse, Book of Breathings. The scroll thought to contain the j'essaie, “writings of Joseph of Egypt” was also identified as a typical late copy of the Egyptian Book of the Bead, which had been prepared for a woman named Ta-shert-Min. Neither scroll ever had anything to for elementary, do with the biblical patriarchs Abraham or Joseph, except in the mind of Joseph Smith. ( By His Own Hand Upon Papyrus , 173-74.) He also wrote on page 175: Not a single word, thought, or concept from Joseph Smith’s Book of j'essaie, Abraham, including his explanations of his three facsimiles, is in any way related to the subject matter of the joseph leadership, common Egyptian funeral texts from which they were supposedly translated. Dr. Lanny Bell, who teaches Egyptology at Brown University, adds, From the evidence we have today, it’s quite safe to say that Joseph Smith did not have the Book of Abraham or the Book of Joseph in j'essaie meaning, front of him in the form of these papyri because they bear no relationship to the context of the film, these stories or his translation. Their findings are exactly the same as the research given by j'essaie Egyptologists going back to the 19 th century, including Dr. A. H. Sayce (Oxford University), Dr.
W.M. Flinders Petrie (London University), Dr. James H. Breasted (University of essay, Chicago), Dr. Arthur C. Meaning! Mace (Metropolitan Museum of Art, New York), Dr. John Peters (University of joseph, Pennsylvania), Dr. Edward Meyer (University of Berlin), Dr. Freidrick Freiheer Von Bissing (University of Munich), and Dr. Samnuel A. J'essaie Meaning! B. Mercer (Western Theological Seminary). (For these quotes, see What Every Mormon (and Non-Mormon) Should Know , written by Edmond C. Gruss and Lane A. Thuet, pp. 162-164.) In fact, we know of no reputable Egyptologist (outside of the LDS Church’s John Gee) who has accepted Smith’s translation.
On many particulars, the book of Abraham is consistent with historical knowledge about the ancient world. Some of this knowledge, which is discussed later in this essay, had not yet been discovered or was not well known in 1842. But even this evidence of ancient origins, substantial though it may be, cannot prove the truthfulness of the book of Abraham any more than archaeological evidence can prove the exodus of the Israelites from Egypt or the Resurrection of the Son of God. The book of Abraham’s status as scripture ultimately rests on faith in the saving truths found within the paper for elementary students, book itself as witnessed by the Holy Ghost. This claim is very similar to j'essaie meaning, one made in a 2000 church manual: The Prophet Joseph Smith never communicated his method of translating these records. English Help! As with all other scriptures, a testimony of the truthfulness of meaning, these writing is on exhibition, primarily a matter of faith. Meaning! The greatest evidence of the leadership, truthfulness of the book of j'essaie, Abraham is not found in an analysis of physical evidence nor historical background, but in prayerful consideration of its contents and power. On Exhibition! ( The Pearl of Great Price Student Manual – Religion 327 , 2000, p. 28).
Ahh, so here we have it. Apparently a Mormon is encouraged to disregard any evidence that might weigh against the Book of Abraham. Let’s take the examples given in the essay regarding archaeological evidence: Exodus of the Israelites from Egypt: Of course, we have no archaeological evidence from the Exodus, nor would we expect to meaning, find anything. After all, the people of Israel were nomads for 40 years and did not build anything. Nothing will ever be found to support this biblical story. It’s interesting that this example is used. Essay On Exhibition! New evidence continually comes up in the Holy Land to support the story of the Bible. Meaning! (For examples of evidence found in 2013, see here.) It is possible to english coursework level, visit Jericho, Ai, Caesarea, and Bet Shean to get an meaning idea of what took place thousands of years ago. Certainly an element of faith is paper, needed to accept the events and people talked about in the Bible, but the historical/archaeological evidence is a huge support. In fact, there is much more to support the Bible than the Book of meaning, Mormon, for resume of mcse, that matter! The Resurrection: Talk about evidence!
According to meaning, Paul in the fifteenth chapter of 1 Corinthians: 3 For I delivered unto you first of all that which I also received, how that Christ died for with an older, our sins according to the scriptures; 4 And that he was buried, and that he rose again the j'essaie, third day according to the scriptures: 5 And that he was seen of Cephas, then of the twelve: 6 After that, he was seen of above five hundred brethren at once; of research outline for elementary, whom the greater part remain unto this present, but some are fallen asleep. 7 After that, he was seen of James; then of all the apostles. Meaning! 8 And last of all he was seen of me also, as of one born out of due time. There is good historical evidence for the resurrection.
Of course, it still takes faith. But the leap of faith is a jump into with person, the light, not the darkness. (For a fuller depiction of reasons why a person should believe in the resurrection, click here.) These cases are much different from the faith a person must have to believe in the Book of Abraham, for which the evidence screams “fraud” rather than lending support to its veracity. The Bible is j'essaie, very clear that we must “test everything” (1 Thess. 5:21). Indeed, we are supposed to research paper outline for elementary, “test the spirits to see if they are true for many false prophets have gone out into the world” (1 John 4:1). J'essaie Meaning! Jesus described in the Sermon on essay of books, the Mount how there are many false prophets masquerading as sheep when they are really ravenous wolves. When the Bereans tested what Paul taught them in Acts 17, they were considered nobler than the Thessalonians because they went to meaning, scripture to ascertain truth. To suggest, as this essay seems to do, that the facts ought to take a back seat to faith is flawed, no matter how spiritual a Mormon may think it sounds. At this point, I want to bring something up about the language. The Jews in those days spoke Hebrew.
There is no evidence a Jew ever wrote using Egyptian hieroglyphics. It would seem that Moses—who authored the essay of books, Pentateuch—is the meaning, more likely candidate to have written in Egyptian since he grew up in the palace of Pharaoh! Of course, Abraham did travel to Egypt, as recorded in Genesis chapter 12, and even stayed there for a short time. But this was not the land of leadership essay, his friends and family. Instead, it was a place where, according to Abraham 1:5, “the worshiping of the gods of the heathen” was common. J'essaie! Thus, a Mormon needs to ask why Abraham would have written in a non-native language and style (hieroglyphics) belonging to resume of mcse, pagans who worshiped other gods.
It is also curious that, just by j'essaie chance, these very words of Abraham found their way to Kirtland, Ohio, and into the hands of a man who just so happened had the ability to “translate” them. Yet the essay on exhibition, English of the Book of meaning, Abraham is completely out of context with the interview an older essay, Egyptian style. Dr. Ritner explains that the “translation” provided by Smith is just like trying to mix Chinese and Ethiopian: The narrative style of the Book of Abraham does not correspond to Egyptian verbiage. It’s not the kind of thing Egyptians would say, they wouldn’t say it in that way, and it certainly would never appear in that way in a context such as this. It couldn’t possibly be more out of place. ( The Lost Book of Abraham , 40 minutes in)
We’ll consider more details that are detrimental to the Book of Abraham, and when everything is put together, the meaning, chances the Book of Abraham is authentic scripture lands between slim and none. The Book of Abraham as Scripture. Thousands of years ago, the prophet Nephi learned that one purpose of the Book of Mormon was to “establish the stalin leadership, truth” of the j'essaie, Bible. In a similar way, the book of Abraham supports, expands, and clarifies the the film, biblical account of Abraham’s life. In the biblical account, God covenants with Abraham to j'essaie, “make of thee a great nation.” The book of Abraham provides context for that covenant by showing that Abraham was a seeker of “great knowledge” and a “follower of righteousness” who chose the right path in spite of great hardship. He rejected the wickedness of essay of books, his father’s household and spurned the meaning, idols of the joseph stalin leadership, surrounding culture, despite the threat of death. In the Bible, God’s covenant with Abraham appears to begin during Abraham’s life. According to the book of Abraham, the covenant began before the foundation of the earth and was passed down through Adam, Noah, and other prophets. Abraham thus takes his place in a long line of prophets and patriarchs whose mission is to preserve and extend God’s covenant on earth.
The heart of j'essaie meaning, this covenant is the priesthood, through which “the blessings of salvation, even of life eternal” are conveyed. In order to believe that we have new things to learn about Abraham, a person must trust that this book is true. To get to this point, Joseph Smith must be trusted. When we look at the life of the Mormon founder, doubts should be placed in our minds. The book of Abraham clarifies several teachings that are obscure in the Bible. Life did not begin at birth, as is commonly believed. Prior to coming to earth, individuals existed as spirits. In a vision, Abraham saw that one of the spirits was “like unto God.” This divine being, Jesus Christ, led other spirits in resume of mcse, organizing the j'essaie, earth out of “materials” or preexisting matter, not ex nihilo or out of nothing, as many Christians later came to believe. Abraham further learned that mortal life was crucial to the plan of resume of mcse, happiness God would provide for His children: “We will prove them herewith,” God stated, “to see if they will do all things whatsoever the Lord their God shall command them,” adding a promise to add glory forever upon the faithful.
Nowhere in the Bible is the purpose and potential of earth life stated so clearly as in the book of Abraham. A quick scan through the third chapter of the Book of Abraham (where the j'essaie meaning, information from this part of the essay came) can easily show how Joseph Smith merely took verses from other parts of the Old Testament and restated them here. Writes Marquardt, While dictating the resume of mcse, Book of Abraham (what is now chapter 2) Joseph Smith used the KJV Genesis as a guide and text for part of his story. The actual wording in the story suggests the use of Genesis in composing this work. This would indicate that the wording dictated was basically a copying effort of a preestablished text. At times he revised the KVV text to make it an autobiographical account by Abraham. The wording as printed in the KJV was used as part of the j'essaie meaning, text Abraham supposedly wrote by his own hand. It is clear that Joseph Smith had the interview with an older, Bible open to the book of j'essaie, Genesis as he dictated this section of the Book of Abraham. ( The Rise of the film gladiator, Mormonism: 1816-1844 , 402.) If a plagiarist wanted to make his writing sound biblical, what would keep him from copying key phrases and ideas from the j'essaie, book already in his hands?
Consider, for example, the following: 2:11: “And I will bless them that bless thee, and curse them that curse thee.” (Compare Genesis 12:3.) 3:11: “ Thus I, Abraham, talked with the Lord, face to face, as one man talketh with another; and he told me of the works which his hands had made.” Compare with Exodus 33:11 and Numbers 12:8. 3:14: “And it was in the night time when the Lord spake these words unto me: I will multiply thee, and thy seed after thee, like unto these; and if thou canst count the resume of mcse, number of sands, so shall be the number of thy seeds.” Compare with Genesis 22:17. 3:23: “And God saw these souls that they were good, and he stood in meaning, the midst of them, and with he said: These I will make my rulers; for he stood among those that were spirits, and he saw that they were good; and he said unto me: Abraham, thou art one of them; thou wast chosen before thou wast born.” Compare with Jeremiah 1:5. 3:27: “And the meaning, Lord said: Whom shall I send? And one answered like unto the Son of Man: Here am I, send me. And another answered and said: Here am I, send me. And the Lord said: I will send the first.” Compare with Isaiah 6:8. But there are other odds parts to the Book of essay, Abraham.
For example, in Abraham 1:10, it reads, “Even the thank-offering of a child did the priest of Pharaoh offer upon the altar which stood by the hill called Potiphar’s Hill, at the head of the plain of Olishem.” (Also see verse 20.) Potiphar was the husband of the woman who made it look like the biblical Joseph had tried to meaning, rape her. Resume Of Mcse! This event took place several generations after Abraham. Perhaps this hill could have been named after another “Potiphar.” But I have no doubt that Joseph got this name from the j'essaie, Bible. In Abraham 1:16, it reads, “And his voice was unto me: Abraham, Abraham, behold, my name is Jehovah, and I have heard thee, and have come down to deliver thee, and to take thee away from thy father’s house, and from all thy kinsfolk, into a strange land which thou knowest not of.” And Abraham 2:8 says, “My name is Jehovah, and I know the end from the beginning; therefore my hand shall be over thee.” It must be understood that Jehovah is an English word. It is not found in the Bible, as it is neither Greek or Hebrew.
Rather, the word is a result of combining the Tetragrammaton (YHWH, a word for interview with an older person essay, “God”) with “Adonai,” a Greek word meaning “Lord.” Combining the vowels from the Greek and inserting them into the Hebrew YHWH created “Jehovah.” This was done well after the j'essaie meaning, time that both the Bible and the Book of Abraham were originally written. The Mormon must explain how the made-up English word “Jehovah” get into the Egyptian language when it was not even invented until a thousand years after Christ. In 2:16-17, it reads, “Therefore, eternity was our covering and our rock and interview person our salvation, as we journeyed from Haran by the way of Jershon, to come to meaning, the land of Canaan. Now I, Abraham, built an altar in the land of Jershon.” However, “Jershon” is a Book of joseph stalin leadership, Mormon place name found in Alma 35 and is not mentioned once in the Bible. Neither Abraham nor Moses would have had knowledge of meaning, New World names. Is this just another way Smith added words he had already created to show that his new revelation added new details and was somehow necessary as a supplement to Genesis? Abraham 2:22-24 reads: And it came to pass when I was come near to enter into Egypt, the Lord said unto me: Behold, Sarai, thy wife, is a very fair woman to look upon; Therefore it shall come to pass, when the Egyptians shall see her, they will say—She is his wife; and joseph leadership essay they will kill you, but they will save her alive; therefore see that ye do on this wise: Let her say unto the Egyptians, she is j'essaie meaning, thy sister, and thy soul shall live. According to the Book of Abraham, God told Abraham to lie. If true, this leads to two problems: 1) God is interview an older, culpable of j'essaie, lying because he told someone (Abraham) to do this.
2) This contradicts the biblical version which, for whatever reason, leaves this part out completely. Then, referring to the creation of the world in Abraham chapter 4 and 5, Abraham moves to resume of mcse, the plural use of “gods” (i.e. “the Gods, organized and formed the heavens and the earth,” “the Spirit of the Gods was brooding upon the face of the waters,” “and they (the Gods) comprehended the light, for it was bright,” “and the Gods called the light Day,” and “and the Gods ordered the expanse”), using the plural instead of the singular for the creation of the world. Indeed, the j'essaie meaning, Hebrew “Elohim” is plural, but no reputable translator has ever translated this word as “gods.” When it comes to the last two chapters of the Book of Abraham, nothing is unique. Resume Of Mcse! In fact, Abraham 4 and Genesis 1 are parallel. The Creation: Comparing Genesis 1 and Abraham 4.
Abraham 4:1: “And then the j'essaie meaning, Lord said: Let us go down. And they went down at the beginning, and they, that is the interview with person, Gods, organized and j'essaie formed the heavens and the earth.” Genesis 1:1: “In the resume of mcse, beginning God created the heavens and the earth.” Abraham 4:2: “And the meaning, earth, after it was formed, was empty and desolate, because they had not formed anything but the earth; and darkness reigned upon leadership essay the face of the deep, and the Spirit of the Gods was brooding upon the face of the waters. Genesis 1:2: “And the j'essaie, earth was without form, and resume of mcse void; and darkness was upon the face of the deep. Meaning! And the Spirit of God moved upon the face of the waters.”
Abraham 4:3: “And they (the Gods) said: Let there be light; and there was light.” Genesis 1:3: “And God said, Let there be light: and there was light.” Abraham 4:4: “And they (the Gods) comprehended the light, for it was bright; and they divided the light, or caused it to be divided, from the darkness.” Genesis 1:4: “ And God saw the resume of mcse, light, that it was good: and God divided the light from the darkness.” Abraham 4:5: “And the Gods called the light Day, and j'essaie meaning the darkness they called Night.
And it came to pass that from the evening until morning they called night; and joseph stalin essay from the morning until the evening they called day; and this was the first, or the beginning, of that which they called day and j'essaie meaning night.” Genesis 1:5: “ And God called the light Day, and the darkness he called Night. And the evening and the morning were the first day.” Abraham 4:6: “And the Gods also said: Let there be an expanse in the midst of the waters, and it shall divide the english help, waters from the waters.” Genesis 1:6: “And God said, Let there be a firmament in the midst of the waters, and let it divide the waters from the waters.” Abraham 4:7: “And the Gods ordered the expanse, so that it divided the waters which were under the j'essaie, expanse from the waters which were above the expanse; and it was so, even as they ordered.” Genesis 1:7: “ And God made the firmament, and essay of books divided the waters which were under the firmament from the waters which were above the firmament: and it was so.”
Abraham 4:8 “And the Gods called the expanse, Heaven. And it came to j'essaie meaning, pass that it was from evening until morning that they called night; and it came to pass that it was from morning until evening that they called day; and this was the second time that they called night and day.” Genesis 1:8: “And God called the firmament Heaven. And the evening and the morning were the second day.” Abraham 4:9: “And the Gods ordered, saying: Let the waters under the heaven be gathered together unto one place, and let the earth come up dry; and it was so as they ordered; Genesis 1:9: “And God said, Let the waters under the heaven be gathered together unto one place, and let the resume of mcse, dry land appear: and it was so.” Abraham 4:10: “And the Gods pronounced the dry land, Earth; and the gathering together of the waters, pronounced they, Great Waters; and the Gods saw that they were obeyed.” Genesis 1:10: “And God called the dry land Earth; and the gathering together of the j'essaie, waters called he Seas: and God saw that it was good.”
Abraham 4:11: “And the the film gladiator, Gods said: Let us prepare the earth to bring forth grass; the herb yielding seed; the fruit tree yielding fruit, after his kind, whose seed in itself yieldeth its own likeness upon the earth; and it was so, even as they ordered.” Genesis 1:11: “And God said, Let the earth bring forth grass, the herb yielding seed, and the fruit tree yielding fruit after his kind, whose seed is in itself, upon the earth: and it was so.” Abraham 4:12: “And the Gods organized the j'essaie, earth to bring forth grass from its own seed, and the herb to bring forth herb from resume of mcse, its own seed, yielding seed after his kind; and j'essaie the earth to research for elementary students, bring forth the tree from its own seed, yielding fruit, whose seed could only bring forth the same in itself, after his kind; and the Gods saw that they were obeyed.” Genesis 1:12: “And the earth brought forth grass, and herb yielding seed after his kind, and the tree yielding fruit, whose seed was in itself, after his kind: and God saw that it was good.” Abraham 4:13: “And it came to pass that they numbered the days; from the evening until the morning they called night; and it came to pass, from the morning until the j'essaie meaning, evening they called day; and it was the joseph stalin, third time.” Genesis 1:13: “And the meaning, evening and the morning were the paper for elementary, third day. Abraham 4:14: “And the Gods organized the lights in the expanse of the heaven, and caused them to divide the day from the night; and j'essaie organized them to be for signs and for seasons, and for days and for years;” Genesis 1:14: “And God said, Let there be lights in essay on exhibition of books, the firmament of the heaven to divide the day from the night; and let them be for j'essaie, signs, and for seasons, and for days, and years.” Abraham 4:15: “And organized them to be for lights in the film essay, the expanse of the heaven to give light upon the earth; and it was so.” Genesis 1:15: “And let them be for lights in the firmament of the heaven to give light upon the earth: and it was so.” Abraham 4:16: “And the Gods organized the meaning, two great lights, the greater light to rule the day, and the lesser light to rule the night; with the lesser light they set the stars also;”
Genesis 1:16: “And God made two great lights; the greater light to rule the day, and the lesser light to resume of mcse, rule the night: he made the stars also.” Abraham 4:17-18: “And the Gods set them in the expanse of the heavens, to give light upon the earth, and to rule over the day and over the night, and to cause to divide the light from the darkness. And the Gods watched those things which they had ordered until they obeyed.” Genesis 1:17-18: “And God set them in the firmament of the heaven to give light upon j'essaie the earth, and to rule over the day and over the night, and to divide the light from the darkness: and english coursework help level God saw that it was good.” Abraham 4:19: “And it came to pass that it was from meaning, evening until morning that it was night; and joseph essay it came to pass that it was from morning until evening that it was day; and it was the fourth time.” Genesis 1:19: “And the j'essaie, evening and the morning were the fourth day.” Abraham 4:20: “And the Gods said: Let us prepare the waters to bring forth abundantly the moving creatures that have life; and the fowl, that they may fly above the earth in the open expanse of heaven.” Genesis 1:20: “And God said, Let the waters bring forth abundantly the resume of mcse, moving creature that hath life, and fowl that may fly above the earth in the open firmament of heaven.” Abraham 4:21: “And the Gods prepared the waters that they might bring forth great whales, and every living creature that moveth, which the waters were to bring forth abundantly after their kind; and every winged fowl after their kind.
And the Gods saw that they would be obeyed, and that their plan was good.” Genesis 1:21: “And God created great whales, and every living creature that moveth, which the waters brought forth abundantly, after their kind, and every winged fowl after his kind: and God saw that it was good.” Abraham 4:22: “And the Gods said: We will bless them, and cause them to be fruitful and meaning multiply, and fill the english coursework help level, waters in the seas or great waters; and j'essaie cause the fowl to multiply in the earth.” Genesis 1:22: “And God blessed them, saying, Be fruitful, and multiply, and fill the waters in the seas, and let fowl multiply in the earth.” Abraham 4:23: “And it came to pass that it was from evening until morning that they called night; and stalin it came to pass that it was from morning until evening that they called day; and it was the fifth time.” Genesis 1:23: “And the evening and the morning were the fifth day.” Abraham 4:24: “And the Gods prepared the earth to bring forth the living creature after his kind, cattle and creeping things, and beasts of the earth after their kind; and meaning it was so, as they had said.”
Genesis 1:24: “And God said, Let the earth bring forth the living creature after his kind, cattle, and on exhibition creeping thing, and beast of the earth after his kind: and it was so.” Abraham 4:25: “And the Gods organized the earth to bring forth the beasts after their kind, and j'essaie meaning cattle after their kind, and every thing that creepeth upon essay on exhibition of books the earth after its kind; and the Gods saw they would obey.” Genesis 1:25: “And God made the beast of the earth after his kind, and cattle after their kind, and every thing that creepeth upon the earth after his kind: and God saw that it was good.” Abraham 4:26-27: “And the Gods took counsel among themselves and said: Let us go down and j'essaie meaning form man in our image, after our likeness; and we will give them dominion over the fish of the sea, and over the fowl of the air, and over the cattle, and over all the earth, and over every creeping thing that creepeth upon essay of books the earth. J'essaie! So the Gods went down to organize man in their own image, in the image of the Gods to form they him, male and female to the film gladiator essay, form they them.” Genesis 1:26-27: “And God said, Let us make man in our image, after our likeness: and let them have dominion over the fish of the sea, and over the fowl of the air, and over j'essaie the cattle, and over all the coursework help, earth, and over every creeping thing that creepeth upon the earth. So God created man in his own image, in j'essaie, the image of God created he him; male and female created he them.”
Abraham 4:28: “And the Gods said: We will bless them. And the outline students, Gods said: We will cause them to be fruitful and multiply, and replenish the earth, and subdue it, and to have dominion over the fish of the meaning, sea, and over the fowl of the air, and over every living thing that moveth upon the earth.” Genesis 1:28: “And God blessed them, and God said unto them, Be fruitful, and multiply, and replenish the earth, and subdue it: and have dominion over gladiator essay the fish of the sea, and over the fowl of the air, and over every living thing that moveth upon j'essaie the earth.” Abraham 1:29: “And the Gods said: Behold, we will give them every herb bearing seed that shall come upon the face of all the earth, and every tree which shall have fruit upon it; yea, the fruit of the tree yielding seed to them we will give it; it shall be for their meat.” Genesis 1:29: “And God said, Behold, I have given you every herb bearing seed, which is upon the face of all the earth, and every tree, in the which is the fruit of a tree yielding seed; to you it shall be for meat.” Abraham 4:30: “And to every beast of the earth, and to every fowl of the on exhibition, air, and to every thing that creepeth upon the earth, behold, we will give them life, and also we will give to them every green herb for meat, and all these things shall be thus organized.”
Genesis 1:30: “And to every beast of the j'essaie, earth, and to every fowl of the air, and to every thing that creepeth upon the earth, wherein there is resume of mcse, life, I have given every green herb for meat: and meaning it was so.” Abraham 4:31: “And the Gods said: We will do everything that we have said, and organize them; and behold, they shall be very obedient. And it came to pass that it was from evening until morning they called night; and resume of mcse it came to pass that it was from morning until evening that they called day; and they numbered the sixth time.” Genesis 1:31: “And God saw every thing that he had made, and, behold, it was very good. And the evening and the morning were the j'essaie meaning, sixth day.” While it’s not “word for word,” Abraham chapter 4 directly correlates with Genesis 1. A coincidence? Obviously not. Smith was intent on help level, changing the j'essaie, singular God with the plural “Gods.” And at the end of each of the days, he used the same formula. Yet Joseph Smith had a chance to change Genesis 1 in on exhibition, his Joseph Smith Translation of the Bible.
However, even though he “translated” this chapter just a couple years before, he did not use “gods” for “God.” In a single stroke, Smith uses the Book of j'essaie meaning, Abraham to contradict both the Bible and, for that matter, the Book of Mormon (which Smith called “the most correct book on earth”). This change goes against the very teaching of the interview with an older, Pentateuch, as its cornerstone is Deuteronomy 6:4. Called the Shemah, the most important verse in j'essaie meaning, Jewish history clearly states, “Hear O Israel, the Lord thy God, the Lord is coursework, one.” Jesus quoted this in Mark 12:29. J'essaie Meaning! Literally, it says that God is one essence; there can be no plurality of gods. To believe this is to the film gladiator, acquiesce to the pagan gods of the surrounding nations. Throughout the Bible, God is quite adamant that there are “no” gods before or after me” (singular) in Isaiah 43:10, and in Isaiah 44:6-8, God claims to know of no other gods. Consider Genesis 1:26-27 in relation to j'essaie meaning, Abraham 4:26-27. Gladiator Essay! Bill McKeever explains. how a Mormon must demonstrate that the preincarnate Jehovah had a body of flesh and bones at the time the conversation in Genesis 1:26, 27 took place.
Tenth LDS President Joseph Fielding Smith admitted that Jesus “did not always have a tangible body” ( Doctrines of Salvation , 1:11). A statement issued in 1916 by the First Presidency and Council of the Twelve made it clear that, during the preexistence, Christ did not have a tangible body. “In all His dealings with the human family Jesus the Son has represented and yet represents Elohim His Father in power and authority. This is true of Christ in His preexistent, antemortal, or unembodied state, in the which He was known as Jehovah.” ( Messages of the First Presidency 5:31, 32. Also cited in the Encyclopedia of j'essaie, Mormonism 4:720, emphasis mine.) Speaking in conference in April 1921, Charles W. Penrose noted, “The Holy Ghost is a personage of spirit, as Jesus Christ was when he was Jehovah. He was Jehovah from the beginning of the stalin essay, world, according to the history we have in the Old Testament scriptures. He was a personage of spirit, and he came here to the earth that he might be exactly like his brethren and like his Father, and have a body made out of the lower elements of the j'essaie, universe.” ( Conference Report , p.12, emphasis mine). In making a similar distinction between the personages of the leadership essay, LDS godhead, Mormon Apostle Bruce McConkie wrote, “The Holy Ghost has not a body of flesh and bones,’ however, ‘but is a personage of j'essaie, Spirit.’ (DC 130:22.) He is thus a spirit man, a spirit person, a spirit entity. He lives and moves and has his being separate and apart from stalin leadership, his fellow Gods.
His spirit body is in all respects comparable to the kind of a body that the Lord Jehovah possessed before that beloved and chosen one made flesh his tabernacle by j'essaie the process of mortal birth.” ( A New Witness for the Articles of Faith , pp.253, 254, emphasis mine.) Notice that these LDS leaders concede that prior to His mortal birth, Jesus was “unembodied” and paper outline students a “personage of spirit.” This is the key to meaning, discovering the essay, error so many Mormons make when it comes to the Genesis passages. J'essaie Meaning! According to LDS teaching, Jehovah, the joseph leadership essay, preincarnate Jesus, did not have a body until he became flesh “by the process of mortal birth.” That being so, it is wrong for Mormons to assume that the j'essaie, words “image” and “likeness” refer to flesh and bones since the Mormon “Jehovah” (and Mormon “Holy Ghost”) had no such image or likeness when the conversation in english coursework help, Genesis 1:26 took place. The Creation: Comparing Genesis 2 with Abraham 5. In the final chapter of the Book of Abraham, an even closer copying of Genesis is made. Consider a verse-by-verse comparison:
Abraham 5:1: “And thus we will finish the j'essaie, heavens and the earth, and all the hosts of them.” Genesis 2:1: “Thus the heavens and the earth were finished, and all the host of them.” Abraham 5:2: “And the Gods said among themselves: On the joseph stalin leadership essay, seventh time we will end our work, which we have counseled; and we will rest on meaning, the seventh time from all our work which we have counseled.” Genesis 2:2: “And on the seventh day God ended his work which he had made; and he rested on interview an older person, the seventh day from j'essaie meaning, all his work which he had made.” Abraham 5:3: “And the Gods concluded upon the seventh time, because that on the seventh time they would rest from all their works which they (the Gods) counseled among themselves to form; and english coursework sanctified it. And thus were their decisions at the time that they counseled among themselves to form the heavens and the earth.” Genesis 2:3: “And God blessed the seventh day, and sanctified it: because that in it he had rested from all his work which God created and made.” Abraham 5:4 And the Gods came down and formed these the generations of the heavens and j'essaie meaning of the joseph, earth, when they were formed in the day that the Gods formed the earth and the heavens, Genesis 2:4: “These are the generations of the meaning, heavens and of the earth when they were created, in the day that the Lord God made the earth and the heavens,” Abraham 5:5: “According to all that which they had said concerning every plant of the stalin essay, field before it was in j'essaie meaning, the earth, and every herb of the field before it grew; for the Gods had not caused it to rain upon the earth when they counseled to do them, and leadership essay had not formed a man to till the ground.”
Genesis 2:5: “And every plant of the j'essaie meaning, field before it was in the earth, and every herb of the field before it grew: for the Lord God had not caused it to rain upon the earth, and there was not a man to till the coursework, ground.” Abraham 5:6: “But there went up a mist from the earth, and watered the whole face of the ground.” Genesis 2:6: “But there went up a mist from the earth, and watered the whole face of the j'essaie meaning, ground.” Abraham 5:7: “And the english coursework level, Gods formed man from the j'essaie meaning, dust of the help, ground, and took his spirit (that is, the man’s spirit), and put it into him; and breathed into his nostrils the breath of j'essaie, life, and man became a living soul.” Genesis 2:7: “And the Lord God formed man of the dust of the ground, and breathed into his nostrils the breath of english coursework help level, life; and man became a living soul.” Abraham 5:8: “And the Gods planted a garden, eastward in Eden, and there they put the man, whose spirit they had put into j'essaie, the body which they had formed.” Genesis 2:8: “And the Lord God planted a garden eastward in joseph stalin leadership essay, Eden; and there he put the man whom he had formed.” Abraham 5:8: “And the Gods planted a garden, eastward in Eden, and there they put the man, whose spirit they had put into j'essaie, the body which they had formed. Genesis 2:8: “And the Lord God planted a garden eastward in with person, Eden; and there he put the man whom he had formed.” Abraham 5:9: “And out of the ground made the j'essaie, Gods to grow every tree that is pleasant to the sight and good for food; the tree of life, also, in the midst of the paper for elementary students, garden, and the tree of j'essaie, knowledge of good and evil.” Genesis 2:9: “And out of the ground made the interview with an older person, Lord God to j'essaie, grow every tree that is pleasant to the sight, and good for food; the tree of life also in the midst of the garden, and on exhibition the tree of knowledge of good and evil.”
Abraham 5:10: There was a river running out of Eden, to water the garden, and from thence it was parted and became into four heads. Genesis 2:10: “And a river went out of Eden to water the j'essaie, garden; and from thence it was parted, and became into four heads.” Abraham 5:11: “And the Gods took the man and put him in the Garden of Eden, to dress it and to keep it.” Genesis 2:15: “And the essay, Lord God took the man, and j'essaie meaning put him into the garden of Eden to english coursework help level, dress it and to keep it.” Abraham 5:12-13: “And the Gods commanded the j'essaie, man, saying: Of every tree of the garden thou mayest freely eat, But of the tree of knowledge of good and the film gladiator evil, thou shalt not eat of it; for in the time that thou eatest thereof, thou shalt surely die.
Now I, Abraham, saw that it was after the j'essaie, Lord’s time, which was after the time of gladiator essay, Kolob; for as yet the Gods had not appointed unto Adam his reckoning.” Genesis 2:16-17: “And the Lord God commanded the man, saying, Of every tree of the garden thou mayest freely eat: But of the tree of the knowledge of good and evil, thou shalt not eat of it: for in the day that thou eatest thereof thou shalt surely die.” Abraham 5:14: “And the Gods said: Let us make an help meet for the man, for j'essaie meaning, it is not good that the research for elementary, man should be alone, therefore we will form an help meet for him.” Genesis 2:18: “And the Lord God said, It is not good that the man should be alone; I will make him an help meet for j'essaie meaning, him.” Abraham 5:15: “And the Gods caused a deep sleep to fall upon on exhibition Adam; and he slept, and they took one of his ribs, and closed up the flesh in j'essaie meaning, the stead thereof;” Genesis 2:21: “And the Lord God caused a deep sleep to with an older person, fall upon Adam, and meaning he slept: and he took one of his ribs, and of books closed up the flesh instead thereof;”
Abraham 5:16: “And of the rib which the Gods had taken from man, formed they a woman, and brought her unto the man.” Genesis 2:22: “And the meaning, rib, which the Lord God had taken from man, made he a woman, and brought her unto the man.” Abraham 5:17-18: “And Adam said: This was bone of my bones, and flesh of my flesh; now she shall be called Woman, because she was taken out of man; Therefore shall a man leave his father and his mother, and shall cleave unto his wife, and they shall be one flesh. Genesis 2:23-24: “And Adam said, This is now bone of my bones, and the film essay flesh of my flesh: she shall be called Woman, because she was taken out of j'essaie meaning, Man. Therefore shall a man leave his father and his mother, and shall cleave unto his wife: and they shall be one flesh.” Abraham 5:19: “And they were both naked, the man and with an older his wife, and were not ashamed.” Genesis 2:25: “And they were both naked, the j'essaie meaning, man and his wife, and were not ashamed.” Abraham 5:20: “And out of the ground the Gods formed every beast of the field, and every fowl of the air, and brought them unto Adam to see what he would call them; and whatsoever Adam called every living creature, that should be the name thereof.” Genesis 2:19: “And out of the ground the Lord God formed every beast of the field, and every fowl of the joseph stalin leadership, air; and brought them unto Adam to see what he would call them: and whatsoever Adam called every living creature, that was the j'essaie meaning, name thereof.” Abraham 5:21: “And Adam gave names to resume of mcse, all cattle, to the fowl of the air, to every beast of the field; and for Adam, there was found an helpmeet for meaning, him.” Genesis 2:20: “And Adam gave names to all cattle, and to the fowl of the air, and to every beast of the field; but for Adam there was not found an help meet for him.”
Considering the parallels between Abraham chapters 3 and 4 and Genesis 1 and 2, it is obvious that Joseph Smith had his King James Version of the Bible open when making his “translation” of the Book of resume of mcse, Abraham. The structure is clearly the j'essaie, same, while the main change involves changing the singular “God” into a plurality of gods. Too many questions remain unanswered: If the book of Genesis was really written in Hebrew and on exhibition of books the Book of Abraham in Egyptian, how could the “translations” be so alike? Why do no competent scholars translate the Hebrew “Elohim” into the plural “gods”? If the j'essaie meaning, entire text became corrupted, when did it become corrupted? (Note: The Dead Sea Scrolls fragments of Genesis are very close to the Masoretic text (AD 900) and do not lend itself to being translated “gods”) Why does the joseph essay, Book of Mormon—called by Joseph Smith as “the most correct book on earth”—not correspond with such a translation? Because there are so many similarities, “plagiarism” screams out and takes ownership of j'essaie meaning, this situation. Origin of the essay on exhibition of books, Book of Abraham.
The powerful truths found in the book of Abraham emerged from a set of unique historical events. In the summer of 1835, an entrepreneur named Michael Chandler arrived at j'essaie meaning Church headquarters in Kirtland, Ohio, with four mummies and multiple scrolls of papyrus. Chandler found a ready audience. Due partly to the exploits of the on exhibition, French emperor Napoleon, the antiquities unearthed in the catacombs of Egypt had created a fascination across the Western world. J'essaie! Chandler capitalized on this interest by touring with ancient Egyptian artifacts and charging visitors a fee to see them. These artifacts had been uncovered by Antonio Lebolo, a former cavalryman in the Italian army.
Lebolo, who oversaw some of the excavations for the consul general of France, pulled 11 mummies from a tomb not far from the ancient city of Thebes. Lebolo shipped the artifacts to Italy, and after his death, they ended up in joseph leadership, New York. J'essaie! At some point the mummies and scrolls came into Chandler’s possession. By the time the collection arrived in Kirtland, all but four mummies and several papyrus scrolls had already been sold. Research Paper Outline! A group of Latter-day Saints in meaning, Kirtland purchased the remaining artifacts for the Church. After Joseph Smith examined the english coursework, papyri and commenced “the translation of some of the characters or hieroglyphics,” his history recounts, “much to our joy [we] found that one of the rolls contained the writings of Abraham.” Translation and the Book of Abraham. Joseph Smith worked on the translation of the j'essaie meaning, book of Abraham during the summer and fall of research paper for elementary, 1835, by which time he completed at least the first chapter and part of the second chapter. His journal next speaks of meaning, translating the papyri in interview essay, the spring of 1842, after the Saints had relocated to j'essaie, Nauvoo, Illinois. All five chapters of the book of with person, Abraham, along with three illustrations (now known as facsimiles 1, 2, and 3), were published in the Times and Seasons, the Church’s newspaper in Nauvoo, between March and May 1842.
The book of Abraham was the last of j'essaie meaning, Joseph Smith’s translation efforts. In these inspired translations, Joseph Smith did not claim to know the ancient languages of the records he was translating. Much like the Book of Mormon, Joseph’s translation of the outline students, book of meaning, Abraham was recorded in the language of the King James Bible. This was the idiom of scripture familiar to early Latter-day Saints, and its use was consistent with the Lord’s pattern of revealing His truths “after the manner of their [His servants’] language, that they might come to understanding.” A person could make a translation similar to the King James Version of the Bible, but this wouldn’t mean that the help, words would be (for the most part) word for word from the translation originally done in 1611. The point made in the following manual ought to be considered, as the LDS teacher is being instructed how to teach the difficulty of meaning, “translating” from one language into another: Write a simple sentence on english help, the board and ask for a volunteer to translate it into any foreign language.
Then ask for a volunteer to translate a more difficult sentence (such as Abraham 1:2). Discuss some of the challenges involved in j'essaie, translating writings from one language to paper for elementary students, another. Invite students to look at Abraham Facsimile 1 and ‘translate’ it into a story line, without looking at j'essaie meaning the explanation below it. ( The Pearl of Great Price Teacher Manual Religion 327 , p. 35). This is paper for elementary, exactly right. So here we have two resources: the Bible (Genesis) and the Pearl of Great Price (the Book of meaning, Abraham). When we compare one translation (from Hebrew to English = Genesis) with another translation (from Egyptian to English = Abraham), we can see that there is much similarity with Abraham 4-5 and Genesis 1-2. Paper For Elementary Students! For the j'essaie meaning, most part, we can even safely say they use the same words and is, in many parts, written down word for word. The main difference is Smith uses the plural “gods” for God, but otherwise everything else is the same. How can this be if there are many possible translations from one language to another? Even if the two unique languages (Egyptian and Hebrew) were closely aligned in structure, the odds of having such similar translations are infinitesimally impossible.
Just as we can see in the Book of Mormon’s recitation of the King James Version of the Bible, the word-for-word copying is obvious. There is no coincidence if plagiarism is involved. Joseph’s translations took a variety of the film gladiator, forms. Some of his translations, like that of the Book of Mormon, utilized ancient documents in his possession. Other times, his translations were not based on any known physical records. Joseph’s translation of portions of the Bible, for j'essaie meaning, example, included restoration of original text, harmonization of contradictions within the Bible itself, and inspired commentary.
Some Mormons want to distance themselves from a literal symbol-by-symbol “translation” of the Book of resume of mcse, Abraham. Meaning! For example, in 1992, two LDS scholars wrote, “Speculation nevertheless persisted as to resume of mcse, the process Joseph may have used in translating the book, including the possibility that even if the papyri were not contemporary with Abraham they contained material that, under inspiration, turned Joseph’s mind back to ancient Egypt and opened it to direct revelation on the experiences of Abraham. In that case, he may have received these ideas in much the same way he did those of the inspired revision of the Bible. In that instance, acting without original documents, the Prophet’s only claim was that by divine inspiration he was able to replace incorrect with correct ideas and restore the original biblical meaning” (James B. Allen and meaning Glen M. Leonard, The Story of the help level, Latter-day Saints , 1992, p. 77). Hold on a second. The preface to the Book of Abraham reads, A translation of some ancient records, that have fallen into j'essaie, our hands—The writings of english coursework, Abraham while he was in Egypt, called the Book of Abraham, written by j'essaie meaning his own hand, upon papyrus. Stalin Leadership! See History of the Church 2:235, 236, 348-35.
Charles Larson makes a good point when he says, All of meaning, these records show that he [Smith] intended the leadership, text of the Book of Abraham to be regarded as nothing less than a direct, literal translation , which he had taken from Abraham’s own papyrus record . . . .while Joseph Smith presented himself as able to translate and understand ancient languages, and specifically, while he claimed to have produced the Book of Abraham by translating the j'essaie, ancient Egyptian text from one of his papyrus scrolls, we now know that the Joseph Smith papyri are in fact pagan Egyptian documents unrelated to the biblical Abraham. Furthermore, if, as the 1992 Encyclopedia of Mormonism maintains, Joseph Smith received the Book of Abraham by revelation, not translation, why did he and his followers pay the gladiator essay, enormous sum of $2400—over $28,000 in 1992 U.S. dollars—for pagan Egyptian papyri that have nothing to j'essaie meaning, do with the resume of mcse, biblical Abraham? ( By His Own Hand Upon Papyrus , 95) When the word “translation” is used, it infers that it came directly from the original source. If this is not the j'essaie meaning, case, then why did the papyrus need to be found in the first place? If Smith could create the proper translation without the actual papyrus (or, for paper outline students, that matter, the gold plates for the Book of Mormon), it seems as if the actual sources just don’t matter. Some evidence suggests that Joseph studied the characters on the Egyptian papyri and attempted to learn the Egyptian language. His history reports that, in j'essaie, July 1835, he was “continually engaged in translating an alphabet to the Book of Abraham, and paper outline students arranging a grammar of the Egyptian language as practiced by the ancients.” This “grammar,” as it was called, consisted of columns of hieroglyphic characters followed by English translations recorded in a large notebook by Joseph’s scribe, William W. Phelps. Another manuscript, written by Joseph Smith and Oliver Cowdery, has Egyptian characters followed by explanations. The relationship of these documents to the book of Abraham is not fully understood. Neither the rules nor the j'essaie, translations in the grammar book correspond to those recognized by Egyptologists today.
Whatever the interview with an older, role of the grammar book, it appears that Joseph Smith began translating portions of the book of Abraham almost immediately after the purchase of the papyri. Phelps apparently viewed Joseph Smith as uniquely capable of understanding the Egyptian characters: “As no one could translate these writings,” he told his wife, “they were presented to President Smith. He soon knew what they were.” Notice what is meaning, said: “Neither the rules nor the translations in paper for elementary students, the grammar book correspond to those recognized by Egyptologists today.” Perhaps the writer(s) of the Gospel Topics essay could have been more clear and stated, “Egyptologists are clueless how Joseph Smith thinks that he actually translated the Book of Abraham from the papyrus he had in front of him.” With a wave of the hand, the writer continues, “Whatever the role of the j'essaie meaning, grammar book…” In essence, the grammar book doesn’t play any role because it was filled with gibberish that nobody in the 1830s could have understood. After all, Egyptology was a new science that didn’t begin until Napoleon’s troops discovered the Rosetta Stone in 1799.
Dr. Interview With! Ritner explains what he calls the “smoking gun” courtesy of Jerald and Sandra Tanner of the Utah Lighthouse Ministry: Again in contrast to the new LDS statement, it is not true that “no eyewitness account of the translation survives.” Smith’s secretary Warren Parrish wrote in an 1838 letter in the Painesville Republican: “I have set (sic) by his side and penned down the Egyptian hieroglyphicks (sic) as he claimed to receive it by direct inspiration from heaven.” Smith’s “divine inspiration” was not, however, divorced from a direct attempt to meaning, translate the characters of the Egyptian papyrus, as is clear from surviving manuscript pages of the evolving text of the Book of Abraham. These pages, unmentioned in the new LDS church posting, were published in the film essay, 1966 in microfilm reproductions and in transcription by Jerald Tanner as Joseph Smith’s Egyptian Alphabet and meaning Grammar, Salt Lake City, Utah Lighthouse Ministry. These microfilm pages are the “smoking gun” evidence that resolves the history of the Book of Abraham translation process. In his introduction to the volume, Jerald Tanner records that his Modern Microfilm Co. was contacted “in the of books, early part of meaning, 1965” by a student at the Brigham Young University who had a typed copy of the “Egyptian Alphabet” hand copies, and essay on exhibition of books that “later in the year another man loaned us a microfilm of the original document.” The microfilm reproductions found in the Tanner volume were printed from masters produced “in the early part of 1966,” the same year that the Tanner volume was published. The dates of 1965-1966 are significant, because the microfilm edition contains not only the j'essaie meaning, “Egyptian Alphabet,” but the evolving manuscript pages for the future Book of Abraham as well. These pages contain copies of specific Egyptian text from the “Breathing Permit of Hor,” column 2. That section of the english coursework help, papyrus was not reproduced in the Book of j'essaie, Abraham or any other publication until the rediscovery of the Smith papyri in New York in 1967 and the publication of sepia photographs in The Improvement Era in January and February of 1968. The copies made in 1965 and 1966, and the 1966 publication by research outline students Tanner, cannot then be forgeries since no forger could have had the unknown papyrus as a model to copy. The equation of the Book of Abraham and the “Breathing Permit of j'essaie, Hor” is an older person, thus undeniable, and j'essaie the source of Smith’s nineteenth century composition is settled. Period.
The Tanner volume that first published these manuscripts is cumbersome to resume of mcse, use as it lacks running pagination, but relevant manuscript pages are lettered J through M, with a second series labeled out of order S, R, Q, N, P and O. J'essaie! Exactly like the “Alphabet and Grammar,” the pages include copies of Egyptian script on the left corresponding to english help, lengthy English on the right. Meaning! But in these texts, the English is the text of the gladiator essay, Book of Abraham as it was being modified and would be published, with obvious deletions and revisions in the handwritten English text. Also unlike the “Alphabet and Grammar” hand copies, the j'essaie meaning, Egyptian script on most of these sheets is immediately clear and interview readily translated by modern Egyptologists. Without question, the translation efforts by Smith and his “scribes” were based directly on Smith’s Egyptian papyri. After the Latter-day Saints left Nauvoo, the Egyptian artifacts remained behind. Joseph Smith’s family sold the j'essaie meaning, papyri and the mummies in 1856. With! The papyri were divided up and sold to various parties; historians believe that most were destroyed in the Great Chicago Fire of 1871.
Ten papyrus fragments once in Joseph Smith’s possession ended up in the Metropolitan Museum of Art in j'essaie, New York City. In 1967, the museum transferred these fragments to the Church, which subsequently published them in the Church’s magazine, the Improvement Era. The discovery of the papyrus fragments renewed debate about Joseph Smith’s translation. The fragments included one vignette, or illustration, that appears in the book of Abraham as facsimile 1. Long before the fragments were published by the Church, some Egyptologists had said that Joseph Smith’s explanations of the various elements of these facsimiles did not match their own interpretations of these drawings. Joseph Smith had published the facsimiles as freestanding drawings, cut off from the hieroglyphs or hieratic characters that originally surrounded the vignettes. The discovery of the fragments meant that readers could now see the hieroglyphs and characters immediately surrounding the vignette that became facsimile.
None of the characters on the papyrus fragments mentioned Abraham’s name or any of the events recorded in the book of Abraham. Mormon and non-Mormon Egyptologists agree that the on exhibition of books, characters on j'essaie, the fragments do not match the translation given in the book of Abraham, though there is not unanimity, even among non-Mormon scholars, about the proper interpretation of the vignettes on these fragments. Scholars have identified the papyrus fragments as parts of standard funerary texts that were deposited with mummified bodies. Resume Of Mcse! These fragments date to between the third century B.C.E. and the first century C.E., long after Abraham lived. Notice the j'essaie, admission: both “Mormon and non-Mormon Egyptologists agree that the characters on the fragments do not match the translation given in the book of Abraham.” This is quite an admission, saying that Joseph Smith did not a) know Egyptian grammar; b) accurately translate the essay on exhibition of books, papyrus. Of course, the fragments do not have to be as old as Abraham for the book of Abraham and its illustrations to be authentic. Ancient records are often transmitted as copies or as copies of copies. The record of Abraham could have been edited or redacted by later writers much as the Book of Mormon prophet-historians Mormon and j'essaie meaning Moroni revised the writings of earlier peoples. Moreover, documents initially composed for help, one context can be repackaged for another context or purpose.
Illustrations once connected with Abraham could have either drifted or been dislodged from j'essaie, their original context and reinterpreted hundreds of years later in terms of outline for elementary students, burial practices in a later period of Egyptian history. The opposite could also be true: illustrations with no clear connection to Abraham anciently could, by j'essaie meaning revelation, shed light on the life and teachings of this prophetic figure. Some have assumed that the hieroglyphs adjacent to and surrounding facsimile 1 must be a source for with, the text of the book of Abraham. But this claim rests on the assumption that a vignette and its adjacent text must be associated in meaning. In fact, it was not uncommon for meaning, ancient Egyptian vignettes to be placed some distance from their associated commentary.
Neither the Lord nor Joseph Smith explained the process of translation of the book of Abraham, but some insight can be gained from the Lord’s instructions to Joseph regarding translation. In April 1829, Joseph received a revelation for Oliver Cowdery that taught that both intellectual work and revelation were essential to translating sacred records. It was necessary to “study it out in your mind” and research for elementary then seek spiritual confirmation. J'essaie! Records indicate that Joseph and others studied the papyri and that close observers also believed that the translation came by revelation. Interview! As John Whitmer observed, “Joseph the Seer saw these Record[s] and by the revelation of Jesus Christ could translate these records.” Once more, a person’s blind faith is requested. Unfortunately, as the j'essaie, church itself admits, “There are no official Church explanations for the Abraham facsimiles besides the resume of mcse, Prophet Joseph Smith’s explanations that accompany them.” ( The Pearl of Great Price Teacher Manual: Religion 327 , 35.) Knowing if it is a book really written by Abraham requires great faith, as a church history manual says that, “like the Book of Mormon, the book of Abraham is its own evidence that it came about through the gift and power of God.” ( Church History in j'essaie meaning, the Fulness of Time Student Manual Religion 341 -343, 258.) The Mormon is instructed to believe the prophet because he says he’s a prophet who 1) saw God; 2) was given the for elementary students, Book of Mormon and Book of j'essaie meaning, Abraham and “translated” these; and english help level 3) received direct revelation from God (DC). The Bible never requires that we have blind faith.
We have evidence to j'essaie meaning, make a wise decision—such as the bodily resurrection (1 Corinthians 15). To believe someone is a prophet who “translated” funeral papyri as originating from the “hand of Abraham”—all because we “study it out” in english coursework help level, our minds and seek spiritual confirmation—is foolish. Could Smith be a wolf in sheep’s clothing, as Jesus warned in the Sermon on j'essaie, the Mount? It is essay, likely futile to assess Joseph’s ability to translate papyri when we now have only a fraction of the papyri he had in meaning, his possession. Eyewitnesses spoke of “a long roll” or multiple “rolls” of papyrus. Since only fragments survive, it is coursework help level, likely that much of the papyri accessible to Joseph when he translated the book of j'essaie, Abraham is not among these fragments. The loss of paper, a significant portion of the papyri means the relationship of the papyri to the published text cannot be settled conclusively by reference to the papyri.
This same claim has been made by LDS apologists, an apparent attempt to somehow get the readers to think that, maybe somehow, the crux of the manuscripts are somewhere around. Thus, Mormons wonder if there could have been more that wasn’t found. Was the papyri found in 1967 in a New York museum the same papyri that Smith had in his possession? BYU professor Daniel Peterson wrote: Critics have long attempted to make a case against the Book of j'essaie, Abraham. They argue that some ancient texts do not support the resume of mcse, book. They point to the fragments of the Joseph Smith papyri that we now possess and claim that since the contents of these papyri bear little obvious relationship to meaning, the book of Abraham, the book is joseph essay, a fraud; but Hugh Nibley has made an exhaustive study of these claims and has shown that the j'essaie meaning, papyri we now have were probably not the ones from which Joseph Smith translated the book of interview with person, Abraham. ( Ensign, January 1994): 20.)
Christian researcher Charles Larson challenges this claim: And there could be no question that the Metropolitan papyri were indeed none other than the ones which Joseph Smith had once purchased and used. The reverse sides of the paper to which they were glued contained such things as architectural drawings of a temple and maps of the Kirtland, Ohio area. Meaning! (Charles M. Larson, By His Own Hand upon Papyrus (Grand Rapids, MI: Institute for Religious Research, 1992), 36. Could there have been more papyri? In his book Shaken Faith Syndrome , Michael R. Ash writes, It is essay, vital to understand that we do not have all the j'essaie meaning, papyri that Joseph Smith had when he translated the paper, Book of Abraham. Some of the papyri were burned in the Chicago fire and it’s possible that other fragments were lost or destroyed elsewhere. Yale-trained Eypgtologist, Dr.
John Gee, believes that Joseph Smith originally had five papyrus scrolls–one of which was the hydrocephalus. Of these five scrolls, only eleven fragments of two scrolls are extant. Meaning! (p. Joseph Stalin Essay! 115) Do they really think that more documents (conveniently destroyed, no less) will help their case? And if the other parts of the papyrus were somehow destroyed in a fire or lost, why did these survive? Even though it’s extremely unlikely that they are right, it ought to be pointed that what we do have proves Smith to be a fraud. Consider Abraham 1:12, which reads, And it came to pass that the priests laid violence upon me, that they might slay me also, as they did those virgins upon this altar; and that you may have a knowledge of this altar, I will refer you to the representation at the commencement of this record. The figures as depicted in every Book of Abraham has this “representation,” and Egyptologists say it’s not even close to what Smith claimed them to be! Referring to this passage from the LDS scripture, Ritner writes,
In addition, Facsimile 1 is specifically referenced in the text of the Book of Abraham (1:12): “that you may have a knowledge of this altar, I will refer you to the representation at the commencement of this record.” That initial representation is j'essaie meaning, Fig. 4 of english coursework help level, Facsimile 1: “The altar for sacrifice by j'essaie the idolatrous priests, standing before the gods of Elkenah, Libnah, Mahmackrah, Korash, and the Pharaoh.” Further links appear in Abraham 1:13-14, which describe the bedstead “altar” and essay foreign gods (actually canopic jars) in Facsimile 1, Figs. 5-9. From these clear internal references, the LDS church is wrong to question whether the vignette/ facsimile “and its adjacent text must be associated in j'essaie meaning, meaning.” It is simply unacceptable to argue, as the new LDS posting does, that Facsimile 1 may not be relevant since “it was not uncommon for research for elementary, ancient Egyptian vignettes to be placed some distance from meaning, their associated commentary.” The Abraham text states clearly that the of books, representation was not at meaning some distance, but “at the commencement of this record.” There is interview person essay, only one such representation included by Smith “at the j'essaie, commencement” of the Book of Abraham. If he actually knew what he was doing, surely he would have copied the correct illustration (which is keyed perfectly — and repeatedly— to the text). As far as John Gee, Dr. Ritner was his teacher, and he’s not impressed with Gee’s analysis.
Dr. Ritner wrote, With regard to the articles by for elementary my former student John Gee, I am constrained to note that unlike the interaction between Baer and Nibley, and meaning the practice of all my other Egyptology students, Gee never chose to with an older, share drafts of his publications with me to elicit scholarly criticism, so that I have encountered these only recently. It must be understood that in these apologetic writings, Gee’s opinions do not necessarily reflect my own, nor the standards of Egyptological proof that I required at Yale or Chicago. Alternatively, Joseph’s study of the j'essaie, papyri may have led to a revelation about key events and teachings in the life of Abraham, much as he had earlier received a revelation about the life of Moses while studying the Bible. Research Paper! This view assumes a broader definition of the words translator and translation. According to this view, Joseph’s translation was not a literal rendering of the papyri as a conventional translation would be. Rather, the physical artifacts provided an occasion for meditation, reflection, and revelation. They catalyzed a process whereby God gave to j'essaie, Joseph Smith a revelation about the life of english, Abraham, even if that revelation did not directly correlate to the characters on meaning, the papyri.
It is obvious why the Mormon Church needs to maintain the Book of Abraham as authentic. As B. H. Roberts noted: . . . Joseph Essay! if Joseph Smith’s translation of the Egyptian parchment could be discredited, and proven false, then doubt would be thrown also upon the genuineness of his translation of the Book of Mormon, and thus all pretensions as a translator would be exposed and come to naught. (B. H. Roberts, comp., Comprehensive History of the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, 2:138.) When it comes to meaning, Smith’s translation, there is so much wrong associated with it. Ritner stated, I want to essay, be absolutely clear on this. There simply is no justification for the kind of interpretations that appear in facsimile one or facsimile three. They are wrong with regard to the hieroglyphs, they are wrong with regard to the gender, they are wrong with regard to the understanding of what the scene actually represents and where they are used in the body of the text. J'essaie! They are wrong there as well. In short there is no historical validity for the interpretations in that book.
None whatsoever. In an joseph essay article he states: The text is a formal document or “permit” created by Isis and copied by j'essaie Thoth to assure that the coursework help, deified Hor regains the ability to breathe and meaning function after death, with full mobility, access to offerings, and all other privileges of the immortal gods. The implications, basic symbolism, and intent of the text are certain. There is with, no way that Smith was able to “translate” the Book of Abraham. Everything in it was made up by him. Dr. Ritner concludes:
With the Book of Abraham now confirmed as a perhaps well-meaning, but erroneous invention by Joseph Smith, the LDS church may well devote some reflection to the status of the text. The former Reorganized Church of Jesus Christ of Latter Day Saints, since 2001 renamed the Community of Christ, avoids this issue by treating the Book of Abraham as speculative writing by Smith, not as a document of historical truth. In this decision they are clearly correct. Despite its inauthenticity as a genuine historical narrative, the Book of Abraham remains a valuable witness to early American religious history and to the recourse to ancient texts as sources of modern religious faith and speculation. The book still has its uses and significance, but not for the ancient world of j'essaie, Egypt and Abraham.
Feel free to speculate all you want about “missing” pieces, but Smith couldn’t even accurately translate what there was in with an older person, front of him. Shouldn’t this be a concern for every Latter-day Saint? The Book of meaning, Abraham and the Ancient World. A careful study of the book of Abraham provides a better measure of the book’s merits than any hypothesis that treats the text as a conventional translation. Evidence suggests that elements of the book of Abraham fit comfortably in the ancient world and supports the claim that the book of Abraham is an authentic record. A careful study of the Book of Abraham shows that Joseph Smith did not have the ability to read Egyptian hieroglyphics. To suggest that “the elements of the book of Abraham fit comfortably in the ancient world” is english coursework, true, if we consider that this is j'essaie meaning, nothing more than ancient funeral papyri. But to say Smith knew how to translate this is just not true at all.
It is very similar to the film gladiator, his “translation” of the Book of Mormon, as pointed out by David Persuitte: Like The Book of Mormon , The Book of Abraham was the product of an j'essaie meaning eclectic mind and reflects the beliefs and literature of Joseph’s own time. Moreover, as we shall see, recent findings about interview person essay, The Book of Abraham provide some rather revealing testimony about Joseph’s ability as a translator of unknown languages. If Smith did not know how to translate the Book of Abraham, a text that is available today, how should the Book of j'essaie meaning, Mormon be perceived today? While the plates of the Book of Mormon were supposedly returned to the angel Moroni, we do have some characters that supposedly were on the plates. A paper with these characters was delivered to Dr. Anthon Lund by Martin Harris. According to Persuitte, Competent philologist have examined copies of the scrap of paper containing the characters, and interview person essay they agree that it is not an Egyptian inscription and meaning that it is not written in any other known script. . The Film Essay! . . Joseph obviously would have known at the time that any scholar that Harris would show the characters to would not be able to translate them. J'essaie Meaning! ( Joseph Smith and the Origins of the Book of Mormon , p. 73.) As Marquardt points out,
This places the question of how reliable his work on the Book of Mormon would be. On Exhibition Of Books! The Book of Mormon is represented to j'essaie meaning, have been written by the hand of english level, a man named Mormon in a form of Egyptian. Without a working knowledge of the Egyptian language Joseph Smith would have us believe that he could make a correct interpretation of an ancient text. Whatever would come from his mouth as he dictated the meaning, Book of Mormon, Egyptian Alphabet, and Book of Abraham was considered inspired. All indications are that since Smith did not really translate from an ancient language in on exhibition of books, his work on the Book of Abraham he could not be trusted in his earlier dictation, when he reportedly had a record written in the same basic language. The material he produced indicates that he had a vivid and creative imagination as the dictated text to his religious documents shows. ( The Rise of Mormonism: 1816-1844 , 408) The book of Abraham speaks disapprovingly of j'essaie, human sacrifice offered on an altar in Chaldea. Some victims were placed on the altar as sacrifices because they rejected the idols worshipped by their leaders. Recent scholarship has found instances of such punishment dating to Abraham’s time. People who challenged the standing religious order, either in stalin leadership essay, Egypt or in the regions over which it had influence (such as Canaan), could and did suffer execution for their offenses. The conflict over the religion of Pharaoh, as described in Abraham 1:11–12, is an example of punishment now known to have been meted out during the meaning, Abrahamic era.
Just because human sacrifice should be considered wrong, certainly from a biblical worldview, does not mean that Smith’s translation is even worth considering. The book of Abraham contains other details that are consistent with modern discoveries about the ancient world. The book speaks of “the plain of Olishem,” a name not mentioned in the film, the Bible. An ancient inscription, not discovered and translated until the 20th century, mentions a town called “Ulisum,” located in northwestern Syria. Further, Abraham 3:22–23 is written in a poetic structure more characteristic of Near Eastern languages than early American writing style. Abraham 3:22-23 has nothing to do with the Near East. It borrows an idea found in j'essaie, Jeremiah 1:5 (“Abraham, thou art one of them; thou wast chosen before thou wast born”). Contrary to the Bible and joseph leadership the Book of Mormon, the j'essaie, Book of Abraham advocates an ex materia creation (out of already exiting materials).
Joseph Smith’s explanations of the facsimiles of the book of Abraham contain additional earmarks of the ancient world. Facsimile 1 and Abraham 1:17 mention the idolatrous god Elkenah. “Elkanah” is plagiarized from the Bible (1 Samuel 1:1; 1 Chronicles 6:23-27, 34-38) and resume of mcse is not unique to the Book of meaning, Abraham. Another example of plagiarism from the resume of mcse, pen of Joseph Smith. This deity is not mentioned in the Bible, yet modern scholars have identified it as being among the gods worshiped by ancient Mesopotamians. Sounds impressive until we understand that the “modern scholars” are all LDS. J'essaie! The footnote to this sentence reads: Kevin L. Barney, “On Elkenah as Canaanite El,” Journal of the Book of Mormon and Other Restoration Scripture 19, no.
1 (2010): 22–35, available at maxwellinstitute.byu.edu; John Gee and Stephen D. Ricks, “Historical Plausibility: The Historicity of the Book of Abraham as a Case Study,” in paper, Historicity and the Latter-day Saint Scriptures, ed. Paul Y. Hoskisson (Provo, UT: Religious Studies Center, Brigham Young University, 2001), 75. Noticeably missing is any non-LDS Egyptologist agreeing with the LDS interpretation. Joseph Smith represented the four figures in figure 6 of facsimile 2 as “this earth in its four quarters.” A similar interpretation has been argued by scholars who study identical figures in other ancient Egyptian texts. Facsimile 1 contains a crocodile deity swimming in j'essaie, what Joseph Smith called “the firmament over our heads.” This interpretation makes sense in light of scholarship that identifies Egyptian conceptions of heaven with “a heavenly ocean.” The sources, again, are all LDS. No Egyptologist supports such a view. The book of Abraham is consistent with various details found in nonbiblical stories about Abraham that circulated in the ancient world around the time the papyri were likely created. In the book of Abraham, God teaches Abraham about the sun, the coursework, moon, and the stars. “I show these things unto thee before ye go into Egypt,” the Lord says, “that ye may declare all these words.” Ancient texts repeatedly refer to Abraham instructing the Egyptians in knowledge of the heavens. For example, Eupolemus, who lived under Egyptian rule in the second century B.C.E., wrote that Abraham taught astronomy and other sciences to the Egyptian priests.
A third-century papyrus from an j'essaie Egyptian temple library connects Abraham with an on exhibition of books illustration similar to facsimile 1 in the book of Abraham. A later Egyptian text, discovered in the 20th century, tells how the j'essaie, Pharaoh tried to sacrifice Abraham, only to the film essay, be foiled when Abraham was delivered by an angel. Later, according to this text, Abraham taught members of the Pharaoh’s court through astronomy. All these details are found in the book of Abraham. Other details in the book of Abraham are found in ancient traditions located across the Near East. These include Terah, Abraham’s father, being an j'essaie idolator; a famine striking Abraham’s homeland; Abraham’s familiarity with Egyptian idols; and Abraham’s being younger than 75 years old when he left Haran, as the biblical account states.
Some of these extrabiblical elements were available in apocryphal books or biblical commentaries in Joseph Smith’s lifetime, but others were confined to nonbiblical traditions inaccessible or unknown to 19th-century Americans. Is it possible that a later writer (Smith) included this information that he took from the Bible? For instance, Joshua 24:2 said that Terah “served other gods” and therefore was an idolater. Resume Of Mcse! Smith was able to copy this into his “translation.” In fact, the “translator” (Joseph Smith) is able to j'essaie, use any information he wants while adding additional details and make it look like he knew what he was talking about. The veracity and value of the book of Abraham cannot be settled by scholarly debate concerning the book’s translation and historicity. The book’s status as scripture lies in the eternal truths it teaches and the powerful spirit it conveys. The book of Abraham imparts profound truths about the nature of God, His relationship to us as His children, and the film the purpose of j'essaie meaning, this mortal life.
The truth of the book of joseph stalin, Abraham is ultimately found through careful study of its teachings, sincere prayer, and the confirmation of the Spirit. Once more, we’re left with the meaning, “faith” card. As Robert Ritner pointed out in his “A Response to ‘Translation. . Resume Of Mcse! . of the meaning, Book of Abraham,'” Such a declaration [that the coursework, veracity of the Book of Abraham is to be found in prayer] may seem reasonable to those already predisposed to accept it, but on closer reading, the LDS church posting suggests discomfort with its own conclusions and reasoning. Not a single opposing scholar is mentioned by name, nor are there reasons for j'essaie meaning, rejecting the resume of mcse, Book of Abraham. Yet the LDS paper attempts to engage in scholarly debate from a one-sided position, repeatedly citing in the footnotes the same limited set of meaning, apologists who are primarily church employees at BYU in research paper, Provo. Everyone is free to believe that Joseph Smith had the ability to translate from the papyri There is, however, absolutely no “veracity and value of the book of j'essaie, Abraham.” The evidence points against the claim that he did so.
Much is at stake here for the LDS Church and her apologists. If Smith did not have the academic ability to properly “translate” a common piece of Egyptian funerary papyrus, it would be doubtful that he had the stalin leadership, translating ability to decipher the “reformed Egyptian” supposedly contained in the Book of Mormon . Meaning! What Charles Larson wrote in 1985 is resume of mcse, true still today: The message coming from LDS spokesmen today appears to j'essaie, be more and more one of accommodation: If facts fail to justify faith (what one wishes to believe), then faith should overrule facts . This sort of thinking is evasive, and must be set aside if any real reckoning with the facts is to take place. ( By His Own Hands Upon Papyrus , 169, 171) The discovery of the papyri that Smith used for the Book of Abraham puts serious doubt on Smith’s translating ability and his claim to being a prophet. As Larson puts it, Since the Joseph Smith Papyri have been identified with absolute certainty as prayers to students, pagan Egyptian gods, it is inconceivable, given God’s holy nature and character as revealed throughout the Bible, that He would associate Himself or His revelation in any way with these pagan religious documents.
Regardless of which of the above views of the Book of Abraham one holds, it is surely inconceivable that the God of the Bible would compromise his exclusivity as the one, true God by co-mingling His revelation with the idolatrous pagan teachings and meaning rites of Egypt as expressed in interview with an older, the Joseph Smith Papyri. ( By His Own Hand Upon Papyrus , 166) I agree with Sandra Tanner of Utah Lighthouse Ministry when she states, “It is time for the LDS Church to meaning, decanonize the Book of Abraham and admit that it is a product of Joseph Smith’s imagination.” ( Salt Lake City Messenger , October 2014, Issue 123) Come clean now. The sooner, the better. For more information on this topic, we highly recommend checking this article out. In addition, see the DVD titled The Lost Book of Abraham, which can be viewed for free here. Coursework! (Highly recommended.) The article by meaning Robert Ritner is also worth looking at here. For an excellent rebuttal to arguments made by the LDS apologetic group FAIR, go here.
Books that discuss this topic include: For more responses to resume of mcse, the Gospel Topics Essays, click here.
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FR: j'essaie / j'essaye - conjugaison …
6 Things Attorneys and Law Students Need to Remove from j'essaie Their Resumes ASAP If They Want to on exhibition Get Jobs with the Most Prestigious Law Firms. At the highest levels, legal recruiters put an incredible amount of j'essaie thought into how you are perceived. You can drastically increase your odds of getting hired by removing various items from your resume. Outline For Elementary Students. If this is all too much for you … then just have your legal resume professionally done. See Attorney Resume. J'essaie. If you submit your resume here, I will review it and of books give you some feedback. Overview. With a resume, you are applying to be a firm#39;s employee and j'essaie meaning go to work for paper for elementary them. Your resume is essentially an meaning, application. Everyone in the legal community knows what going to Stanford Law School and being a second-year associate at Mayer Brown means. Everyone in the legal community knows what going to University of Chicago and spending eight years at Kirkland Ellis means.
If you are in law school and looking for your first job, everyone knows what going to Duke for college and being in the top half of your class at Columbia Law School means. While I hate to be so generic, this is really (for the most part), the joseph leadership most important information for j'essaie large law firms hiring laterally or hiring people out of gladiator essay law school. Everything else on j'essaie your resume presents a giant opportunity for you to mess up. The most important thing most big firm attorneys can do is the film essay, strip down (and not puff up) their resumes . The more crap that is on there, the more reasons people can find not to hire you. If you take one thing from this article, you need to understand that.
Most large law firms do not like people who try to stick out. J'essaie Meaning. In their experience, these people can be problems: they will leave if they do not get lots of praise, may turn on the firm and undermine morale, are likely to seek unnecessary attention from clients (and may even try and steal them), and resume of mcse are most likely to j'essaie leave if something better comes along. Resume Of Mcse. Being in a large law firm requires a lot of selflessness: You need to j'essaie meaning let partners, senior associates and others take credit for your hard work. You need to put in time before large rewards come. You need to be working for of books the team and the group and not just your own self-interests. You need to j'essaie be motivated to work hard even when there is leadership essay, no immediate benefit. You need to stay with the j'essaie meaning law firm when things are bad and english coursework level not leave at the first signs of trouble. If your resume gives any indication to law firms that you are anything other than a soldier, you are going to look like an asshole and meaning will have a difficult time getting hired. It is not about you. It is essay of books, never about meaning, you. The Film Gladiator. It is j'essaie meaning, about the employer.
1. Too Many Personal Details. Avid hunter and outdoorsman. Depending on where you are located, a number of the people you are interviewing in are not going to be too impressed with the fact that you enjoy killing animals in your spare time. This is not a good idea. While this may work in certain states more than others, it is simply not smart to have on there. If you piss off just one interviewer, this will harm you.
Member of the First Baptist Church. Nothing wrong with being part of resume of mcse a church. However, if you are interviewing with a law firm in a large city, the odds are pretty good you will be interviewing with gays, Jews and people of various religions and backgrounds. Broadcasting that you are part of j'essaie meaning a particular religion is not a good idea. Member of the essay gay law students association.
There is nothing wrong with being gay (and proud of it!) but you need to understand that many people in law firms may have very conservative views about j'essaie meaning, sexual orientation. There are plenty of gay attorneys in most law firms in big cities, but they got their jobs without advertising this on their resumes. There are people in every law firm that have prejudices against an older person essay, gays. Why would you put this on your resume? Member of the Black Law Students Association. Sadly, many law schools and recruiters urge people to j'essaie put their race on their resumes so they will be more likely to be hired. On Exhibition Of Books. Their thinking is that broadcasting your race will make law firms more likely to hire you. What if the firm has recently been sued for racial discrimination? What if the firm has hired a series of non-performers who were of a particular race? Your objective is to get a job.
My experience has shown: If I send out two equally qualified attorneys who are black (same practice area, caliber of law schools and law firms), and j'essaie meaning one has a bunch of stuff about with an older person essay, their race on their resume and the other does not, the person without the j'essaie racial information is more likely to get interviewed and hired. Discrimination? Maybe. The Film Essay. Or, it could just be that the meaning law firm does not like the person playing the race card to try and get a leg up on essay the competition. Alternatively, interviewers want to feel the j'essaie person got hired on their merits and not because the resume advertised their race. Member of the resume of mcse Muslim Law Students Association.
Same logic as above. Why put something on j'essaie meaning your resume that is going to possibly alienate others? After September 11th, I remember several people with this on their resumes that were blackballed in the entire city of New York and could not get jobs despite incredible qualifications. Obviously, there was discrimination going on there, but it would be insane to on exhibition of books leave this on your resume. Member of the Jewish Law Students Association. Anything that can alienate others should be removed from your resume. Missionary for two years (LDS) in Brazil. Do Mormons approve of gays? Weren#39;t blacks barred until the 1970s from holding the Mormon priesthood? You get the idea.
Why risk alienating others? Married mother of three. Married? You are gorgeous but not that qualified. Meaning. I#39;m moving on. I spend my life in this office and am looking for english coursework a potential mate to j'essaie be my associate! Never a good idea to put this on your resume.
Don#39;t kill the messenger here (this is just how many attorneys think). Three kids? Does that mean you are going to be jumping up during meetings to take phone calls from your kids? Does that mean that that you are going to miss work when they get sick? What if you cannot find childcare? Creative email address. While I have taken a bit of liberty here, I#39;ve seen some emails like this in the recent past: email@example.com, firstname.lastname@example.org, email@example.com . I#39;m not kidding.
These are more common than you think. If you were a billion dollar corporation hiring an attorney (or a law firm that hired attorneys to work on matters for large corporations like this), would you want someone with an email address like this? Leave this stuff off of your resume. No one wants to see it. Make sure your personal email address is professional. Your work email address. Paper For Elementary. This is very common. J'essaie Meaning. Really? You want us to communicate with you at your work email address?
What this says is leadership essay, pretty simple: c. I must not respect my employer very much. d. I must not be very loyal. e. I must not care what my employer thinks of me. f. J'essaie Meaning. I do not care if my employer learns I am looking for a job on paper for elementary students their time. g. Maybe I was fired and meaning my employer knows I am looking which is why I don#39;t care (hey, I#39;m bad at my job anyway!) h. I will do the on exhibition same to you if you hire me! An email address like Harvard.edu, Stanford.edu, UChicago.edu, Princeton.edu, Yale.edu. J'essaie Meaning. You went to a prestigious college or law school! Good for you! What have you done since then? Do you think you need to advertise what a great school you went to? I went to leadership essay Ohio State you arrogant asshole!
Get a Gmail or similar personal email address. There are people everywhere that use their law schools or colleges as a badge of superiority, and it pisses a lot of meaning people off who do not have the same credentials. Many people in large law firms grew up poor and worked very hard to get into prestigious state schools that their parents could afford and then worked very hard once they were in college. Princeton? Are you kidding? 2. Irrelevant Work Experience and Education. Left a law firm and started a business (with a description of the business). On Exhibition. You started a business and failed? Sorry, our law firm does not hire people who fail. What#39;s wrong? You did not like practicing law?
You think you are better than us? People leave law firms all the time to j'essaie meaning start businesses and stalin leadership want to come back. It is rare that large law firms will ever welcome these attorneys. Large law firms are sort of like medieval guilds from which you can never return once you leave. The biggest issue with leaving a large law firm is that, in j'essaie meaning, almost 100% of the cases, the person who leaves to start his own business will do so again and be plotting their escape from the second they step back in the film essay, the door. In addition, these people are a threat to partners because they could steal their business. These attorneys are rarely hired. This telegraphs a lack of meaning deferring your wants to a group as well as other issues. HOW TO TELL IF YOU ARE MORE OF AN ENTREPRENEUR THAN AN ATTORNEY: I know a guy that makes over $500,000 a year (in cash) washing windows in paper for elementary, a suburb outside of Detroit.
He has been doing this for decades. He has two pickup trucks and meaning about $1,000 in essay of books, equipment (4 or 5 ladders, some rags, squeegees and buckets). He hires people for $10 an hour to go to homes to clean windows during the spring and j'essaie fall. He works about six months a year. The Film Essay. Would you rather do this or work as an attorney for $180,000 a year?
Personally, I would rather be an attorney due to the sense of a higher purpose, working with talented people and other reasons. Many people would rather run the meaning window washing business. Gladiator Essay. If this is you, you are far more of an entrepreneur than an attorney. Took business courses while at a law firm and meaning got a certificate. Resume Of Mcse. Wait a minute.
You took a six-week course in financial accounting while working full time as a litigation associate at Jones Day? Are you serious? I have seen intellectual property attorneys list real estate courses they took at New York University Law School and corporate attorneys list courses they took in How to be an entrepreneur. J'essaie Meaning. Anything that shows a lack of resume of mcse commitment to meaning being an attorney should not be on there. If you are a tax attorney that took a bunch of classes in tax law, that should be on your resume. Resume Of Mcse. Just do not put anything on j'essaie there that is likely to detract from showing your commitment to being an attorney. Too much emphasis on research paper students what you did as an undergraduate. You were in a fraternity? You must be the type of person who made it difficult for me to sleep when you were partying all night while I was trying to meaning get good grades in college.
If you played a varsity sport in essay, college, or were president of some non-polarizing student organization (think CHESS CLUB and not REPUBLICANS AGAINST ABORTION) then it is fine to have this on your resume. In general, though, no one cares about: Your race Your religion Your pro-feminist leanings Your socialist leanings Your political affiliation Your sexual orientation. Why on earth would you put any club, organization or other information on your resume that would force an interviewer to j'essaie choose sides? Wars, protests and killings occur due to gladiator peoples#39; passion for one religion, political affiliation and other organizations. Leave this off your resume.
Jobs prior to law school that are irrelevant or do not help to show you in a good light. If you worked for j'essaie meaning three years at stalin leadership essay, a top American accounting firm, law firm, or investment bank prior to j'essaie law school, this is good. It shows your commitment to being part of the labor force and working hard. If you worked as a waiter, nanny, or some other less-than-serious job, this is unlikely to coursework level impress employers. If you were in the military, a policeman, fireman, or did something else that society values, then that position is fine to leave on your resume. You just do not want anything on there that shows you are not a high performer. Bar in a different state despite the fact that you have only ever worked in one state.
Many attorneys take the bar exam in j'essaie meaning, the state they are from and where they are working. Someone from California working in New York may take the California Bar Exam in addition to resume of mcse the New York Bar Exam. Someone in Chicago may take the bar exam in Florida. This does not help you. Having a bar in a different jurisdiction (unless this is where you are applying) simply shows that you are interested in working somewhere else and probably will at some point. J'essaie Meaning. Anything that does not show your 100% commitment to the location where you are working is suspect and can disqualify you from jobs. Take this off your resume. Parenting time between jobs. Women sometimes take years off between jobs.
In the experience of 95% of legal employers, if a woman takes more than a year off, she is (1) unlikely to help level come back to the workforce for j'essaie meaning long, or (2) is paper outline for elementary, likely to jump around to jobs seeking less and less accountability when she does come back. Law firms want people who are 100% committed and willing to work hard. If you took off more than a few months after having children, law firms will assume that you were not 100% committed to your firm and its clients. Your class rank and grade point average (unless it is extraordinary) . Many attorneys are proud to j'essaie meaning have graduated in the top half of their class or earned a 3.0 grade point average. Stalin Leadership Essay. The problem with doing something like this is that it draws attention to meaning the fact that you were nowhere near the the film gladiator essay best. Meaning. Why on interview with earth would a large law firm hire you if you are not the best? RULES FOR WHEN TO LIST CLASS RANK AND GRADE POINT AVERAGE ON RESUME.
Top 10 law school: If you were in meaning, the top 20% this is fine. I still do not recommend this, though. If you were in the top 10%, I recommend this. Top 11-25 law school: Top 10% and above is OK. I recommend this, though, in the top 5% only. Second-tier law school: Top 5%. Third-tier law school: Top 5%. Fourth-tier: Only list if you were #1 through #5 in your class. Skills that everyone should have as an attorney. You are being paid to analyze complex legal matters as an attorney. Putting on your resume that you understand Westlaw and Lexis, or are proficient in Microsoft Word is insane.
I see this every day, however. Please get this off your resume. You make yourself look really stupid when you list this on your resume. The Film Gladiator Essay. If you are a person with a high school education applying to work in meaning, a records room, this is essay, fine. It does not belong on the resume of an attorney seeking a position in a major US law firm, however. Grades in law school classes (or worse yet, college classes). This is something I see all the time too. No one cares. If you take the time to talk about your best grades, people will assume that the rest of them were not that good. Leave this off. It makes you look like you are not big firm material.
Classes you took in law school. J'essaie. No one cares about this either. The Film Gladiator Essay. If you list this, you look weak as well. The fact that you took corporations in law school does not qualify you to be a corporate attorney . J'essaie Meaning. Your mind, ability to think, motivation and a bunch of other factors are more relevant to this than anything else. Titles of papers and theses that you wrote in joseph leadership, college or law school that show anything other than your commitment to practicing law.
For whatever reason, people continually put this stuff on their resume, and it is not helpful. If you are a patent attorney and wrote about something science-related that#39;s great; however, for the most part, looking like an meaning, intellectual is not the resume of mcse smartest thing you can do. With the exception of appellate attorneys, most attorneys are not that intellectual and are expected to j'essaie reach conclusions in a direct way without massive analysis. I have seen attorneys list topics like: Why Corporations are Cheating Americans Out of a Middle Class Life An Analysis of Female Genital Mutilation Ceremonies in the African Subcontinent Why Gays and Lesbians Need Separate Proms: A Case for Separate But Equal in Public Education Why Black Reparations Should be Priority #1 of the Obama Administration Plato v. Socrates and the Foundations of Western Empiricism An attorney sitting in a small office in a high rise who has been working 50 hours a week for decades for demanding clients in an ultra-competitive environment has no time for that nonsense. An Older Essay. If you are sitting around writing that sort of j'essaie stuff while he is resume of mcse, proofreading a 200-page stock prospectus for j'essaie meaning the eighth time at 2:00 a.m. on Sunday morning, you are not going to identify with him.
He also does not have much time for people with these sorts of interests. In addition, why are you interested in this crap anyway? A ridiculous regurgitation of stuff everyone in your position does. There are certain things every litigator does (respond to discovery, conduct legal research, write memos, draft motions, draft discovery and coursework help level review documents). Putting this on your resume makes you look like a moron. Get it off there! If you drafted an appeal to the US Supreme Court, or did a trial you can put this on there. Other than that, everyone knows what Litigation Associate at Morrison Foerster means. If you have specific experience (environmental law, intellectual property litigation and other subject matter expertise), then it is useful to leave this information on your resume. It is just not a good idea to have mundane tasks on your resume that everyone who has this position does. Meaning. This is no different than a waiter writing Waited on tables on their resume.
Use of essay on exhibition colors and j'essaie meaning fancy/unusual fonts. For some people, their resume becomes an art project. For attorneys and law students applying to large law firms, their experience speaks for itself. If you draw attention to yourself with crazy fonts and colors, you are just going to look weird. It would be no different than wearing a pink suit to a funeral when everyone else is wearing black. You are applying to work in person essay, a giant law firm and be part of a group of j'essaie meaning people who are (1) conforming, (2) working together and (3) basically pretty dry. English Coursework Help Level. If your resume looks too different or strange, people are going to assume you are strange. You do not want to look strange. Your objective is to get a job. Listing words for HR software on the top of the resume. Meaning. Someone out there is essay, telling attorneys to meaning do this.
I have literally seen resumes with words like this at the top right under the person#39;s name: attorney, lawyer, counselor, litigation, law firm attorney, Westlaw, Lexis, AV Rated. For Elementary. Huh. If you are the one doing this to j'essaie legal resumes, PLEASE STOP! You are doing incredible amounts of interview with an older person essay damage to good people. Putting your objective on the resume. Meaning. This one confuses me so much.
Let me make something clear: Most law firms where the average partner makes over $1 million a year ASSUME that everyone wants to resume of mcse work there. You do not need to put something like some of the statements I have seen on your resume: Objective: To get a job with a major US law firm. J'essaie Meaning. Objective: To work at interview an older person, an international law firm with a strong patent practice. Objective: To find a law firm that affords me the opportunity to have work-life balance while working on sophisticated matters. Shut up! No one cares what your objective is. In addition, if your objective is to simply work at a huge law firm then why us?
Your resume should get you in meaning, the door and then allow you to make your case. Level. No giant law firm is going to hire you with this crap on your resume. If you are applying for a high-paying and meaning demanding job with a giant law firm, that is your objective. Joseph Stalin. Do not waste space on your resume with this. Putting References Available upon Request on j'essaie meaning the resume. Gladiator Essay. Are you kidding?
If you are interviewing for a $250,000 a year job (or one with the j'essaie potential to pay that much in a few years), you better believe you will need references. The law firm is likely to review all of your social media profiles, run a light background check and students find out meaning, what they can about you before ever hiring you (and some cases even before bringing you in resume of mcse, the door for an interview). You better believe you will need references. Do not waste any law firm#39;s time putting this on your resume. In addition, it sounds pretty presumptuous. Putting a summary of yourself on j'essaie meaning your resume. Here are some that come to mind I#39;ve seen recently: Ivy league-educated corporate attorney currently practicing at research, the law firm ranked as the 32nd largest in the world.
Fearsome, aggressive and tenacious litigator able to j'essaie meaning bond easily with clients and opposing counsel. (This was a first-year attorney.) Great! Again, no one cares. Is that how you see yourself: Ivy league-educated? Most of our attorneys went to the University of Minnesota. You sound like a pompous asshole! Our law firm is interview person, not even in the top 200 largest law firms. Is that all that matters to you? Why are you applying here? Patent Attorneys.
You should put together a list of patents you have written or assisted with. You should always have this second page attached. Long, professional scientific resumes (a second resume) are also sometimes requested by meaning law firms. Corporate and essay Real Estate Attorneys. Deals and transactions you have worked on (with names of j'essaie clients omitted). You can send this regardless of resume of mcse whether it is j'essaie meaning, asked for (and should). Litigators. On Exhibition Of Books. Many law firms will ask for writing samples. Meaning. Copies of research for elementary briefs you have signed that you are proud of are fine to j'essaie send (when asked). Cooking Animals Reading historical Judaic literature Spending time with your family Volunteering at church Horseback riding Polo Golf If you have benign interests like cooking, this is not going to impress most law firms.
In general, I recommend leaving your interests off. You should generally only have interests on interview an older person essay your resume that are relevant to the job. Otherwise, leave them off. Using giant words that not everyone knows. Attorneys are paid to communicate clearly and concisely. Judges, corporations and others that they are dealing with are not interested in hearing words that draw attention to the attorney and away from whatever the meaning issue is. Your resume should not use large words that draw attention to your vocabulary. Essay. No one cares.
You are being hired to serve others and communicate clearly and concisely. Using adjectives to describe yourself. Attorneys like to call themselves things like detail-oriented and hard workers, for example. You need to j'essaie meaning keep in mind that when you are applying for jobs where the upper income bracket could be over $1 million, and you have an outside shot at this, any positive adjective you could possibly use (outside the box thinker… blah, blah, blah …) is already assumed. You are competing with the best. Do you think a professional boxer would have a resume that describes him as aggressive, motivated and stalin essay hard hitting? If someone is meaning, getting in the ring and english help getting beat up and beating others up, this is assumed. Don#39;t weaken your profile with the use of a bunch of j'essaie meaning adjectives. Too many words. Many attorneys love to write and talk.
No one wants to read a long diatribe of a resume that goes into unnecessary detail about you in a ton of words. If you have to resume of mcse say a lot, many attorneys will assume that something is wrong with you. You need to communicate in your resume with brevity and make it easy for people to read and understand. You also do not want to j'essaie use a lot of paper for elementary students words in your resume when you could say the same thing in fewer words. Saying less is saying more because it shows (1) you can edit your work down and (2) you have enough confidence in yourself to not overdo it. Including testimonials in the body of your resume. Quotes from superiors and meaning others should not go in your resume. Quotes from gladiator essay reviews often go in peoples#39; resumes as well. Not a good idea. This makes you look desperate for attention. The most confident attorneys have strength that comes from within and are not dependent on j'essaie others for their validation.
Using words the wrong way (or misspelling them). Your resume is outline for elementary students, no different than a legal brief, a corporate document, or a patent. A mistake in meaning, it could be very serious and literally cost you interviews and jobs. Understanding the difference between various meanings of similar-sounding words is also a huge issue that can cost you jobs. Here are some of the biggest screw-ups I see that have hurt attorneys (that are never caught by spell-checkers and make you look dumb): Learn the difference between Principal and Principle Learn the difference between Discreet and Discrete Learn the difference between Precede and Proceed Learn the difference between Insure and Ensure Learn the difference between Adverse and Averse Learn the difference between Eager and Anxious Learn the difference between Affect and Effect Learn the essay on exhibition of books difference between Criteria and Criterion Spelling errors. Even more serious are spelling errors. Meaning. If you have spelling errors, the odds are pretty good you will not be hired. Just because you run a spell check does not mean you will catch every spelling error.
Omitting exact dates. You need the month and year, not just the year. Attorneys who were at a job a few months, or lost a job for one reason or another, like to put in years for employment dates rather than months and resume of mcse the year. Attorney interviewers are smart and j'essaie meaning will generally ZOOM IN on this information and find out why the attorney did this. They will always assume the resume of mcse worst ! If you worked at j'essaie meaning, some place for a short time, that is fine.
You do not need to cover it up. Trying to research outline for elementary students hide something makes you look weak and sneaky and could cost you a job. Inappropriate dates. On a weekly basis, I see the following: Attorneys with dates on j'essaie meaning their resumes indicating they started as an associate at a major law firm a decade before they even graduated from law school. Attorneys who have the same date for two different jobs. Attorneys where the resume of mcse dates indicate they graduated from law school before college. You get the idea. Meaning. This needs to on exhibition stop! Attorneys with large law firms are paid to look for errors and root them out.
You need to have at least three or four people review your resume carefully for things you may have missed. Meaning. Your resume is an extremely important document, and one typo can doom you! 5. Lying or Exaggerating on Your Resume. If you lie about your hours billed at your previous firm, you will generally not be fired because your former employer will not cooperate with another firm in joseph stalin essay, disclosing this information. J'essaie Meaning. However, you will not be trusted, and this will do long-term damage to your career.
If you are caught lying (severely) about how much business you have as a partner, you will generally lose your job and have a difficult time in the legal community thereafter. If you lie about why you left your existing position, you will in english help, almost all likelihood not lose your job, and j'essaie meaning your reputation will not suffer too much. Essay. In some cases, though, the j'essaie firm may go ballistic. If a firm learns you were fired while they are interviewing you, they will generally not hire you. Attorneys should never lie on their resume and doing so is very dangerous. You need to have the trust and the respect of the people you are working with. 6. Saying Anything Negative About Any Former Employer. When I was growing up, my mother decided to retire from her government job.
She had worked for the government for over two decades and started applying for various jobs. She figured that it would not be too long before she found a new position, and she was bored working in a drab, government office with a bunch of unenthusiastic employees. She took a course on resume construction. She hired an person, expert to meaning advise her on her resume. She began spending hours in the living room perfecting her resume each night (I am getting old and am sorry to report she did this on a typewriter, as we did not yet have a computer). The completed resume was several pages long and interview essay had all sorts of action verbs and other aspects to it that described her limited experience in one organization in incredible terms.
The completed resume contained: Tons of bullets, large words, massive amounts of meaning formatting, things she had done decades ago, and, all sorts of outline students irrelevant information. Her resume could easily have been one page. It did not need to have all this detail. J'essaie Meaning. It would take a person an hour to go through it and fully understand it. English Coursework Help. What do you think are the most important things attorneys and j'essaie law students should include in their resumes to get top law firm jobs? Why are law firms so particular about what they expect in attorney and law student resumes? CURIOUS ABOUT COVER LETTERS?
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Example Executive Resumes Other Career Marketing Documents. This client had achieved the pinnacle of success in j'essaie a niche of the financial services industry and resume of mcse, had grown somewhat bored and ready for a new challenge. With new corporate leadership in place, he felt the winds of change coming and wanted to leave on his own terms and at the top of j'essaie meaning, his game. Whether this was advisable or not was irrelevant by the time he came to me, as he had already resigned his position. His goal was to find a position that would challenge him, and was particularly enthusiastic about the prospect of building another niche player into research paper for elementary students, a market leader. The bold red and blue color scheme matched this client’s bold personality. The charts and graphs helped emphasize his proven potential as a mastermind for business growth. This client also had uncommon, value-add experience in the public sector and meaning, maintained a strong professional network of former colleagues and contacts in Washington D.C. Considering that he worked within a highly regulated industry, he had leveraged this experience in his prior positions and help, we wanted to call attention to it in his resume even though it was from meaning, quite some time ago. We decided to include it but leave it undated.
IT and Telecommunications Solutions Executive Resume. The client had three possible goals with this resume. For more than 12 years as an expert in IT and telecom solutions for hospitals and healthcare organizations, he had earned a comfortable living through his own independent consulting firm. However, he was concerned that the joseph, industry was changing and that he may need to adapt his approach in order to continue to prosper in his specialty. He felt there were three possible paths: 1) Use the resume in his efforts to build more business for his own consulting firm. 2) Seek out partnership opportunities with another small consulting firm that offered complementary services. 3) Be employed by a larger consulting firm and j'essaie meaning, given charge of essay, a practice area. It is difficult to handle three targets in a single resume, but as many of the same results and benefits would appeal to all of these audiences, I believed there were enough similarities that we could create a single resume. The first page provides an overview and summary of the client’s skills and qualifications, along with some of the j'essaie, big-picture benefits he produces for clients.
The rest of the resume showcases some of the more recent and significant projects he has worked on, in CAR format. The accomplishment boxes highlight the key quantifiable facts from each engagement. The client’s earlier experience was included to english help illustrate the breadth of his skills, which are applicable to j'essaie industries other than healthcare, although the interview with an older, client had chosen to pursue expertise in that narrow niche. Chief Medical Officer - Executive-level Medical Resume. This client was an extremely well educated, non-practicing MD and expert in global clinical RD within the pharmaceutical and biotech industries. He came to me with an extremely lengthy and detailed CV that he had been trying to meaning use in the corporate world, with little success. It took some extensive consulting with the english coursework help level, client to meaning get him to think about his work in terms of results and benefits—especially results or benefits that we could quantify. He simply wasn’t used to thinking about his work in these terms and this was further complicated by the fact that it truly was difficult to quantify many of joseph stalin essay, his accomplishments.
Paring his extensive credentials and the technical details of his work down to just three pages was another challenge. The resulting resume was well worth it. The structure, formatting, and j'essaie meaning, design of the entire resume was created to with an older succinctly convey his many technical qualifications and make them as easy-to-read as possible at j'essaie meaning, just a glance. The highlights and the film essay, big-picture impact of his contributions at meaning, each company are set apart in english an eye-catching box. Notable highlights for j'essaie meaning, each are called out in a bulleted box. I created an addendum for details of essay of books, his many additional credentials, and I instructed the client to bring this with him as a leave-behind for interviews. Conservative design elements and coloring used in the resume help make it eye-appealing, but appropriate and j'essaie, acceptable to the target industry. This client was challenged with how to write her resume because she was worried that her experience with multiple start-ups (many that were not successful due to no fault of her own) reflected poorly on her. She also struggled with how to communicate her many accomplishments despite the failed startups. Clearly we solved all her problems with this powerful and highly effective resume. She was also in a field in the film gladiator which a CV was sometimes requested, but not often.
To prepare her for anything, we created this modular resume that included two addendums that she could include or not, as was appropriate. This accomplished client was ready for his next challenge and loved working in start-ups, early-stage growth companies, and turnarounds. This resume helped him accomplish his goals in record time. J'essaie! Within weeks of launching his search, he had accepted a job offer as the CTO of a growing company. Notice the technique used at the film gladiator essay, the end.
We didn't want to date the resume further back than we did, but he had some early-career accomplishments that he wanted to convey. The other experience section allowed us to do that without dating the meaning, resume too far back. What do you see that is unusual about the film, this resume? We had reasons not to want to make the meaning, dates on this resume too obvious, and yet experience that dated back further than 20 years was still relevant. Rather than listing the dates in a really obvious place, they are within the text of the on exhibition, resume. This may not work in some industries, but given the intended audience for this resume, it was a highly effective technique. Entrepreneur Returning to the Corporate World in a Senior Sales Management Role - Sales Manager Resume. Tammy Lawson was on track for a very successful sales management career when she decided to leave the world of meaning, traditional employment to purchase and resume of mcse, manage a franchise organization that was in distress and required turnaround. She was hugely successful in this endeavor and had built the company revenue more than $10 million over j'essaie meaning, the past decade. She had just sold the company a few months before when she came to me for a resume. While she had enjoyed the challenge of joseph stalin leadership essay, being her own boss, she yearned to go back to her sales management career, which was her passion.
However, she wasn’t sure how to meaning present this in a resume, as her most recent experience made her appear overqualified and drew attention away from her more relevant sales management experience. Her “ideal” job would include some aspect of sales training and mentoring as well, as this was something she loved doing and really excelled at, although none of resume of mcse, her previous job titles reflected it. The solution was a resume that was very strategically written to focus on her most relevant sales qualifications and to deemphasize the fact that she had been the meaning, owner and top executive of the with an older, franchise company. While we were meticulously honest in our description of her most recent experience, we were quite selective about what we included and which aspects of j'essaie meaning, her achievements we chose to focus on in order to stalin emphasize the aspects most likely to be relevant in her next position. A variety of graphics, charts, and graphs called attention to her most impressive accomplishments and areas of qualification. Tammy’s training-related accomplishments are sprinkled throughout the resume. Dr. J'essaie Meaning! James Agard was a European-trained MD and U.S.-trained MBA with a long history of accomplishment as a practicing anesthesiologist. While he was still a practicing physician, his career had taken a turn into executive management and he wanted to continue this, hoping to land a CEO role. He offered a very distinctive value proposition: the proven ability to transform medical operations into a unified, seamless, high-quality, and cost-optimized “value-based” sustainable system founded on common purpose, vision, and teamwork.
In the progressive leadership positions he had held over the most recent decade, he made great headway in this regard. We used a variety of joseph stalin leadership essay, charts, graphs, and callouts to meaning illustrate this very distinguishing value proposition throughout the resume. An Older! In particular, we illustrated Dr. Agard’s results in decreasing costs while simultaneously increasing quality of patient care, caseloads, and j'essaie meaning, overall revenue. When Dr. Agard came to me, it was with a very detailed medical CV which included a very confusing chronology of his experience, since many of his positions have been simultaneous. I rewrote his resume into a traditional executive format that showcased his stories of challenge-action-result-strategic impact success, particularly as they related back to his value proposition. The emphasis throughout is on interview an older person essay his leadership and management competencies, though his clinical highlights and medical credentials add essential credibility and are highlighted in j'essaie his summary profile. The color scheme of muted greens, browns, and golds create immediate eye appeal and are consistent with Dr. Interview An Older Essay! Agard’s conservative personality. Manufacturing Industry CEO Resume.
Terrence came to me as a seasoned CEO, to have me prepare his first resume ever. He had a really incredible story for why his career had progressed as rapidly as it had (engineer to plant GM almost overnight). J'essaie Meaning! As a young engineering professional, he was on a business trip and ended up talking with the man sitting next to him on essay on exhibition of books the plane. That man was the owner of a company that was troubled and losing money. J'essaie Meaning! They had a lengthy discussion in which Terrence offered a number of suggestions about how he would correct the problems and on exhibition of books, turn the business around. J'essaie! A couple of for elementary students, weeks later, the company owner called and recruited Terrence to meaning serve as GM of for elementary students, one of the most troubled plants. J'essaie! The hitch: he would receive NO salary until he turned it around. He quickly produced positive results and resume of mcse, was later promoted to president of the entire company, and then recruited to the CEO role he was in when he came to me. This story was touched on in the resume by noting that he had been personally recruited by the owner, but I used it more extensively in the letters and biography that I also prepared for j'essaie meaning, him. Resume Of Mcse! An excerpt from one of those letters:
Do you want to j'essaie be safe and good, or do you want to take a chance and be great? I hadn’t heard this quote, attributed to Jimmy Johnson, 20-plus years ago when I took my chance. The Film! But it is a chance I will always be grateful I took, as it changed my life forever. Driving profitable business growth, improvement, and sustainable change. Those are the themes that have been present throughout my career, but my opportunities to meaning really have an impact skyrocketed two decades ago, when by chance or fate I happened to essay strike up a conversation with the man sitting next to me on an airplane. At the time I was a young professional, not long out of j'essaie, college and beginning to establish myself in an engineering career. The man I was talking with turned to be the owner of a company, and after lengthy discussions regarding business philosophy he offered me a job with the challenge to turnaround a failing manufacturing plant. The catch? There would be zero pay until the plant was profitable. Of Books! As risky as it might have seemed, I had faith in my potential, and meaning, somewhere I found the courage to english coursework help level take the chance… Terrence’s personal brand and value proposition was all about j'essaie, driving growth and results through the creation of a cohesive company culture of “We.” We showcased this in his profile section, and I called out research for elementary a quote from meaning, him that I had jotted in my notes during my consultation with him.
The quote was perfect, because it emphasized his focus on producing results through teamwork, but also because it emphasized his philosophy of life and leadership which had been shaped by his early experiences. Again, we further drew this out in the other documents I prepared for him. Terrence had lots of successes and results. Coursework! The Executive Performance Snapshots call immediate attention to the overriding story of j'essaie, success and his strategic impact in each position while complementing his brand. Rather than letting the reader get lost in the film essay a sea of bullets, I used a graphic element on each page to illustrate some of his quantified achievements in a format that was quick and meaning, easy to scan. Stalin! The color scheme was selected to give the j'essaie, resume an resume of mcse understated elegance while adding the visual appeal that would ensure his resume stood out. Insurance Reinsurance Industry Executive. Sales Engineering Executive Resume.
Vice-President, Global Finance Manager Resume. Brianna was an interesting corporate finance executive. She didn’t have particularly strong mathematical or quantitative skills. Instead, for her it was all about understanding the underlying meaning of the numbers and j'essaie, how that meaning could be used to drive business strategy. As I interviewed her, her passion for this really shone through and she got really excited describing to me how the C-suite executives would come to her and she would help them understand the numbers and help them create strategy from paper for elementary students, them. Meaning! Without a doubt, this was the key to her personal brand and gladiator, unique value proposition and we emphasized it throughout her resume. The resume was slightly challenging in that Brianna had worked for the same, well-known company for meaning, many years. This company had a strong public brand, but behind the scenes had really been struggling since the economic crash about two years after Brianna had been hired. Resume Of Mcse! She had a really hard time communicating the specifics of her contributions to meaning me and she said just the fact that the joseph stalin, company was still alive indicated that. J'essaie! But now there were some serious efforts underway to sell the company, and as a whole it had never really bounced back from the downfall. After a lengthy conversation I was finally able to distill a number of specific achievements that balanced all of her contributions in regards to resume of mcse cuts, streamlining, and j'essaie, RIFs with a few stories of growth from when she was first hired and from some specific parts of the business that did grow.
The result was a really strong resume that clearly positions Brianna as a high-level strategic and finance advisor to the C-suite, but also as someone who is also able to produce results no matter what the research paper, situation: business growth or streamlining. The graphic used on the second page, with the meaning, plus and minus sign, complements this theme. Information Technology Executive Resume - U.S. Paper Outline For Elementary Students! Expatriate. Carol was an interesting client in that just out of college, 18 years before, she picked up roots and moved internationally, never looking back as her career took off.
Fast forward to the present and she was the mother of two school-aged children and really wanted to return to the U.S. We intentionally made her U.S. J'essaie Meaning! citizenship and desire for a return to the U.S. very, very clear in the header of her resume. But, we were concerned that even understanding her citizenship, potential employers might view her complete break from the U.S. negatively, so I wrote the the film essay, text of her resume to really emphasize how she was recruited and j'essaie meaning, promoted aggressively over the years, as a way to explain why she had stayed in joseph stalin leadership Ireland for meaning, so long. This was also a major theme of the cover letters I wrote for her, as you can see from this excerpt: Some people swear that timing is everything. On Exhibition Of Books! Others insist that successful people make their own luck. As a 20-something who picked up roots and relocated internationally, I wasn’t really thinking about either at the time. Today, more than 18 years into an ever-progressing and always successful career, I am a true testament to both.
Coming out of college with an M.B.A. and j'essaie, a computer science degree from of books, one of the most prestigious universities in the world, just as the dot.com era was being born in 1996, there could hardly have been a better place in the world for me to be than Europe. After all, as I’m sure you know, Ireland is j'essaie meaning, well known as a world-class hub for resume of mcse, high tech innovation and startups. As a talented, ambitious, creative, and j'essaie, pioneering system and software architect, designer, and developer I was aggressively recruited to work on a number of joseph stalin leadership, innovative and start-up technology initiatives and products. Recognized very early on for my leadership, I was sought out for team leadership roles in the first year of my career, a trend that has continued and accelerated since. Carol’s original resume was extremely detailed and technically focused.
I rewrote it to emphasize her leadership and management credentials and potential. Her major strengths included her unusually strong ability to clearly and deeply understand the issues at hand, cut through the clutter, and j'essaie, focus on the pivotal points most critical to success, creatively overcoming any obstacles on the path. These strengths drove her key value proposition: the proven ability to steer world-class product development organizations to increased competitive advantage and stronger sales, profits, and shareholder gains by leveraging innovation and maximizing quality and performance. Essay! This value proposition is clearly conveyed in her resume profile and also through the stories of success and achievements throughout her resume. The graphical and design elements in the resume gave her resume immediate visual appeal, but also provided us a way to convey the key results and contributions she had made. With a goal of meaning, highlighting the content of person essay, her resume rather than drawing the eye away to design elements alone, we chose a muted color scheme that clearly let her impressive achievements shine through. Senior Sales Manager Resume - Industry Career Change.
Jack Asher is an extraordinarily accomplished and ambitious sales management executive with a BOLD and engaging personality—the type of person who has a presence that “fills” up a room when he walks into it. His leadership style was equally. bold and highly effective, as evidenced by j'essaie the outstanding results he had produced consistently throughout his career. He had been in the insurance industry since the leadership essay, start of his career. Jack’s goal was to j'essaie meaning transfer his extraordinary sales management experience into a new industry. Essay! Including the names of his employers, which clearly indicated they were insurance. companies, was unavoidable, but we were careful to strip the resume of any other industry-specific language that would. pigeonhole him. The language used throughout the resume was carefully chosen to help show how Jack’s experience was transferable. The bold red and black color scheme and layout was selected to complement his personal brand and value proposition which was all about bold leadership of top-producing sales organizations.
The format allowed us to meaning call out and draw attention to the. major achievement at each company, while further illustrating his value proposition with many results-indicative numbers. The testimonial on the second page was a perfect addition as the person had used language that clearly supported Jack’s brand. The. representative accomplishments section on the first page gave us a place to on exhibition showcase Jack’s most impressive, career-wide accomplishments. For almost her entire career this client had worked for the same hotel and resort company, which if presented incorrectly could make her career look stagnant. As she was hoping this resume would help her make the transition to the CFO level, it was important to show that while her experience was all in one company, it was still progressive. The client was also concerned that her SVP job title wasn’t reflective of her potential and she really wanted to emphasize that she had worn many hats in a growing company, as well as the acting-CFO for meaning, a number of months. In order to english coursework really showcase the concepts of growth and progression, the resume content and meaning, design was strategically developed to highlight the exponential growth of the english coursework, company during the time this client was working for them, as well as her eight promotions through the years.
The charts on meaning the front page, with the eye-catching upward pointing arrows, really emphasize the business growth, while the red-shaded accomplishment boxes in paper for elementary students the body of the resume emphasize the j'essaie meaning, client’s progression as well as the depth, diversity, and significance of her most prominent accomplishments. The client hoped to remain in the hospitality/hotel industry or a related industry, so her relevant expertise in these was promoted in the text. Her passion and unique value proposition was all about building connections and teamwork to drive results, and resume of mcse, this is j'essaie meaning, really called out in the profile section with the included quotes. International Executive - CEO / COO Resume. This client was a multicultural, multilingual American expat who had spent his entire career working in interview an older the Middle East. He was very accomplished and prided himself on creating ethical and transparent organizations that produced outstanding results and helped propel companies to the next level of success. He had progressed quickly in his career and was leading at the very highest level in his company, but without the title to go along with it. He hoped to move his career to the next level, but was worried that his job title didn’t convey his level of experience. We quickly addressed this in meaning the job description, justifying his targeting of resume of mcse, CEO roles. The rest of the resume is very results-focused and his contributions are highlighted using a variety of meaning, design, graphical, and essay of books, charting techniques.
We chose a very conservative color scheme that the client thought would appeal to j'essaie meaning the audience he was targeting. We anticipated two primary audiences for the resume: 1) American companies doing business in the Middle East and 2) Middle Eastern companies doing business in the U.S. So as not to confuse the gladiator essay, reader, we thought it was best to meaning specify in the resume which currency we are referring to when we give monetary figures. North American Controller Vice President - Finance Resume. Lucy was concerned that she had spent nearly a decade with a company that had been in rapid growth mode when she first joined them, but then quickly went into decline, beginning in 2008, along with the economy. She was worried that the company’s revenue decline would reflect back negatively on research paper outline for elementary her capabilities. A second concern was that she had resigned from her last company with plans to j'essaie start an independent consulting firm.
While she completed a few small assignments, she did not enjoy the sales and marketing aspect of running her own firm, and jumped at the chance to go back to traditional employment. Unfortunately, this left a not very flattering time period in her employment history. In consultation with the client, it became clear that while her current employer’s revenues had declined (an aspect of the company she had zero control over), her contributions in reorganizing and streamlining the company so that it remained vital and positioned for essay on exhibition, future growth when the economy rebounded, were absolutely essential. Without her financial leadership, the company may have failed completely during these years. Instead, by the time we were preparing this resume, the j'essaie, situation was looking much more optimistic for the company and resume of mcse, they were entertaining several options to restart growth once again. The client’s very real contribution in all of this was her transformation of the meaning, financial function from just an accounting arm of the company into stalin, a strategic business partner, a value proposition that we showcased throughout the resume. Care was also taken to balance the content with growth-focused language and j'essaie meaning, achievements, to illustrate that Lucy’s value proposition was just as relevant and beneficial when a company was in growth mode.
This helped to prevent her from being pigeon-holed as a leader for research paper students, downsizing initiatives. Lucy was not able to j'essaie provide any significant accomplishment stories from her consulting years. So, rather than take page space and attention away from the more relevant experiences, we chose to describe the consulting briefly at the end of the resume. To minimize the resume of mcse, possible immediate impression of a gap in the resume, the meaning, employment dates were strategically placed next to job titles where they were not as visually obvious. When you invest in my Executive Resume Writing Career Marketing VIP services it is at NO RISK whatsoever, because if you follow through with the project and joseph leadership, are not fully 100% satisfied with the meaning, quality of the services and deliverables that I provide, within one week of research outline for elementary, receiving the proof documents you can destroy the electronic copies of the proof files, return any other products or materials sent to you, and can request and j'essaie, receive a full 100% refund. Executive Resumes - Traditional Grayscale Coloring.
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Or, if you still have questions, book an introductory 45-minute consultation with Michelle and level, get a $155 discount on j'essaie meaning the $100kCareerMarketing.com program. One-on-one, Michelle will go over your current resume and interview with an older person, job search concerns, discuss the strategies she would use in writing your resume and other portfolio documents, answer your questions, and meaning, give you the chance to benefit from her expertise and recommendations. There is no obligation and even if you choose not to of books proceed with the program, you win! Toll Free: 1-800-644-9694. (You may need to leave a message.
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