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Writing A Comparison/Contrast Essay - Wikispaces
bartendar resume Over the contrast essay point course of nearly a decade of working at and managing a wide variety of easy for problem solution, bars, restaurants, and contrast point view, taverns, I have turned in and accepted more resumes than I can count. Some of the easy resumes I have seen were effective, but the vast majority weren#8217;t. To create a resume seems like a fairly straight-forward endeavor, but to tailor one to the bar industry takes a slightly different approach from what works in other fields. As you read this piece, follow the compare point example resume I#8217;ve supplied as I describe and explain each of its elements. First of all, consider your formatting options. Formatting can be used to provide a hint of your personality and work ethic. Generally speaking, a bar manager is looking to bolster their team with an short essay on inclusive growth, organized yet creative bartender who has an eye for compare view, detail. Vary font sizes with consistency, use headings effectively, and make sure that your overall layout is on save, neat and essay view, concise. How a bartender composes his or her resume speaks to how they compose their well. Prove that you possess an for problem solution, eye for detail. Contrast. Like any resume, yours should include a header.
Name first, big and glaring. Don#8217;t be subtle—you want your name to be remembered above all others. Then provide all of your basic contact info. It seems like a funny thing to have to point out, but I have been handed many resumes—some of which were actually chock full of experience—which didn#8217;t even include a phone number. Next we go with education. Short On Inclusive Economic Growth. While your Bachelor#8217;s degree in Post-structuralism or 14th Century Pagan Practices might not have anything to do with bartending, it is compare essay point view, good to include your educational information, if you have it.
Showing that you have gone to essay river, school and completed a degree gives some proof that you are capable to applying yourself to a task then achieving it. And who knows? Maybe the compare contrast point view person interviewing you is a Foucault nut too. I landed my first bartending job simply because the owner of the establishment was excited to hear that I#8217;d been studying in Paris, where he had lived for two years. Conclude. Over the contrast essay point view course of the conclude essays interview he didn#8217;t ask me a single question about compare contrast, bartending. We just swapped stories from the City of Lights. In your education section, it is also a good idea to add anything that might involve food or drink service, no matter how insignificant, especially if you are relatively new to the industry and don#8217;t possess the most competitive of backgrounds.
Perhaps you took a course once on the history of French wines, or you worked in your school cafeteria, or even volunteered with Meals on Wheels. Whatever you can slip in to add to your advantage, it goes on the sheet. Exaggerate your experience, but only to a point. Night Son Relationships. Now for your experience section. It is in this section where a bit of creative exaggeration can go a long way. Start with your most recent position—name of the establishment, location, years employed, title.
Say you were technically just a bartender, but you also were the only bartender on duty at the head of a few waiters and a busboy? Call yourself #8220;Shift Leader#8221;. Provide a brief description of view, what your position entailed, but leave out the gritty details. Every bar manager knows what a bartender does—they wash glasses, make drinks, set up the bar, etc. What they want to know is short on inclusive economic, what sort of work you#8217;ve done, and what types of bars and customers you#8217;ve worked with. Do you have experience working with complex drink menus? Do you have a background with wine? Have you worked more in dives or fine dining? The description is where you emphasize any accomplishments you may have garnered along the way.
Have you earned any awards? Bartended at compare essay view any big events? Instituted some change in father son relationships the workplace that brought about impressive results? Once again—feel free to get creative. Did you invent a drink that ended up on the menu? Then you #8220;helped develop a seasonal drink menu#8221;. A bar is contrast essay point, a place where you will hear a million drunken exaggerations, and words conclude, it does not hurt to apply this principle in contrast essay point view order to words conclude essays, land a job. But remember—anything you put on essay your resume, the essay economic growth bar manager is likely to bring up in an interview, so don#8217;t overdo it and know what to say when the topic comes up. And flat out fabrications or dreaming up a list of fake jobs almost never works.
An experienced bar manager can spot them anytime, just like a fake ID. Pay your dues—work through the ranks. Compare Contrast Point. At the bottom of the experience section of the example resume, you#8217;ll see that I#8217;ve listed a number of non-bartending positions. Ganga River. These are the compare contrast essay view sorts of jobs you will need to work initially in order to break into bartending. Even getting one of the entry positions at a bar can be difficult, especially without any experience. But having worked at one or more restaurants outside of the bar industry shows that you can handle the atmosphere and the pacing. How To Quote In Essays Mla. Hopefully then you can land a back-house or bar-backing job in a bar, which is generally the first major step toward bartending.
Remember: almost every bar promotes from within. Be willing to start at the bottom. Compare Essay View. After your experience comes any additional information which might be applicable. A knowledge of languages can go a long way. Words. Spanish is increasingly useful in contrast essay the United States, and in many high-end restaurants a grasp of French or Italian could push you ahead of the pack. If you know how to son relationships, use a point-of-sale system (POS), list it in this section. Compare Contrast Essay. If you are fairly tech-savvy, it is not a bad idea to indicate it here as well, as the essay on save ganga ability to design menus, logos, or websites can come in handy. The two sections that you don#8217;t really need on a bartending resume are the compare contrast essay view Objective and Reference portions. Including one#8217;s objectives on a resume has become rather out-dated, and any objective you list when applying for examples of good conclusions for research papers, a bartending position comes off as flat and insincere. You can include references—especially if you lack experience—but in reality a bar manager will rarely call them. That#8217;s all there is too it, really.
If there is one final thought I can leave you with, it is to consider your audience. Are you trying to work at a rowdy dive or tavern? Show that you have the personality for it. I once hired a bartender with very little experience because he included a photo of himself kayaking over a waterfall—it was pretty impressive.
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Writing A Comparison/Contrast Essay - Wikispaces
resume stanford Philip H. Scherrer. Education and Professional Experience: A.B. Physics, University of California at Berkeley, 1968. Ph.D. Physics, University of California at Berkeley, 1973.
Professor, Department of Physics and W.W. Hansen Experimental Physics Laboratory, Stanford University, 1995 - present. Professor, Department of Applied Physics and Center for Space Science and Astrophysics, Stanford University, 1987- 1995. Senior Research Associate, Institute for Plasma Research, Stanford University, 1979-1987. Acting Director, Wilcox Solar Observatory, Stanford University, 1985-87. Research Associate in essay point view Institute for Plasma Research, Stanford University, 1974-1979. American Astronomical Society, Astronomical Society of the Pacific, American Geophysical Union, American Association for articles in essays mla, the Advancement of Science, International Astronomical Union, International Union of Geodesy and Geophysics. Selected Activities and Awards: Principal Investigator on the Solar Oscillations Investigation - Michelson Doppler Imager program for SOHO (NASA-ESA), Dynamic Observations of Solar Magnetic and compare point view Velocity Fields (NSF), Geomagnetic Disturbances (ONR), and Structure of Solar Magnetic and Velocity Fields (NASA).
Stanford Chair, Stanford-Lockheed Institute for Space Research, 1992-present. Member, Physics Department Admissions Committee, 1996-present. Member, HEPL Administrative Committee, 1989-present. Member, SOHO Science Working Team, 1987-present. Member, Association of Universities for Research in Astronomy (AURA) Observatories Visiting Committee, 1993-1997. Member, National Research Council Task Group on Ground-Based Solar Research, 1997. Appreciation Award for examples conclusions, Completion of MDI on SOHO from GSFC and compare point view ISTP, 1994. Member, Applied Physics Admissions Committee, 1990-1994.
Member, Office of Naval Research Space Science Committee, 1992-1993. Chair, SOHO Helioseismology Working Group. Member, STSP Science Working Team. Member, National Research Council Board on Atmospheric Sciences, Committee on night essay father son relationships Solar Terrestrial Research, 1987-1990. Member, Task Force on Scientific Computing, Internet Activities Board, 1986-1989. Member NASA Helioseismology Steering Committee, 1984-1986.
Member NASA Solar Oscillations Science Working Group, 1983-1984. Instructor for compare contrast point, Astronomy 104, Fall 1980, Winter 1983 (converted to independent study). Reporter for Division IV topic 4 of conclude essays International Association of Geomagnetism and Aeronomy, 1981-1983. Guest of U.S.S.R. Academy of compare contrast view Science, June 1979. U.S. - U.S.S.R. exchange scientist June-August, 1975. Guest Observer at conclude essays Hale Observatories, 1970-1975. Author or co-author of over 100 papers in astronomical and compare essay point view geophysical journals; has presented over essay on save river, 80 contributed and invited papers at conferences and symposia and departmental seminars.
Taeil Bai was born in Korea on July 16, 1945. Bai received his B.S. degree with honors in physics from Kyung Hee University in February 1967. He served in the Korean army as a lieutenant from 1967 through 1969, and worked as a Teaching Assistant at Kyung Hee University from 1970 to 1972. Bai came to contrast essay point the United States in 1972 to do graduate work at the University of for problem Maryland, where he received his Ph.D. in essay May 1977. Of Good Conclusions? His thesis research, performed under the joint supervision of Professor Frank B. Compare Contrast Point? McDonald and Dr. Reuven Ramaty, was on high-energy phenomena of solar flares. From 1977 to 1978, Dr. Bai worked at Goddard Space Flight Center, primarily with Dr. Ramaty.
In March 1978, he went to the University of California at San Diego as a Post-Graduate Research Physicist, and in night father September 1980, he became an Assistant Research Physicist. At UCSD, he worked mainly with Dr. Hugh S. Hudson on high-energy solar phenomena (hard X-ray emission, gamma-ray emission, and particle acceleration), and also carried out research on X-ray binaries. Dr. Bai received the first Donald E. Billings Award of the compare contrast essay point view, University of short economic Colorado in 1978. In September 1982, Dr.
Bai joined the Center for Space Science and Astrophysics at Stanford University, where he is currently a Senior Research Scientist. Analyzing MDI data, he has been studying plasma flows in active regions. Dr. Bai is a member of the American Astronomical Society and the American Geophysical Union. Ph.D. in Astronomy, University of California, Los Angeles. 1997.
M.S. in Physics, California State University, Northridge. 1991. B.S. in compare contrast point view Physics, University of California, Los Angeles. 1988. Research Associate, May 1997 to Present, Solar Oscillations Investigation, Stanford University, California. Research Associate, July 1993 to words essays August 1996, National Solar Observatory, Tucson, Arizona. Research Assistant, June 1992 to June 1993, Department of contrast view Physics and Astronomy, University of California, Los Angeles, California. Teaching Associate, September 1991 to June 1992, Department of Physics and Astronomy, University of California, Los Angeles, California. Part-time Instructor, September 1991 to June 1993, Department of Earth and Space Science, Santa Monica College, Santa Monica, California.
Part-time Instructor, February 1991 to December 1991, Department of Physics and Astronomy, California State University, Northridge, California. Research Associate, December 1988 to August 1991, Department of Occupational Medicine, University of California, Los Angeles, California. SOI Graduate Student Fellowship July 1993 to August 1996. Beck, J.G., Duvall, T.D., Jr., Scherrer, P.H. Long-lived Giant Cells Detected at essay economic the Solar Surface. Nature (accepted), 1998. Beck, J.G.
Large Scale Solar Velocities on Time Scales up to Thirty Days. Ph.D. Thesis, University of California, Los Angeles, 1997. Beck, J.G., Hill, F., Ulrich, R.K. A Study of the compare contrast point view, Background Solar Velocity Spectrum Using GONG Data.
Proceedings from the fourth SOHO Workshop on Helioseismology ESA SP-376, 401-406, 1995. Beck, J.G., Ulrich, R.K., Hill, F. A Study of the Magnetic-Darkening Velocity Using GONG Modulation Images. Proceedings from GONG `94: Helio- and Astero-Seismology from the Earth and father son relationships Space ASP Conference Series, 76, 296-302, 1994. Beck, J.G., Chapman, G.A. A Study of the Contrast of Sunspots from compare essay view Photometric Images.
Solar Physics 146, 49-60, 1993. Reports and examples for research papers Posters: Beck, J.G., Hill, F. Persistent Convective features on The Solar Surface. Solar Physics Division Meeting, AAS, 1997. Beck, J.G., Hill, F. Compare Contrast Point View? Modeling Non-Linearities of the GONG Instrument. Night Essay Father? GONG 96 Workshop, 1996. Beck, J.G., Ulrich, R.K., Hill, F. Merging GONG and IRIS Solar Oscillation Observations.
IRIS Workshop, 1996. Born Nov. 25, 1948. B.S. Physics, Stanford University, Apr. Compare Contrast Point? 1971. Ph.D. Astronomy, Cornell University, Jun. 1978. Thesis Title: Dynamics of the Solar Convective Envelope. American Astronomical Society, plus Solar Physics Division.
Astronomical Society of the Pacific. American Geophysical Union. NASA Space Science Data System, Technical Working Group, 1997--present. NASA Space Physics Data System, Coordination Working Group (Solar Physics Discipline Coordinator), 1993--1997. Research Physicist, Center for Space Science and Astrophysics, Stanford University 1982--present (on staff of Wilcox Solar Observatory, 1985--present)
N.R.C. Postdoctoral Research Fellow, NASA-Ames Research Center, 1979--81. Visiting Lecturer, Dept. of Astrogeophysics, University of Colorado, 1979. Fellow, Advanced Study Program, National Center for Atmospheric Research, 1978--79. Research Interests and Activities: Dynamics of Solar and Stellar Convection Zones; Large-Scale Solar Velocities and Rotation; Organization of Solar Activity; Computer Applications (Numerical Methods, Data Management, Communications) in Astrophysics. Data Scientist for the SOI-MDI investigation on the ESA/NASA SOHO mission.
Solar Discipline Coordinator, NASA Space Physics Data System. Organizer of SolarMail, SolarNews, and SolarData. (senior author unless otherwise noted *) Flows and papers Horizontal Displacements from Ring Diagrams, (with J. Schou*) Ap. J. Letters, 1998, in press. Automated Recognition and contrast view Characterization of Solar Active Regions Based on the SOHO/MDI Images, (with J.M. Pap*, M. Turmon, S. Mukhtar, R. Ulrich, C. Frohlich and Ch.
Wehrli) 31st ESLAB Symposium, ed. B. Fleck A. Wilson, ESA-SP-415, 1998, in press. Plane-Wave Analysis of essay ganga river SOI Data, (with L.A. Discher de Sá, I. González Hernández, J. Patrón Recio, D.A. Haber, J. Toomre, F. Hill, E.J. Contrast Point View? Rhodes, Y Xue, and the SOI Ring Diagrams Team) Sounding Solar and Stellar Interiors, IAU Symposium 181, ed.
J. Provost F.-X. Schmider, Kluwer Academic Publishers, 111--118, 1997. Ph.D. in Physics 1983 University of California at Berkeley. M.A. in Physics 1976 University of California at Berkeley. B.S. in Physics 1974 University of Wyoming. 1991 - present Senior Research Scientist, SOI Program Manager, Hansen Experimental Physics Laboratory, Stanford University, Stanford, CA. 1989 - 1991 Research Associate, Center for words conclude essays, Space Science and Astrophysics, Stanford University, Stanford, CA.
1985 - 1988 Research Associate, STAR Laboratory, Stanford University, Stanford, CA. 1984 Postdoctoral Affiliate, STAR Laboratory, Stanford University, Stanford, CA. 1983 Research Assistant, Space Sciences Laboratory, University of California, Berkeley, CA. 1982 Research Stipendiary, Max-Planck-Institut für Aeronomie, Katlenburg-Lindau, West Germany. Professional and Honor Societies. American Geophysical Union, Phi Beta Kappa. Time-Distance Helioseismology with the MDI Instrument: Initial Results, T. L. Compare Point View? Duvall, Jr., A. G. Conclusions? Kosovichev, P. H. Scherrer, R. Essay Point? S. Bogart, R. I. Bush, C. DeForest, J. T. Hoeksema, J. Schou, J. L. R. Essay? Saba, T. D. Tarbell, A. Compare Contrast Essay Point? M. Title, C. J. Wolfson, and P. N. Essays? Milford, Solar Physics , 170 , pp. 63-73, 1997.
Structure and Rotation of the contrast essay point, Solar Interior: Initial Results form the for research papers, MDI Medium-l Program, A. Essay View? G. Kosovichev, J. Words Conclude? Schou, P. H. Scherrer, R. S. Bogart, R. I. Essay Point View? Bush, J. T. Hoeksema, J. Aloise, L. Bacon, A. Burnette, C. Words Conclude? DeForest, P. Compare Contrast Point View? M. Giles, K. Father? Leibrand, R. Nigam, M. Contrast Essay View? Rubin, K. Scott, S. D. Williams, S. Basu, J. Christensen-Dalsgaard, W. Dappen, E. J. Rhodes, Jr., T. L. Duvall, Jr., R. Howe, M.J. Thompson, D. O. River? Gough, T. Sekii, J. Toomre, T. D. Tarbell, A. M. Title, D. Mathur, M. Morrison, J. L. R. Saba, C. J. Wolfson, I. Zayer, and P. N. Milford, Solar Physics , 170 , pp. 43-61, 1997. The Solar Oscillations Investigation - Michelson Doppler Imager, P. H. Contrast? Scherrer, R. S. Bogart, R. I. Short Essay Economic Growth? Bush, J. T. Hoeksema, A. G. Kosovichev, J. Schou, W. Rosenberg, L. Springer, T. D. Tarbell, A. Title, C. J. Wolfson, I. Zayer, and the MDI Engineering Team, Solar Physics , 162 , pp. 129-188, 1995. Christensen-Dalsgaard received his M.Sc. degree from Aarhus University, Denmark, in 1975, and compare essay point his Ph.D. in astrophysics from Cambridge University in 1978. After postdoctoral periods at essay river Institut d'Astrophysique, Liege, National Center for Atmospheric Research, Boulder, and NORDITA, Copenhagen, he returned to the Institute of Physics and Astronomy, Aarhus University, where he has been since 1984, from 1996 as Research Professor in view Helio- and Asteroseismology. Short On Inclusive Economic? Since 1994 he has in contrast essay point addition been associate director of the Theoretical Astrophysics Center under the Danish National Research Foundation. From 1988 he has been an Affiliate Scientist at the National Center for Atmospheric Research.
Main areas of research: Christensen-Dalsgaard's research activities have been concerned with various aspects of the structure of solar and for problem essay stellar interiors, and of helioseismic and asteroseismic investigations of the properties of the Sun and compare point other stars. This has involved extensive calculations of stellar models, testing their sensitivity to the underlying physical assumptions, and attempting to obtain precise models of the present Sun with the best possible physics. Furthermore, Christensen-Dalsgaard has taken part in the development and testing of methods for helioseismic inversion and has applied these methods to infer the structure and rotation of the solar interior. Other professional activities: Christensen-Dalsgaard is a member of the Danish Natural Science Research Council, vice chairman of the Danish Space Board, and member of the Board of the Nordic Optical Telescope. He was a member of the NASA Science Working Group on the Measurement of Solar Oscillations from Space (1984 - 1986), and the European Space Agency SOHO (Solar and Heliospheric Observatory) Phase A Study Team (1984 - 1986). He was a member of the European Southern Observatory Scientific and words conclude essays Technical Committee (1988 - 1992). Since 1997 he has been vice president of Commission 27 (variable stars) of the International Astronomical Union. Selected relevant publications: Differential asymptotic sound-speed inversions (with D. O. Contrast? Gough M. J. Thompson), Mon.
Not. R. astr. Soc., 238, 481 - 502 (1989). Some aspects of the theory of solar oscillations Geophys. Astrophys. Fluid Dynamics, 62, 123 - 152 (1991). Solar oscillations and the equation of state (with W. Dappen), Astron. Father Son Relationships? Astrophys. Rev., 4, 267 - 361 (1992). The effectiveness of oscillation frequencies in constraining stellar model parameters (with T. Contrast? M. Brown, B. Essay On Save Ganga? Mihalas R. Contrast Essay? L. Gilliland), Astrophys. J., 427, 1013 - 1034 (1994).
The phase function for growth, stellar acoustic oscillations - III. The solar case (with F. Essay Point? Perez Hernandez), Mon. Words? Not. R. astr. Soc., 269, 475 - 492 (1994). Testing a solar model: the forward problem in: Proc. VI IAC Winter School The structure of the Sun, eds.
T. Roca Cortes F. Sanchez, Cambridge University Press, 47 - 139 (1996). The current state of solar modeling (with W. Dappen, S. V. Ajukov, et al.), Science, 272, 1286 - 1292 (1996). Equation of state and helioseismic inversions (with S. Compare Point View? Basu), Astron. Astrophys., 322, L5 - L8 (1997). Solar internal sound speed as inferred from combined BiSON and LOWL oscillation frequencies (with S. Basu, W. Words Essays? J. Chaplin, Y. Contrast View? Elsworth, G. R. Quote Mla? Isaak, R. New, J. Schou, M. J. Thompson S. Tomczyk), Mon.
Not. R. astr. Soc., 291, 243 - 251 (1997). Turbulence in astrophysics. Stars (with V. M. Canuto), Ann. Rev. Fluid Mech., 30, 167 - 198 (1998). Education: Institution Degree Year Confirmed. Johns Hopkins University B.A.
1972. Stanford University M.A. 1975. Stanford University Ph.D. 1978. 1977-1979 Kitt Peak National Observatory. Position: Postdoctoral Fellow. 1979-present Laboratory for Astronomy and Solar Physics. NASA/Goddard Space Flight Center. NSF Antarctic Service Medal, 1982. NASA/NSO/Bartol Antarctic expeditions (1981-82, 1987, 1988, 1990, 1994-5)
NASA Exceptional Scientific Achievement Medal, 1990. Mount Duvall named by US Board on Geographic Names at 78S22,162E31, 1996. Long-lived Giant Cells Detected at the Solar Surface, J.G. Beck, T.L. Duvall Jr., P.H.
Scherrer, Nature , in press, 1998. A Subsurface Flow of contrast essay point Material from the Sun's Equator to its Poles, P.M. Giles, T.L. Duvall Jr., P.H. Scherrer, Nature 390, 52-54, 1997. Downflows under sunspots detected by helioseismic tomography, T.L. Duvall Jr., S. D'Silva, S.M. Jefferies, J.W. Harvey, J. Short? Schou, Nature 379, 235-237, 1996.
Time-Distance Helioseismology, T.L. Duvall Jr., S.M. Jefferies, J.W. Point? Harvey, M.A. Pomerantz, Nature 362, 430-432, 1993. Asymmetries of Solar Oscillation Line Profiles, T.L. How To In Essays? Duvall Jr., S.M. Jefferies, J.W.
Harvey, Y. Contrast Essay? Osaki, M.A. Pomerantz, Astrophys. J. 410, 829-836, 1993. Latitude and Depth Variation of Solar Rotation, T. L. Duvall, Jr., J. W. Harvey and M. Words Essays? A. Pomerantz, Nature 321, 500, 1986. A Dispersion Law for Solar Oscillations, T. L. Duvall, Jr., Nature 300, 242-243, 1982.
Douglas Gough, FRS. Condensed Curriculum Vitae. Born: 8 February 1941, Stourport, Worcestershire, England. Education: University of Cambridge, England; B.A. 1962, M.A. 1966, Ph.D. 1966. Professor of Theoretical Astrophysics, University of Cambridge. Deputy Director, Institute of Astronomy, University of Cambridge. Honorary Professor of Astronomy, Queen Mary and Westfield College, University of London.
Fellow Adjoint, JILA, University of Colorado at Boulder. Fellowships, associate appointments. 1965 NSF Summer Fellow, Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution. 1967--69 Visiting Member, Courant Institute of compare essay point view Mathematical Sciences, New York University. 1977--78 Astronome Titulaire Associe des Observatoires de France. 1978--83 Science Research Council Senior Fellow. 1984--85 Professeur Associe de l'Universite de Toulouse. 1990 Scientific Coordinator, ITP, Univ.
California at Santa Barbara. 1994 Visiting Scholar, School of Mathematics and Statistics, University of Sydney. 1996, 97 Visiting Professor, Department of Physics, Stanford University. Prizes, Lectureships, etc. Gravity Research Foundation Prize (shared with F.W.W.
Dilke, 1973); James Arthur Prize Lecturer (Harvard, 1982); William Hopkins Prize (Camb. Phil. Soc., 1984); Sir Joseph Larmor Lecturer (Camb. Phil. Soc., 1988);
Morris Loeb Lecturer, (Harvard, 1993); George Ellery Hale Prize (AAS, 1994); Bishop Lecturer (Columbia Univ., 1996); Halley Lecturer (Univ. Oxford, 1996) Royal Astronomical Society: Junior Member (1963--66), Fellow (1966--) American Astronomical Society: Member (1964--73), Member of Solar Physics Division (1990--) International Astronomical Union: Member (1970--) Astronomical Society of India: Member (1993--) Royal Society: Fellow (1997--)
Institute of words conclude Physics: Fellow (1997--) Royal Danish Academy of Sciences and Letters: Foreign Member (1998--) Solar Physics (1983--); Fundamentals of Cosmic Physics (1985--93); Inverse Problems (1997--);
Encyclopedia of contrast point Astronomy and on save river Astrophysics, Institute of compare view Physics (1997--) Space Science Committees: ESA Consultant (DISCO: 1981--83, SOHO: 1983--85, PRISMA: 1991--93, STARS: 1993--96); NASA Mission Consultant (1983--86); SERC Space Science Programme Board (1986--89); SERC Astronomy and Planetary Science Grants Committee (1987--90) International conferences organized. 1975 IBM Conference on Astrophysical Fluid Dynamics, Cambridge. 1981 IAU Colloquium 66 on Solar and short essay economic Stellar Oscillations (with A.B. Severny), Crimea.
1985 NATO ASW on Seismology of the Sun and contrast point the distant Stars, Cambridge. 1990 Challenges to topics essay Theories of the Structure of moderate-mass Stars (with J. Toomre), Santa Barbara. 1993 Sixth IRIS Workshop, Cambridge. 1997 Local Helioseismology, Cambridge. DATE AND PLACE OF BIRTH: 1951 August 29, Bangor, Maine, USA. MARITAL STATUS: Married 1973 June 2; wife Janet, children Adam (18) and Kimberly (13). Ph.D., Astrophysics, University of Colorado, 1979. M.S., Physics, University of Colorado, 1975. B.S., Astronomy, University of Massachusetts, 1973. Awards and Honors: NASA/MSFC Outstanding Performance Awards, 1986, 1988, 1990, 1994, 1995, 1996.
NASA Certificates of Appreciation, 1986, 1988, 1990, 1991, 1992, 1995. NASA Group Achievement Award, 1992, 1996, 1997. NSF Fellowships, Honorable Mention, 1973. Massachusetts Senatorial Honor Scholarships, 1969-1973. Phi Beta Kappa Membership, 1973. University of Massachusetts Freshman Physics Award, 1970. American Astronomical Society (1976-Present) Solar Physics Division, AAS (1987-Present) SPD Committee (1992-1994) Media Liaison (1990-1996)
Nominating Committee Chair (1992) Division for Planetary Sciences, AAS (1981-present) American Geophysical Union (1997-Present) International Astronomical Union (1984-Present) Sigma Xi (1984-Present) Group Leader: Solar Physics Group, Physics and Astronomy Division, Space Sciences Laboratory, National Aeronautics and Space Administration, Marshall Space Flight Center, Marshall Space Flight Center, Alabama 35812. Direct research of, and provide support for, members of the Solar Physics Group (15 scientists and point engineers.) History, Education, and Professional Experience. Born Rochester, Minnesota, September 14, 1956. Calvin College, Grand Rapids, MI, B.A. with Honors in Physics and Mathematics, 1978.
Stanford University, Dept. of Applied Physics, M.S., 1980; Ph.D., 1984. Research Associate, Center for Space Science and Astrophysics, Stanford University, 1984-1989. Assistant a l'Observatoire, Observatoire de Nice, France, Spring, 1985. Senior Research Scientist, W.W. Hansen Experimental Physics Laboratory /Center for Space Science and Astrophysics, Stanford University, 1989-present. American Astronomical Society, Solar Physics Division. American Geophysical Union, Space Physics and Aeronomy Division. International Astronomical Union, Commission 10. Astronomical Society of the Pacific.
American Scientific Affiliation. Selected Activities and Awards. Editor's Citation for Excellence in Refereeing, JGR-Space Physics, 1997. Associate Editor, JGR-Space Physics, 1997-1999. Chairman, NSO's SOLIS Advisory Group, 1997-1999.
Scientific Director, Stanford SOLAR Center, 1996 - present. Chairman, Scientific and words Local Organizing Committees, 4th SOHO Workshop: Helioseismology, (a.k.a. Point? GONG '95); Hero of the GONG Citation, 1995. Project Astro Visiting Astronomer, J.L. Stanford Middle School 1994-6; Hoover Elementary, 1997-8. Co-chair, IACG Workshop Splinter Group on essay Coronal and Solar Wind Structure and contrast view Evolution, 1994.
Group Appreciation Award for Completion of MDI on SOHO from GSFC ISTP, 1994. Chairman, Solar Physics Working Group, ONR Space Sciences Workshop, 1993. Convenor/Co-convenor of Sessions at Solar Wind 9, 1998; COSPAR, 1998; IAGA, 1997; 1st SOHO Workshop, 1992; Solar Wind 7, 1991. Member, Editor Search Committee for JGR-Space Physics, 1991 - 1992. Chairman, Organizing Committee, 4th IRIS Workshop SOI Team Meeting, 1991. Member IRIS, since 1985. Member, NASA's Solar Physics MOWG, 1990-1992. NASA Peer Review Panels: Solar Observations SRT 1991, 1992, 1995 (chair); SMEX, 1993; SEC GIP, 1998 (chair). Chairman, GONG Low-Frequency Team since 1990; member GONG since 1987. Member, Solar Physics Planning Group at the Future Missions Strategy-Implementation Study, 1990. Member, COSPAR ISC Sub-commissions D.1 and E.2; Vice-chair E.2, 1998-2002.
Publications and Papers Presented. Author or co-author of more than 100 papers published in astronomical and geophysical journals and easy topics of more than 200 contributed and invited lectures at conferences, symposia, and seminars. Primary interests include the large-scale solar and coronal magnetic fields, solar velocity fields and compare point rotation, helioseismology, the physics of the Sun and the interplanetary medium, and solar-terrestrial relations. SOHO/SOI-MDI Stanford Instrument Scientist, 1988-present; Operation and maintenance of the Wilcox Solar Observatory at Stanford, 1978-present; programming of essay father laboratory mini computers and PCs; scientific analysis and compare view UNIX system programming; design and easy solution essay construction of equipment to measure solar magnetic and velocity fields. 1990 Ph.D. in Astronomy, Department of Astronomy, U.C.L.A. Seismic Analysis of the compare contrast point, Sun from Intermediate and High Degree p-Modes. Advisor: R.K. Ulrich. 1982 Engineering, Applied Physics (Ingenieur Civil Physicien), Universite Libre de Bruxelles (U.L.B.), Ecole Polytechnique, Faculte des Sciences Appliquees, Brussels, Belgium.
Master thesis at the Plasma Physics Laboratory (U.L.B.): Study of a magnetic configuration realizing a theta-pinch. 1977 High school degree: Humanites Superieures, section Latin-Mathematiques Athenee R. Catteau, Brussels, Belgium. 1990 - Astrophysicist, Smithsonian Astrophysical Observatory. 1994 - Member, GONG Data Management and Analysis Center's Users' Committee. 1983 - 85 Research Fellow, European Space Agency, Space Science Department, Solar Heliospheric Division, ESTEC, The Netherlands. Professional Society Memberships:
American Astronomical Society, European Physical Society. 1. J., Schou, H.M., Antia, S., Basu, R.S., Bogart, R.I., Bush, S.M., Chitre, J., Christensen- Dalsgaard, M.P., Di Mauro, W.A., Dziembowski, A., Eff-Darwich, D.O., Gough, D.A., Haber, J.T., Hoeksema, R., Howe, S.G., Korzennik, A.G., Kosovichev, R.M., Larsen, F.P., Pijpers, P.H., Scherrer, T., Sekii, T.D., Tarbell, A.M., Title, M.J., Thompson, and words conclude J., Toomre, 1998, Helioseismic studies with SOI-MDI of differential rotation in the solar envelope, 1998, ApJ, in press. 2. S. Korzennik, M.J. Thompson, J. Contrast? Toomre the topics for problem, GONG Internal Rotation Team, Internal Rotation and Dynamics of the Sun from GONG Data, 1997, proceeding of the IAU Symposium 181, 211. 3. F. Hill, P.B. Stark, R.T. Stebbins, E.R. Anderson, H.M. Antia, T.M.
Brown, T.L. Duvall, Jr., D.A. Haber, J.W. Harvey, D.H. Hathaway, R. Howe, R.P. Hubbard, H.P. Jones, J.R. Kennedy, S.G. Korzennik, A.G. Kosovichev, J.W. Leibacher, K.G. Contrast Point View? Libbrecht, J.A. On Save Ganga River? Pintar, E.J. Rhodes, Jr., J. Compare Contrast Essay Point? Schou, M.J.
Thompson, S. Tomczyk, C.G. Toner, R. Toussaint, W.E. Williams, 1996, Science , 272, 1292: The Solar Acoustic Spectrum and Eigenmode Parameters. 4. Easy Topics For Problem Solution? M.J. Contrast Essay Point View? Thompson, J Toomre, E.R. Anderson, H.M. Antia, G. Berthomieu, D. Burtonclay, S.M. Chitre, J. River? Christensen-Dalsgaard, T. Compare Essay Point View? Corbard, M. DeRosa, C.R. Genovese, D.O.
Gough, D.A. Haber, J.W. Harvey, F. Hill, R. Howe, S.G. Korzennik, A.G. Kosovichev, J.W. Leibacher, F.P. Pijpers, J. Provost, E.J. Rhodes, Jr., J. Schou, T. Sekii, P.B. Stark, P.R. Words Essays? Wilson, 1996, Science , 272, 1300: Differential Rotation and Dynamics of the Solar Interior.
5. Korzennik, S.G., Noyes, R.W., Brown, T.M, Nisenson, P., Horner, S., Nightly Variations of Non-Radial Oscillations in essay point view the Delta Scuti Star AE UMa, 1995 Ap. J. Letters, in essays press. 6. Korzennik, S.G., Rhodes, E.J., Jr., and Johnson, N.M., Rose, P., Cacinni, A., On the Deter- mination of the Solar Rotation, 1995, in GONG 1994: Helio- and Astero-Seismology from Earth and Space, in press. 7. Korzennik, S. Compare Essay Point View? G., Noyes, R. W., Ziskin, V., 1995, in GONG 1994: Helio- and Astero- Seismology from Earth and Space, Local Helioseismology: Analysis of Localized Time-Distance Diagrams from Quiet and Active Regions, eds.: Ulrich, Rhodes Däppen, ASP Conf Series, Vol. Quote Articles? 76, 268. 8. Contrast Essay? Rhodes, E.J., Jr., Cacciani, A., Korzennik, S.G., Ulrich R.K., 1993, Astrophys. J., 406, 714: Confirmation of Solar Cycle Dependent Intermediate Degree p-mode Frequency Shifts. 9. Goode, P.R., W. A. Dziembowski, S.G.
Korzennik, and E.J. Rhodes, Jr., What We Know About the Sun's Internal Rotation from Solar Oscillations, Ap.J., 367, 649-657, 1991. 10. Quote? Korzennik, S.G., R.K. Ulrich, Seismic Analysis of the Solar Interior I.: Can Opacity Changes Improve the compare essay point view, Theoretical Frequencies? Ap.J., 339, 1144-1155, 1989. Alexander G. Kosovichev.
Degrees: D. Conclude? Sc., Physics and Mathematics, (Astrophysics), 1990, Leningrad State University. Ph. D., Physics and Mathematics, 1980, Moscow State University. M.S., Physics, 1975, Novosibirsk State University. 1994 -- present: Senior Research Scientist, W.W. Hansen Experimental Physics Lab, Stanford Univ. 1990-1994: Senior Research Associate, Institute of Astronomy, University of point view Cambridge. 1979-1990: member of the scientific staff of the Crimean Astrophysical Observatory:
Scientific Organizing Committee of the SOHO-IV/GONG'98 Workshop (Boston, 1998) Scientific Organizing Committee of the for problem essay, GONG'94 Conference (Los Angeles, 1994) Scientific Organizing Committee of the SOHO-IV Workshop Helioseismology (Pacific Grove, 1995) Associate Investigator, European Space Agency (ESA) (PRISMA: 1991-93; STARS: 1993-94) Associate Investigator on SOI (Solar Oscillations Investigation) on essay point ESA-NASA mission SOHO. Member of the International Global Oscillations Network Group (GONG) Coordinator of Structure Inversions Research Teams for GONG and SOI.
Referee for Astrophys. For Problem? Journal, Astrophys. J. Lett., Monthly Not. Roy. Contrast View? Astron. Soc., Solar Physics, and conclude essays Journal of Plasma Physics. Member of the American Astronomical Society. Member of the contrast point, International Astronomical Union.
Recent invited talks and lectures: Time-Distance Helioseismology, COSPAR General Assembly, Nagoya, 1998. Flows in the Convection Zone: SOHO SOI/MDI Results, Chapman Conference on Magnetic Helicity in night essay father Space and Laboratory Plasmas, Boulder, 1998. Seismic Investigations of the contrast essay view, Sun's Interior Structure, AGU Meeting, Boston, 1998. Oscillations in Active Regions - Diagnostics and Seismology, Third ASP - Euroconference: 'Magnetic Fields and Oscillations', at Potsdam, Germany, 1998. X-RAY FLARE SPARKS QUAKE INSIDE THE SUN, A. G. Kosovichev and V.V. Zharkova, Nature , v. 393, p.317 (1998) RANDOM DAMPING AND FREQUENCY REDUCTION OF THE SOLAR F MODE. On Save Ganga? T. L. Compare Essay View? Duvall Jr., A. G. Kosovichev, and K. Murawski, Astrophys. J. Lett. (1998) in press.
MEASURING SUN'S EIGENFREQUENCIES FROM VELOCITY AND INTENSITY HELIOSEISMIC SPECTRA. R. Nigam and essays A. G. Kosovichev, Astrophys. J. Lett. (1998) in press. SOLAR CYCLE ONSET SEEN IN SOHO/MDI SEISMIC DATA. Compare Contrast Point View? W. A. Dziembowski, P. Night Essay Father? R. Goode, M. P. Contrast Essay Point? DiMauro, A. River? G. Kosovichev, and J. Schou, Astrophys. J. (1998) in press.
ASYMMETRY AND FREQUENCIES OF LOW-DEGREE P-MODES AND THE STRUCTURE OF THE SUN'S CORE. Contrast? T.Toutain, T. How To Quote Articles In Essays Mla? Appourchaux, C. Frohlich, A. G. Contrast Point View? Kosovichev, R. Nigam, and P. H. Scherrer, Astrophys. Words Conclude Essays? J. Lett., in press (1998). LATITUDINAL VARIATION OF SOLAR SUBSURFACE ROTATION INFERRED FROM P-MODE FREQUENCY SPLITTINGS MEASURED WITH SOI-MDI AND GONG. A. C. Compare Essay Point? Birch and A. G. Kosovichev, Astrophys. J. Lett., v.503, L187 (1998)
THE ADIABATIC EXPONENT IN THE SOLAR CORE. J. R. Elliott and A. G. Short Essay Growth? Kosovichev Astrophys. J. Lett., v.500, L199 (1998) ASYMMETRY IN VELOCITY AND INTENSITY HELIOSEISMIC SPECTRA FROM SOHO/MDI. R. Nigam, A. G. Kosovichev, P. H. Scherrer, and J. Compare Contrast Essay Point? Schou, Astrophys. J. Conclusions? Lett., v.495, L115 (1998) Born: 1 Nov. 1957: Columbus, Ohio. Institute for Astronomy, 2680 Woodlawn Dr., Honolulu, HI, 96822.
Ph.D. (Physics) Princeton - January 1981. M.S. (Physics) Princeton - June 1979. B.A. (Physics and compare contrast essay point Mathematics) Kalamazoo College - June 1977. Awards and Honors: Alfred P. Sloan Fellowship (1986)
Shenstone Prize (1980, from Princeton for outstanding work in experimental physics) Hornbeck Prize (1977, from growth Kalamazoo for outstanding Senior Thesis) Professor, Institute for Astronomy, University of Hawaii (Aug 1998 - ) Astronomer, NOAO/National Solar Observatory, (Jan. 1993 - July 1998) Professor, Physics and Astronomy, Mich. State Univ. (Sept. 1992 - ) Summer Faculty Research Fellow, AFGL/National Solar Observatory (Fall 1990)
Visiting Research Assoc., Inst. Theor. Physics, Santa Barbara (Spring 1990) Associate Professor, Physics and Astronomy, Mich. State Univ. (Sept. 1986 - 92) Assistant Professor, Physics, Princeton University (Sept. 1982 - Aug. 1986)
Instructor, Physics, Princeton University (Sept. 1981 - Sept. 1982) Lecturer, Physics, Princeton University (Jan. 1981 - Sept. 1981) Research and Teaching Assistant, Physics, Princeton University (Sept. 1977 - Jan. 1981) Professional Society Memberships: International Astronomical Union.
American Astronomical Society. American Physical Society. 1983 - Astronomer, National Solar Observatory. 1988 - 1993 Director, National Solar Observatory. 1976 - 1982 Research Scientist, Lockheed Palo Alto Research Laboratory. 1973 - 1975 Visiting Scientist, Laboratoire de Physique Stellaire et Planètaire. 1971 - 1972 Post-Doctoral Fellow, Joint Institute for Laboratory Astrophysics. 1971 Ph.D., Astronomy, Harvard University. Other Professional Experience:
1996 Parker Lecture, American Geophysical Union. 1995 James Arthur Lecture, Harvard University. 1995 - Chair, Member, Hale Prize Nominating Committee, AAS/SPD. 1995 - Chair, Member, Space Sciences Visiting Committee, NASA Goddard Space Flight Center. 1993 - 1998 Member, Space Science Advisory Committee, Office of compare contrast point view Space Sciences, NASA. 1990 - 1996 Member, Editorial Board, Annual Reviews of easy topics for problem Astronomy and Astrophysics. 1988 - 1991 Member, NASA Advisory Council, Space Physics Sub-committee. 1987 - Co-Investigator, Michelson Doppler Imager on the Solar and Heliospheric Observatory. 1986 - 1990 Member, Space Science (Studies) Board, National Academy of Sciences. 1984 - Project Director/Scientist, Global Oscillation Network Group ( GONG ) 1984 - 1986 Chair, Management and Ops. Working Group, NASA Solar Heliospheric Physics Office.
1983 - Co-Investigator, Solar Optical Universal Polarimater, on Spacelab II. 1982 - Member, Editorial Board, Solar Physics. 1980 - Co-Investigator, Coordinated Filtergraph Spectrograph, on compare contrast point the Solar Optical Telescope. 1976 - Co-Investigator, Soft X-Ray Polychromator, on the Solar Maximum Mission. 1974 - Co-Investigator, Multi-Channel Ultra-Violet Spectrometer, on the Orbiting Solar Obs.
Recent Relevant Publications: Gough, D., Leibacher, J., Scherrer, P., and Toomre, J. 1996, Science , 272, 1281-1283: Perspectives in Helioseismology Harvey, J.W., and co-authors including Leibacher, 1996, Science , 272, 1284-1286: The Global Oscillation Network Group (GONG) Project Christensen-Dalsgaard, J., and father son relationships co-authors including Leibacher, 1996, Science , 272, 1286-1292: The Current State of Solar Modeling Hill, F., and co-authors including Leibacher, 1996, Science , 272, 1292-195: The Solar Acoustic Spectrum and Eigenmode Parameters Gough, D.O., and co-authors including Leibacher, 1996, Science , 272, 1296-1300: The Seismic Structure of the Sun Thompson, M.J., and co-authors including Leibacher, 1996, Science , 272, 1300-1305: Differential Rotation and Dynamics of the Solar Interior Hathaway, D., and compare point view co-authors including Leibacher, 1996, Science , 272, 1306-1309: GONG Observations of Surface Flows Leibacher, J.W. 1997, in for problem Sounding Solar and Stellar Interiors, IAU Symp.
181, eds. F.-X. Schmider and J. Provost, 1-11: Helioseismology Anderson, E. and co-authors including Leibacher, J. W., 1997, in Sounding Solar and Stellar Interiors, IAU Symp. Compare Contrast Essay View? 181, eds. F.-X. Schmider and J. Provost, 151: The Seismic Structure of the Sun from GONG Harvey, J. W., Hill, F., Komm, R., Leibacher, J. W., Pohl, B., and the GONG 1998, in New Eyes to See Inside the Sun and Stars, IAU Symp. 185, ed.
F.-L. Deubner, in press: GONG Spectra in Three Observables: What is a p-mode frequency? 1957 Haverford College, B.A., Physics. 1963 California Institute of Technology, Ph.D., Physics. 1962 - Physicist, Smithsonian Astrophysical Observatory. 1973 - Professor of examples for research Astronomy, Harvard University. 1986 - Member, Science Advisory Committee, Global Oscillations Network Group (GONG) 1989 Member, Editorial Board, Solar Physics. Past Positions: (Partial List) 1968-69 Member, Solar Physics Working Group, Astronomy Missions Board, National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA)
1970-72 Member, Solar Physics Panel of the Astronomy Survey Committee, National Academy of Sciences (NAS) 1973-76 Member, Physical Sciences Committee of compare contrast essay point view NASA. 1973-80 Associate Director, Solar and Stellar Physics Division Center for son relationships, Astrophysics. 1975-76 Chairman, Solar Physics Division, AAS. 1975-78 Member, Board of Trustees, UCAR. 1982-85 President, Commission 12 (Radiation and essay point Structure of the Solar Atmosphere), International Astronomical Union.
1986-89 Chairman, AURA Board of how to quote in essays Trustees. 1988-92 Member, NAS Astronomy and Astrophysics Survey Committee (Bahcall Committee) and contrast essay point Vice-chair, Solar Panel. Professional Society Memberships: American Astronomical Society, International Astronomical Union, International Academy of easy topics for problem Astronautics, American Association for the Advancement of Science (elected Fellow, 1988) 1995 Nightly Variations of Nonradial Oscillations in the Delta Scuti Star AE Ursae Majoris. S.G. Compare Contrast? Korzennik, R.W. Noyes, T. Articles Mla? Brown, P. Nisenson, and S. Horner, Ap.J.
Letters, 443, L25-28. 1995 Vorticity and contrast point Divergence in the Solar Photosphere. Yi Wang, R.W. Noyes, T.D. Tarbell, and A.M. Title, Ap.J., 447, p. Easy Topics Solution Essay? 419-427. 1997 A Radial Velocity Search for p-mode Pulsations in eta Bootis, T. Compare Contrast Point? Brown, T. Kennelly, S. Quote In Essays Mla? Korzennik, P. Nisenson, R. Noyes, S. Contrast Essay Point View? Horner, Ap. J., 475, 322. 1997 Radii and Distances of Cepheids: I. Examples? Method and Measurement Errors, M. Krockenberger, D. Point? Sasselov, R. Night Father Son Relationships? Noyes, Ap. J., 479, 875.
1997 The AFOE Program of Extra-Solar Planet Research, R. Noyes, S. Jha, S. Korzennik, M. Krockenberger, P. Compare Contrast Essay? Nisenson, T. Brown, E. Examples Of Good Conclusions Papers? Kennelly, S. Horner, Astron. Compare Contrast Essay Point? Soc. Pac. Conf. Series, 119, 119. 1997 A Planet Orbiting the night essay father son relationships, Star Rho Coronae Borealis, R. Noyes, S. Jha, S. Korzennik, M. Krock- enberger, P. Nisenson, T. Brown, T. Kennelly, S. Contrast Point View? Horner, Ap. J., 483, L111. 1997 Exoplanet Research with the AFOE, S. Korzennik, P. Essay On Inclusive? Nisenson, R. Point? Noyes, S. Jha, M Krock- enberger, T. Words? Brown, E. Kennelly, S. Essay? Horner, Astron. Soc.
Pac. Conf. Series, In Press. N.S.F. Post-Doctoral Fellow, Department of Physics, California Institute of Technology, 1977-1978. Ph.D., Sept. 1977, Department of Astronomy, University of California at Los Angeles. M.A., June 1971, Department of Astronomy, University of California at Los Angeles.
Graduate Study, Earth and Planetary Sciences, Massachusetts Institute of Technology, 1968-1969. B.S., June 1968, Magna Cum Laude, Department of short Physics, University of California at Los Angeles. NASA Certificate of Recognition for the Creative Development of contrast point view a Technical Innovation, April 1983. Mortar Board Honor Society Teaching Excellence Award, USC, March 1983. Honor Society Memberships: Phi Beta Kappa, Sigma Xi, (President of USC Chapter, 1988-present), Sigma Pi Sigma. Professional Society Memberships: International Astronomical Union, American Astronomical Society, American Geophysical Union. Spacecraft Instrument Team Membership: Co-Investigator on Michelson Doppler Imager Experiment for SOHO Mission, March 1988 to present. Professor of Astronomy, Department of examples for research papers Physics and Astronomy, University of Southern California, Sept.
1993 to date; previously Assistant and Associate Professor, Sept. Compare Contrast Essay Point? 1979 to Aug. Short On Inclusive? 1993. Astronomer, Space Physics Research Element, Jet Propulsion Laboratory, California Institute of Technology, October 1983 to present. Recent Relevant Papers: Rhodes, E.J., Jr.: 1996, Helioseismology: A Probe of the Solar Interior, Atmosphere, and Activity Cycle, refereed invited review, in essay point Solar Wind Eight , AIP Conference Proceedings 382, AIP Press, 3-8. Kosovichev, A. G., and co-authors including Rhodes: 1997, Structure and Rotation of Solar Interior: Initial Results from the MDI Medium-l Program, Solar Phys., 170, 43-61. Rhodes, E.J., Jr., et al .: 1997, Measurements of Frequencies of Solar Oscillations from the MDI Medium-l Program, Solar Physics , 175, 287-310. Rhodes, E. J., Jr., et al : 1997, Measurements of Frequencies of Solar Oscillations from the MDI Medium-l Program, in on save ganga The First Results from SOHO , B. Fleck and Z. Compare Point? Svestka, eds., 287-310.
Kosovichev, A. G., and co-authors including Rhodes: 1998, Spherical and Aspherical Structure of the Sun: First Year of SOHO/MDI Observations, in New Eyes to See Inside the Sun and Stars, IAU Symposium 185 , F.-L. Deubner, J. Christensen-Dalsgaard, and D. Kurtz, eds., 157-164. Rhodes, E. J., Jr., et al. Easy Topics Solution Essay? : 1998, Initial SOI/MDI High-Degree Frequencies and Frequency Splittings, to appear in Proceedings of SOHO 6/ GONG 98 Workshop , A. Wilson, ed., (ESA Publications: Noordwijk, The Netherlands), in press. Rhodes, E. J. Jr., et al. : 1998, The Comparison of Simultaneous SOI/MDI and Mt. Wilson 60-Foot Tower Power Spectra and P-Mode Parameters, to appear in Proceedings of SOHO 6/ GONG 98 Workshop , A. Wilson, ed., (ESA Publications: Noordwijk, The Netherlands), in press. Rosenthal, C. View? S., and co-authors including Rhodes: 1998, Tests of Convective Frequency Effects with SOI/MDI High-Degree Data, to appear in Proceedings of how to quote articles mla SOHO 6/ GONG 98 Workshop, in press. Roca Cortes, T., and contrast essay point E. J. Essays? Rhodes, Jr.: 1998, Report from Working Group Session 1: Resonant Mode characterization, to appear in compare essay view Proceedings of SOHO 6/ GONG 98 Workshop, in press. BSc. (Equivalent) in words Mathematics and Physics, University of Aarhus, June 1987. Masters degree (Equivalent) in Astronomy, University of Aarhus, November 1989. PhD. in Astronomy, University of Aarhus, May 1993. Visitor Caltech January 1990 - February 1990.
Workshop Institute for compare contrast essay view, Theoretical Physics, University of California, Santa Barbara, March 1990 - June 1990. Graduate Research Assistantship, High Altitude Observatory July 1990 - December 1992. Postdoctoral Scholar, Center for Space Science and Astrophysics, Stanford University, January 1993 - December 1993. Research Associate, Center for Space Science and Astrophysics, Stanford University, January 1994 - present. American Astronomical Society. American Geophysical Union. GONG Data Management and Analysis Center Users Committee, 1995-present. Carolus Josephus Schrijver. Personal: Born August 19, 1958 in Baarn, The Netherlands; Dutch nationality, Permanent resident of the U.S.A.
Current Position: since January 1995, Astrophysicist, Lockheed-Martin Advanced Technology Center, Palo Alto, Ca. 1991- 1994 Fellow Royal Netherlands Academy of on inclusive economic Arts and compare essay Sciences, at ganga the Astronomical Institute of the Univ. of Utrecht, The Netherlands. 1989- 1991 Research Fellow, European Space Agency, ESTEC, Noordwijk, The Netherlands. 1986-1988 Research Associate, Univ. of view Colorado, Boulder, Colorado. 1987 Visiting Scientist, Sac. Peak Observatory, New Mexico. 1987 Visiting Scientist, Lockheed Palo Alto Res. Lab., California. 1982-1986 Ph.D. How To Articles In Essays? student, University of Utrecht, Utrecht, The Netherlands. Sep. 1986 Ph.D.
Astrophysics (summa cum laude), University of Utrecht. Thesis title Stellar Magnetic Activity: Complementing Conclusions based on Solar and Stellar Observations; Supervisor: Prof. Essay Point? C. Topics For Problem Solution Essay? Zwaan. Sep. 1982 Final university examination (summa cum laude), University of Utrecht. Sep. 1978 Intermediate university examination (summa cum laude), University of Utrecht. Solar/stellar physics: solar atmospheric (magnetic) activity, stellar (magnetic) activity, patterns in and dynamics of photospheric magnetic fields, helio-asteroseismology, coronal X--ray spectroscopy, stellar evolution and rotation, acoustic heating.
Publications (published or in press): 47 research articles in refereed journals; 1 conference proceedings (editor); monograph on stellar activity, in point preparation with C. Zwaan; 14 invited reviews in conference proceedings; 29 published contributed papers to conference proceedings; 4 popular astronomy articles. Memberships/Co-Investigator on major proposals. Co--Investigator on essay ganga NASA Small Explorer Mission TRACE. Member of the Task Group on Ground-based Solar Research of the National Academy of contrast essay point view Sciences. Member of the Editorial Board of Solar Physics 1994--.
Member of the Advisory Board of Astronomische Nachrichten 1996--. Co--organizer of a 1993 workshop entitled 'Solar Surface Magnetism' and co--editor of the proceedings. Member of the Scientific Organizing Committee of the 9th Workshop on Cool Stars, Stellar Systems, and short essay on inclusive economic growth the Sun, held in Florence 1995. Member of the Activity Working Team for compare contrast essay point view, ESA's PRISMA Phase A Study and member of the study team for the subsequent STARS Assessment Study. Member of Commission 10 (Solar Activity) of the topics essay, International Astronomical Union, and of its Working Group on Solar Irradiance Variations.
Theodore D. Tarbell. Senior Staff Scientist, Lockheed Martin Solar Astrophysics Lab. Ph.D., Physics, 1976, California Institute of compare essay Technology. A. Night Father? B. Physics, 1971, Harvard University. 1976-present Lockheed Missiles Space Company, Inc. Solar Astrophysics Laboratory. Performs research in solar physics and image processing, specializing in contrast essay point view high resolution observations of magnetic and velocity fields in the solar atmosphere.
Performs theoretical analysis, testing calibration of optical imaging and tracking systems. Principal Investigator for quote articles in essays, the Max '91 Solar Optical Universal Polarimeter (SOUP) Investigation. Co-Investigator on the Orbiting Solar Laboratory (OSL) Coordinated Filtergraph and Spectrograph, the Spacelab 2 Flight of SOUP (July, 1985), the Michelson Doppler Imager (MDI) for compare point view, SoHO, and the TRACE Small Explorer. 1971-76 Kellogg Radiation Laboratory, California Institute of Technology. Graduate study in physics, specializing in stellar structure and evolution. Principal Investigator, Lockheed Independent Research Projects in Adaptive Optics, Image Analysis and Solar Physics, 1980-95. Principal Investigator, NASA Studies of the Photosphere and Chromosphere at High Resolution, 1991-98. Member, NSF Global Oscillations Network Group, 1987- Member, NASA Solar Physics Management Operations Working Group, 1986-92. Member, Committee on Solar and Space Physics of the Space Studies Board, 1987-90.
Member, National Solar Observatory Users Committee, 1988-90. Member, Advisory Committee of AAS Solar Physics Division, 1992-94. Some Recent Publications. The Solar Oscillations Investigation - Michelson Doppler Imager (with P. Scherrer et al. ), Solar Physics, Vol. 162, 1995, p. 129. Michelson Doppler Imager Performance Characteristics (with I. Zayer et al. ), in GONG `94: Helio- and Asteroseismology From the Earth and Space, ed. Essay Son Relationships? R. Ulrich, 1994. The Transition Region and compare Coronal Explorer (TRACE) (with A. Title et al .), in short growth SoHO III Workshop Proceedings, ed.
M. Compare Contrast? Dreyer, 1994. The Magnetic and Velocity Geometry of Simple Sunspots (with A. Title et al. ), Astrophys. J., Vol. Father Son Relationships? 403, 1993, p. Contrast Essay Point View? 780. Patterns in the Photospheric Magnetic Field and how to in essays Percolation Theory (with C. Schrijver et al. ), Astron. Astrophys., Vol. Contrast Essay? 253, 1992, p. L1. Michael J. Thompson. Thompson received his B.A. degree in mathematics from the University of on inclusive growth Cambridge, UK, in 1981, and his Ph.D. in astrophysics (also from Cambridge) in contrast essay point 1988.
Between 1987 and 1990 he held postdoctoral positions at Aarhus University, Denmark, at essays the High Altitude Observatory, Boulder CO, and at essay point the Institute for Theoretical Physics, Santa Barbara CA. Since 1990 he has been in the Astronomy Unit, Queen Mary Westfield College, University of London, UK, as a Lecturer and examples of good more recently as Reader in compare contrast essay point Mathematics and easy topics for problem solution essay Astronomy. Main areas of research. Thompson's main research interests are in the structure and dynamics of the interior of the essay point view, Sun and other stars, and in helio- and asteroseismology. On Save River? His early work was on contrast view the effect of rotation and magnetic fields on stellar oscillations, and this continues to be a major interest, together with using oscillation data to constrain the rotation and magnetic fields of stellar interiors. Thompson has worked extensively on essay on inclusive economic the development, application and compare contrast essay view interpretation of inverse techniques in essay on inclusive economic helioseismology. Major applications have been to studying the compare contrast essay view, hydrostatic structure of the easy topics for problem solution essay, Sun and its internal rotation. Other professional activities.
Thompson is an compare essay point, Associate Investigator on SOI-MDI on the SOHO satellite, and co-leader with J. Toomre of the Internal Rotation team in that project. Quote Articles? He has served on compare view the Data Users Committee of the essay river, Global Oscillations Network Group (GONG), of which he is a member. He is on the editorial board of Astronomical Astrophysical Transactions; a member of the International Astronomical Union and of the European Astronomical Society; and a Fellow of the Royal Astronomical Society. He is currently, with D. Gough, writing a book on helioseismology for Cambridge University Press. The effect of rotation and a buried magnetic field on stellar oscillations (with D. O. Compare Essay View? Gough), Mon. Not. R. astr. Soc., 242, 25 - 55 (1990).
A comparison of methods for inverting helioseismic data (with J. Christensen-Dalsgaard J. Schou), Mon. Not. R. Topics For Problem Solution Essay? astr. Essay Point? Soc., 242, 353 - 369 (1990). The effect of an inclined magnetic field on solar oscillation frequencies (with P. R. Goode), Astrophys. J. 395, 307 - 315 (1992).
Faster formulations of the optimally localized averages method for helioseismic inversion (with F. P. Pijpers), Astron. Astrophys. 262, L33 - L36 (1992). On comparing helioseismic two-dimensional inversion methods (with J. Schou J. Christensen-Dalsgaard), Astrophys. J., 433, 389 - 416 (1994). Helioseismic estimation of convective overshoot in the Sun (with M. J. P. F. G. Monteiro J. Christensen-Dalsgaard), Mon. Night Essay Father Son Relationships? Not. R. astr. Soc., 276, 283 - 292 (1995).
Linear inversions for the Sun's internal rotation Inverse Problems, 11, 709 - 730 (1995). Measurement of the rotation rate in the deep solar interior (with S. Tomczyk J. Schou), Astrophys. J., 448, L57 - L60 (1995). Differential rotation and dynamics of the compare point view, solar interior (with J. Toomre et al.), Science, 272, 1300 - 1305 (1996). Solar internal sound speed as inferred from combined BiSON and LOWL oscillation frequencies (with S. Basu et al.), Mon. Not.
R. astr. Soc. 291, 243 - 251 (1997). Helioseismic studies with SOI-MDI of differential rotation in the solar envelope (with J. Schou et al.), Astrophys. J., submitted. Consulting Physicist, Solar and Astrophysics Department, Advance Technology Center, Lockheed Martin Missiles Space Company, Inc. Professor and essay father son relationships Co-Director Stanford-Lockheed Institute for Space Research, Stanford University, Stanford, CA.
Ph.D., Physics, 1966, California Institute of Technology. B. Essay? A., Mathematics, 1960, University of California, Los Angeles. Principal Investigator, TRACE Small Explorer Mission. 1993 - present. Principal Investigator, Solar Lite, 1994- present. Principal Investigator, Michelson Vector Magnetograph, 1995- present. Co-Investigator responsible for science instrument, MDI for SOHO, 1988-present. Executive Committee of easy Space Science Board. Executive Panel NRC Astrophysics Decadal Survey. NRC Study Task Group on Solar Physics.
P. C. Martens, N. E. Hurlburt, A.M. Title, L. Acton, An Analytical Model for Fluted Sunspots, and essay view its Relation with Evershed Flow and X-Ray Anemone, Astrophysical Journal, 463, 372, 1996. Title, A. M. and Berger, T. E., Double Gaussian Models of Bright Points or Why Bright Points are Usually Dark, Astrophysical Journal, 463, 797, 1996. T. E. Berger and A. M. Title, On the Dynamics of Small Scale Magnetic Elements, Astrophysical Journal, 463, 365, 1996. L.H. Strouss, G.B.Schramer, T.D.Tarbell, A. Short Essay Economic? M. Title, C. Zwaan, Phenomena in an emerging active region. Compare Essay Point? I. Horizontal Dynamics, Astronomy and Astrophysics, 306, 947, 1996. C.J.
Schrijver, R. A. On Inclusive Economic? Shine, N. E. Hurlburt, H.J. Hagenaar, A. Compare Essay Point? M. Title, L.H. Words Essays? Strouss, S.M. Jefferies, T.L. Duval. J.W. Harvey, A.R. Jones, Dynamics of the Chromospheric Network: Mobility, Dispersal, and Difusion Coefficients, Astrophysical Journal, 468, 921, 1996. J. T. Hagenaar, C. J. Schrijver, A. M. Title, The Distribution of Cell Sizes of the Solar Chromospheric Network, Astrophysical Journal, 481, 481, 1997. K.P. Topka, T. D. Tarbell, A.M.
Title, Properties of the Smallest Magnetic Elements II: Irradiance Variations Due to Active Region Faculae, Astrophysical Journal, 484,479, 1997. T. E. Berger, M.G. Lofdahl, R.A. Shine, A. M. Title, Measurements of Solar Magnetic Element Motions from High-Resolution Filtergrams, Astrophysical Journal, 495, 973, 1998. C. J. Schrijver, A. M. Title, K.L. Harvey, N.R. Scheeley Jr., Y-M. Wang, G. Contrast? H. How To? J. den Oord, R. Compare Contrast Essay Point View? A. Shine, T. D. Tarbell, N. E. Hurlburt, Large-Scale Coronal Heating by the Dynamic Small-Scale Magnetic Field of the words, Sun, Nature, 394,152, 1998. Toomre received B.Sc. and M.Sc. Essay Point View? degrees from the Massachusetts Institute of Technology in essay aeronautics and astronautics in 1963, and then went to England as a Marshall Scholar to receive a Ph.D. from Trinity College, University of Cambridge in applied mathematics in compare view 1967. Since 1975 Toomre has been a professor of essay river astrophysics in the Department of Astrophysical and Planetary Sciences, and a fellow of the Joint Institute for Laboratory Astrophysics (JILA), University of Colorado, Boulder. Main Research Areas:
Toomre's research and compare contrast essay view teaching centers on essay on save ganga astrophysical fluid dynamics (AFD), with particular emphasis on nonlinear theories for compressible convection in stars, and in studying nonlinear dynamical systems exhibiting multiple bifurcations and chaos. Contrast View? Toomre is particularly interested in topics where theoretical work related to fluid dynamics can be challenged and tested by observation and experiment. He is active in turbulence theory and simulation, with extensive experience in the use of vector supercomputers, massively parallel machines, high-speed networks, archival storage systems, and major visualization systems. Toomre has sustained interests in helioseismology, using observations of the frequency-splitting of five-minute oscillations of the essays, sun to search for subphotospheric flows, large-scale structures and differential rotation in the convection zone; inverse theory has been developed to interpret the data. Point? Toomre is short essay on inclusive economic a Co-I on the helioseismology SOI--MDI high-resolution Doppler imaging experiment onboard the SOHO spacecraft, now positioned at the L1 Lagrangian point. Toomre has been on compare contrast point the board of directors of AURA (Association of Universities for on inclusive growth, Research in Astronomy, operating the National Optical Astronomy Observatories). He is on compare contrast essay point the Observatories Council with oversight for NOAO, and has served as member and chair of the Space Telescope Institute Council (STIC) which has oversight for the Space Telescope Science Institute. Toomre is chair of the night father, scientific advisory committee to GONG (Global Oscillations Network Group), the major NSF ground-based observational project in helioseismology. He is co-leader of the dynamics and inversion team of GONG, and contrast essay point co-leader of the quote articles mla, rotation inversion team on SOI--MDI. Magnetic Fields Interacting with Nonlinear Compressible Convection, Astrophys.
J. 327, 920--932 (1988), with N.E. Essay Point View? Hurlburt. Seismic Observations of the Solar Interior, Ann. Rev. Astron. Astrophys. 29, 627--684 (1991), with D.O. Gough.
Ionization Effects in Three-Dimensional Solar Granulation Simulations, Astrophys. J. 408, L53--L56 (1993), with M.P. Rast, A. Nordlund and R.F. Stein. Penetration Below a Convection Zone, Astrophys. J. 421, 245--260 (1994), with N.E. Hurlburt, J.M. Massaguer, J.-P.
Zahn. Turbulent Dynamics in the Solar Convection Zone, Science 269, 1370--1379 and short color cover (1995), with N.H. Compare View? Brummell, F. Cattaneo. Differential Rotation and Dynamics of the Solar Interior, Science 272, 1300--1305 and color cover (1996), with M.J. Thompson and the GONG inversion team. Structure and Rotation of the short essay, Solar Interior: Initial Results from the MDI Medium-L Program, Solar Phys., 170, 43-61 (1997), with A.G. Kosovichev et al. (SOI Inversion Teams). Turbulent Compressible Convection with Rotation. II: Mean Flows and Differential Rotation, Astrophys. J., 493, 955--969 (1998), with N.H.
Brummell, N.E. Hurlburt. B.S. June, 1963 - Chemistry, University of California, Berkeley. Ph.D. Compare Contrast Essay View? June, 1968 - Astronomy, University of California, Berkeley. History of essay on save ganga river Employment: Research Fellow, Kellogg Radiation Laboratory, California Institute of Technology, Pasadena, 1968-69. Assistant Professor of Astronomy, July 1, 1969 - June 30, 1973, University of California, Los Angeles. Associate Professor of Astronomy, July 1, 1973 - June 30, 1977, University of California, Los Angeles. Professor of compare contrast essay view Astronomy, July 1, 1977 - current, University of California, Los Angeles.
Solar Physics Working Group, Field Committee, 1980; Advocacy Panel for Solar Physics, National Academy of Science Solar Physics Study, 1981 - 1983; Member Committee on Space Astronomy and Astrophysics of the Space Science Board, National Academy of Science, 1987 - 1989; Member GONG Science Advisory Council 1985 - present; Member Committee on examples of good conclusions Solar and Space Physics of the Space Science Board, National Academy of Science, 1993 - 1996. Ulrich, R.K., Boyden, J.E., Webster, L., Snodgrass, H.B., Padilla, S.P., Gilman P. and essay view Shieber, T.; Solar Rotation Measurements at Mt. Wilson V. Reanalysis of 21 Years of Data;1988; Solar Phys; 117; 291. Snodgrass, H.B. and Ulrich, R.K.; Rotation of Doppler Features in the Solar Photosphere; 1989; ApJ; 351; 309.
Ulrich, R.K., Webster, L., Boyden, J.E., Magnone, N. and Bogart, R.S.;A System for Line Profile Studies at the 150-Foot Tower on essay on inclusive Mount Wilson;1991; Solar Phys; 135; 211-241. Ulrich, R.K.; The Controversial Sun; 1993; A. Baglin and W.W. Weiss; Proceedings of IAU Colloquium 137, Inside the Stars; Ast. Soc. Pacific; San Franscisco; 25-42. Ulrich, R.K., Rhodes, E.J., Jr. and Dappen, W., editors: 1995; GONG'94 --- Helios- and Astero-Seismology from the Earth and Space; Astron. Soc. of Pacific, 688 pages. Ulrich, R.K. and Bertello, L.; Solar-cycle dependence of the Sun's apparent radius in contrast the neutral iron spectral line at 525 nm; 1995; Nature; 377; 214-215. Ulrich, R.K. and Bertello, L.; Solar Rotation Measurements at Mount Wilson over the Period 1990-95; 1996; ApJLett; 465; L65-L68. Ulrich, R.K.; Observations of MHD oscillations in the solar atmosphere with properties of Alfven waves; 1996; ApJ; 465; 436-450.
Ulrich, R.K. and Bertello, L.; Solar Cycle Dependence of the Sun's Radius at lambda525.0 nm; 1995; J.T. Hoeksema, V. Domingo, B. Fleck and B. Battrick, eds.; Helioseismology -- Fourth SOHO Workshop, 2-6 April, 1995, Vol. On Save? 2; ESA SP-376; Noordwijk, The Netherlands; 107-111. Gabriel, A.H., and 29 authors including R.K. Ulrich; Global Oscillations at Low Frequency from the SOHO Mission (GOLF); 1995; Solar Phys; 162; 61. Gabriel, A.H., and compare contrast essay 23 authors including R. Ulrich; Performance and Early Results from the words, GOLF Instrument Flown on the SOHO Mission; 1997; Solar Phys; 175; 207-226. Lazrek, M., and 19 authors including R. Ulrich; First Results on p modes from GOLF Experiment; 1997; Solar Phys; 175; 227-246. Turck-Chieze., S., and 18 authors including R. Ulrich; First View of the Solar Core from compare essay point view GOLF Acoustic Modes; 1997; Solar Phys; 175; 247-265. Toutain, T., and 19 authors including R. Ulrich; Tri-Phonic Helioseismology: Comparison of Solar p Modes Observed by the Helioseismology Instruments Aboard SOHO; 1997; Solar Phys; 175; 311-32. Arthur B. C. Walker, II. 1953 - 57 B.S. in Physics (honors), Case Institute of Technology, Cleveland, OH.
1957 - 62 Ph.D. in Physics, University of Illinois, Urbana, IL. 1962-65 Active duty with the U.S. Air Force Air Force Weapons Laboratory. Developed rocket and satellite experiments to measure Van Allen radiation belts. 1965 - 74 Space Physics Laboratory of growth The Aerospace Corporation. Senior Staff Scientist Conducted experiments in solar physics, specializing in compare contrast essay studies of the solar x-ray flux. 1974 - Faculty of Stanford University, currently Professor of Physics and Applied Physics. Training of Ph.D.
Students: Supervised the dissertation research of 10 students who have received the Ph.D.; currently supervises the research of night son relationships 5 Ph.D. candidates. Dr. Walker's research has concentrated on the development of point view x-ray astronomical instrumentation for the spectroscopic study of high temperature low density astrophysical plasmas on space borne platforms. At The Aerospace Corporation, he developed rocket and satellite instruments for the study of the solar corona, including Bragg crystal spectrometers flown on the Air Force OV1-10 and short essay on inclusive OV1-17 satellites, resulting in several of the earliest high resolution astronomical x-ray spectral observations, and the first astronomical identification of x-ray dielectronic recombination lines. At Stanford, he has developed several grazing incidence Wolter and normal incidence multilayer Cassegrain x-ray optical systems which have been flown on rockets. He lead the group that obtained the first high resolution normal incidence multilayer optics x-ray image of the compare contrast essay view, sun. He has also studied the abundance structure of the ISM. He is currently part of for problem essay a collaboration developing x-ray microcalorimeters for contrast point view, the Constellation program. Dr. Walker has served on or chaired a number of NASA, NSF, and conclude essays National Academy of Science Committees on national research policies and priorities.
In 1986, President Reagan appointed Dr. Walker to the Presidential Commission on the Space Shuttle Challenger Accident. Major Scientific Projects: Dr. Walker has been selected as PI, Co-PI, or Co-I on HEAO (1972-1974); ISPM (1979-1981), the Space Station Freedom (1989-1992) and SOHO (1991-). Observation and Modeling of the Transition Region on the Sun: I. (H.
M. Compare Contrast Essay Point View? Oluseyi, A. B. C. Walker, II, J. Porter, R. Easy Topics Solution Essay? B. View? Hoover, T. W. Barbee Jr), submitted to Astrophys. J. 1998. Observation and Modeling of Soft X-ray Bright Points II. (C. C. Kankelborg, A. B. C. Walker II., T. W. Barbee, R. B. Hoover), Astrophysical Journal 491, 952 1998. Chromospheric and Coronal Structure of Polar Plumes (M. J. Allen, A .B. C. Walker, II., H. Oluseyi, R. B. Hoover, T. W. Night Son Relationships? Barbee, Jr.) Solar Physics 175, 1997. Observation and Modeling of Soft x-ray Bright Points (C. C. Compare Essay View? Kankelborg, A. B. C. Walker II., T. W. Barbee and R. Short On Inclusive Economic? B. Hoover), Astrophysical Journal 466, 529, 1996.
Graduated from Space Physics Section, Department of Geophysics, Peking University, 1957-1963 (There was no degree system in China before 1980) Lecturer, Peking University 1963-1984. Associate Professor, Peking University 1985-1989 (The promotion system in China does not work regularly) Ionospherical Physics 1964-1965. University Physics 1974, 1976, 1978, 1985, 1987.
Magnetohydrodynmics and Solar Wind 1975, 1977, 1982, 1984, 1986. Visiting scholar and scientist, High Altitude Observatory worked with Drs. A. Compare Essay? J. Hundhausen and T. E. Holzer 22 months from Sept. 1979 to July 1981 on night father the subjects of: Three-dimensional structure of the solar wind plasma and interplanetary magnetic fields; The acceleration and thermal anisotropy of the solar wind plasma; Visiting scientist, Stanford University: worked with Dr.
J. Contrast Point? M. Wilcox 5 months from essays Aug. 1981 to essay point view Dec. Easy Solution? 1981 on the subject of view IMF sector boundaries; Visiting scientist, High Altitude Observatory: worked with Dr. A. Essay On Save? J. Compare Essay? Hundhausen 15 months from Oct. 1987 to Dec.
1988 on the subject of large-scale coronal structures: streamers and mass ejections; Visiting scientist, Catholic University of America: worked with Drs. Y. C. Whang and K. W. In Essays? Ogilvie 19 months from Jan. 1989 to July 1990 on the subject of Modeling the point, heating and acceleration of the solar wind minor ions across interplanetary fast shocks and coronal slow shocks; slow shocks; Visiting Senior Research Scientist, Stanford University: worked with Drs.
P. H. Scherrer and J. T. Hoeksema 12 months from Aug. 1990 to short essay growth July 1991 on the subject of structure and dynamics of solar and heliomagnetic fields.
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Traditional Gender Roles Essay Examples Outline. Are you in High School, College, Masters, Bachelors or Ph.D and need specialist in your field to help write your research paper? All you need is to contrast essay, ask for research paper help written by on save ganga, a specialist in your academic field. When you buy an compare, essay online from us, we offer you an original, nil plagiarized and unique paper written by a dedicated writer who is PhD or Masters qualified. Words Conclude? MyEssayServices.com is an experienced service with over compare contrast, 9 years experience having delivered over 83,000 essays over the years. The events of the past decade of the millennium have had a significant influence on the gender roles. Study of gender has emerged as a central trend in sociology. Sociologists must account for effects of the millennium recession and the global patterns. This paper documents the evidence for the traditional gender roles (Aalberg Jenssen, 2007).
It is important to link sociological explanation of gender with other disciplines such as sexuality in order to understand the traditional concepts of gender. Sociology is essays concerned with the human behavior and how it is shaped by the group life. Research on compare essay view, gender indicates that the short on inclusive growth social interactions in the society are influenced by gender. Explanation of gendering has formed a foundation of the theoretical and empirical studies (Morris, 2006). Compare Contrast Essay Point View? The paper will provide evidence of constant reinforcement of the gender roles. Night Father Son Relationships? Additionally, the paper will explain the compare view changing gender roles in essay, the society.
A role is an contrast point, expected behavior, which is associated with the social status. Societal norms dictate the essays gender roles since they are the compare contrast essay rules that determine the essay ganga river privileges and responsibilities that the social status accords to a person. Female and males, daughters and sons, and mothers and fathers are statuses that are attached to the gender roles. The social status of the mother calls for a certain set of roles such as loving, nurturing, home making and self-sacrifice. The social status of the father calls for the expected role of the contrast breadwinner or the conclusions for research papers main provider for the family. Fathers are also disciplinarians, hands on person and compare essay view the highest decision making authority. The society allows for some levels of flexibility of the gender roles such that in times of rapid change, the clarity of the society-imposed gender roles is always at a flux (Morris, 2006). The most important change in the United States labor market is the increase of father women in point view, the labor force. Mothers are moving towards employment and the traditional gender roles are always changing. The changes in gender roles leads to a situation whereby the examples of good society becomes normless since the traditional gender roles have changed and new norms are yet to be developed.
For instance, the change in gender roles from home based unpaid role to permanent employment in organizations led to a norm less situation. This was particularly aggravated since the mothers with preschool children were on the forefront of the change. Before the onset of the modern colonial family, the gender roles were specifically different from the usual. Compare Contrast Point? Families were larger and the concept of the nuclear family was nonexistent. Father? Working was done in compare point, the communal manner whereby the papers families would work towards a common goal. If it were construction, all members of the extended family would play their role in the project (Aalberg Jenssen, 2007). Everyone’s input was set even though the men were the main technical people as it is today. However, the colonial and Christian backed notion of the family unit led to the creation of a new norm in the society, which placed the men as main providers for their family. The extended family was increasingly becoming annihilated from the decision making process since most of the compare essay point view economic changes did not permit them to work in a certain manner. Creation of the ideal family was solely dependent on the newly formed norms.
These norms of the patriarchal society have dominated the society leading to the development of a certain perception of the gender roles until recently when their fundamental foundations have been tested. Statuses and roles in words conclude essays, the society allow the people to live in consistent and predictable manner (Aalberg Jenssen, 2007). The roles and statuses work hand in hand with the compare point view established norms to prescribe the behavior of the society and ease the interaction between the people that occupy different social statuses and short essay on inclusive growth roles regardless of whether the interacting parties have prior encounters with each other. Predictability is insidious since when the contrast essay point view normative roles are too rigid, the freedom of action is greatly hindered. Rigid definition of the social roles has led to the development of stereotypes concerning the gender roles whereby the oversimplification of the conceptions of the essay on save people that belong to the same social statuses leads to the discrimination of other people.
However, in rare occasions, the stereotypes can include positive aspects. Traditional stereotypes of the gender roles are developed according to the traits that the social groups are supposed to possess. Women are presented as flighty and beyond the control. This assertion is compare view mainly developed due to biological fact that they possess ranging hormones that predisposes them to unpredictable emotional based judgments. The assignment of the aforementioned stereotypes is uncalled for since there is a tendency of developing sexist attitudes towards the solution women (Aalberg Jenssen, 2007). The society is at risk of assuming that the women are inferior due to the inability of acting rationally. It is important to note that not only women experience negative gender based stereotypes. The prominence of the negative stereotypes on women comes from the fact that the social statuses occupied by women are more stigmatized than the ones occupied by men. Compare Point? For instance, women are more likely to occupy statuses inside and outside the home setting that are deemed inferior compared to the men.
The beliefs of inferiority of women due to their biological make up are traditionally reinforced and examples papers later used as a basis for sexist discrimination. Sexism thrives on the patriarchal systems, which have male dominance and overt discrimination of women. Patriarchy exhibits male centered norms hence it is androcentric. Sexist beliefs are reinforced when patriarchy and contrast view androcentricism combine to propel the notion that the gender norms are biological and permanent. For instance, the belief those women are unsuitable for any other role apart from the domestic chores has been a major hindrance of development among the societies in the developing world. Essay On Save Ganga River? This is the case mainly because there is a preference of the male children when it comes to education opportunities. The perception has led to point view, the installation of the male members of the society as the authors, disseminators and enforcers of the gender based roles. There has always been a considerable level of confusion regarding the differences between sex and gender. However, increasing research has led to the development of more awareness on the major aspects that distinguish sex from gender.
Sex is biological since it focuses on the anatomical features that distinguish a male from female and vice versa. The biological definition of the females and males focuses on the genetically make up, hormones, anatomy and other features that come from the physiology. Gender is a social construct. Quote In Essays Mla? It is the social and compare contrast essay view cultural aspects of the male and female that have been propounded though the different social contexts. Sex only applies in the distinction of the male and female while gender determine who is masculine or feminine. Sex is ascribed to the person at the time of birth while gender has to be learnt from the norms and practices of the society. Evidence reinforcing traditional gender roles. Gender roles are evident in the mainstream media. Media prays women as nurturing and gentle since they have to take care of other members of the society.
They are often concerned with their appearance and that have to ensure that they have the words right appearance and poise since it is required of them to ascribe to the norms imposed on them by the society. Women are also depicted as emotional and they make their decisions according to contrast essay point view, how they feel even when the evidence points out that the easy topics for problem essay decision based on feelings is unattainable. Men are depicted as logical since they try to attain the best outcome out compare contrast essay point of the examples for research papers situation that they are undergoing. Competitiveness is a major aspect of the contrast view male gender role that comes out in the media. For instance, men watch and participate in examples of good conclusions for research papers, rough sports to display their competitiveness. Men are also displayed as aloof in that they work alone towards the attainment of compare contrast essay point view a certain goal. However, when they work in a group, there is always a high degree of dominance of the group decisions by a certain member. Easy Topics For Problem Essay? This member is the alpha male and is independent. The media also sells the proposition that men are more dominant over the women. Essay Point? The media portrays the women as emphatic more than it portrays their male counterparts. The media is more likely to display women as sex objects as opposed to the men.
Media is awash with necessary images of women that create a surreal expectation. The female body is normally used to advertise things that are sexual in nature. For instance, the video games display women with large breasts and attractive. Their role to the development of the night essay father plot is compare usually limited since they are only in the video game for their sexual aspects (Aalberg Jenssen, 2007). There is also constant pressure among the women to attain certain standards of beauty due to the constant reinforcement of some perceptions of what makes one beautiful. Some of the media content places pressure on women on not only their bodies but also their attractiveness and marital status through content full of beautiful, young and single women (Morris, 2006). Women often dress in a provocative manner compared to essay father, men due to the media imposed stereotype that the women have to maintain a certain appearance. Media programs display the teenage girls as overtly passive. The teenage girl in the media is concerned with her appearance, shopping or relationships, which are superficial topics. The teenage girls that stray from the norm always end up being outlasted since they chose better topics such as career development.
The irony of this stereotype is compare essay point view that the girls are the ones that are responsible for hindering their own development while the society seems innocent (Morris, 2006). Essay On Inclusive? The reality is that the society has engineered the societal norms with accuracy and there is no way that one can distance the society role in the media stereotype creation. Media also reinforces the traditional roles of the women and men by indicating the men as the better-paid employees in the organization. The media has the ability to come up with the right approach to the women but it seeks to propound the real life experiences of the women. The job positions displayed in the media are better paying and more prestigious when they are occupied by men (Aalberg Jenssen, 2007). The occasional strong woman figure is juxtaposed with a lower cadre employee with a sense of amiability and social acceptance.
The media will make the lower cadre employee look better in the audience compared to the executives. The executives are always displayed as sad members of the society whose life rotates around the work situation. Their distinction from the job is view highly unlikely since they exist only to work since they cannot fulfill the traditional roles (Morris, 2006). The conspicuous effort of the media to display the women in on save ganga, certain manner has led to the propulsion of the notion that there are some roles that the women have to fulfill failure of which they have to accept the description accorded to them as empty mechanistic people (Morris, 2006). The homemakers in the media are lauded for their selfless efforts in the sustenance of the family unit and their knack for view performance. This leads to the reinforcement of the traditional gender role for the women as the homemakers due to their nurturing role.
Downplaying the input of the single executive in the workplace is essay ganga a sexist move meant to propound the notion that women re inferior to men. Effects of exposure to compare essay point view, media. Media is essays a major influencer among the young generation members. The children that are exposed to multiple gender images will most likely adopt the stereotype since it is a norm. Fewer children will work with the counter stereotype. The stereotypes have negative effects of lowering the self-esteem and dignity of women. Contrast Essay View? Some of essay ganga them are changing their outlook since they have mounting dissatisfaction with their bodies (Aalberg Jenssen, 2007). Images of lonely and isolated executives have the effect of hindering the contrast point view career development among women. The media reinforced gender roles regarding the behavior of men and conclusions for research women leading to entrenchment of the practices of the society along the compare contrast view gender roles.
Studies indicate that TV viewership can reinforce the attitudes of the women towards themselves and topics essay subjects such as career. The consistent messages passed through the contrast essay view mainstream media have two effect, in the first instance; the consistent messages can reinforce the traditional beliefs such that the women that were trying to work against the grain are forced to conform to the traditional perceptions of the gender roles. Conclude Essays? The second effect of the media is the compare point view creation of new perceptions of gender whereby there are new aspects of gender that all the for problem essay women learn. Compare Contrast Essay Point View? Changing perceptions can alter the gender roles if they are strong enough. In conclusion, traditional gender roles persist due to the increasing reinforcement of the examples of good papers said roles by the media.
Media depiction of the two genders leads to the reinforcement of the traditional gender roles whereby the boys are termed to be different from the girls. The media also portrays what becomes of the women or men that do not work according to the gender roles since they become pariahs in the society (Aalberg Jenssen, 2007). In order to be a member of the society, a person is compare contrast essay point view forced to conform to the gender roles. Aalberg, T. Jenssen, A.T. For Research? (2007). Gender stereotyping of political candidates: An experimental study of political communication, Nordicom Review, 28, 17-32.
Morris, P. (2006,). Point? Gender in print advertisements: A snapshot of representations from around the world. Media Report to Women, 34, 13-20. Client: (Berlin, G.K., CA) Topic title: Leadership shortfalls in Blue Chips