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araby essay topics Sample Essays Analyzing James Joyce's Short Story Araby The content consists of brief but condensations of the action of the help level, story. The content tells your reader what happens. Remember that you cannot relate all the action. Your outline willhelp you select only those points necessary to your reader's understanding of your interpretation of the work. Study the summary essay below to discover its organization. Note the proportion given in each paragraph to summary and to interpretation.

Theintroduction identifies the work and the author. Then, following back-ground information about the story, the writer states his thesis. In the bodyof the essay, each topic sentence points to a specific block of action or adevelopment in the story. The content of each paragraph is admissions essay college, devoted to asummary of a selected block of action, and the last sentence of each para-graph evaluates and interprets the action described. This process-summary followed by interpretation-continues through each paragraph tothe conclusion of the essay. It is the interpretation that gives meaning andsignificance both to english, the story and to the essay. In the essay that follows, note the use of quotations and how each aids understanding and imparts asense of the style and manner of the an essay movie, work.

James Joyce's Araby: Summary of an Epiphany. Each of the fifteen stories in James Joyce's Dubliners presents aflat, rather spatial portrait. The visual and symbolic details embeddedin each story, however, are highly concentrated, and each story culmi-nates in an epiphany. In Joycean terms, an epiphany is english coursework, a momentwhen the cover letter admissions advisor, essence of english coursework a character is revealed , when all the forces thatbear on his life converge, and we can, in that instant, understand him.Each story in the collection is centered in an epiphany, and eachstory is concerned with some failure or deception, which results in re-alization and disillusionment. Araby follows this pattern. Themeaning is environment essay competition, revealed in a young boy's psychic journey from coursework, first love to despair and disappointment, and the theme is found in the boy'sdiscovery of the discrepancy between the best 2007, real and the ideal in english help level life. Essay College? The story opens with a description of North Richmond Street, ablind, cold . .. silent street where the houses gazed at one an-other with brown imperturbable faces. It is a street of fixed, decaying conformity and false piety. English Coursework Help Level? The boy's house contains the samesense of a dead present and a lost past. The former tenant, a priest,died in the back room of the house, and his legacy-several old yel-lowed books, which the boy enjoys leafing through because they areold, and media competition a bicycle pump rusting in the back yard-become symbolsof the intellectual and religious vitality of the past.

The boy, in themidst of such decay and spiritual paralysis, experiences the confusedidealism and dreams of first love and english coursework help level his awakening becomes incom-patible with and in ironic contrast to the staid world about him. Every morning before school the boy lies on the floor in thefront parlor peeking out cover admissions advisor, through a crack in the blind of the english coursework level, door,watching and waiting for the girl next door to emerge from her houseand walk to school. He is cover, shy and still boyish. He follows her, walkssilently past, not daring to speak, overcome with a confused sense ofsensual desire and religious adoration. In his mind she is help, both a saintto be worshipped and a woman to be desired.

His eyes are often fullof tears, and one evening he goes to the back room where the priesthad died. Clasping the palms of his hands together, he murmurs, 0love! 0 love! in a prayer not to God, but to the concept of deadlines love andperhaps even to the girl, his love. Walking with his aunt to shop onSaturday evenings he imagines that the girl's image accompanies him,and that he protects her in places the most hostile to romance. Inthe mixed symbolism of the Christian and the Romantic or Orientalmyths Joyce reveals the english coursework level, epiphany in the story: These noises con-verged in a single sensation of life for me: I imagined that I bore mychalice safely through a throng of foes. He is unable to talk to thegirl. Drifting away from his schoolmates' boyish games, the into a book, boy hasfantasies in his isolation, in english level the ecstasy and pain of first love. Finally the girl speaks to the boy.

She asks him if he is going toAraby. He replies that if he does he will bring her a gift, and fromthat moment, his thoughts upon the mixed imagery of the saintly lightupon her hair and the potential sensuality of the white border of apetticoat, the advisor, boy cannot sleep or study. The word Araby cast anEastern enchantment over him, and then on the night he is to go tothe bazaar his uncle neglects to return home. Neither the aunt noruncle understands the boy's need and anguish, and thus his isolationis deepened. Help? We begin to see that the deadlines, story is not so much a story oflove as it is a rendition of the world in which the boy lives. The second part of the story depicts the boy's inevitable disap-pointment and english realization. In such an atmosphere of blindness-the aunt and uncle unaware of the boy's anguish, the girl not con-scious of the boy's love, and the boy himself blind to the true natureof his love-the words hostile to romance take on letter admissions ironic overtones.These overtones deepen when the boy arrives too late at the bazaar.It is coursework, closing and the hall is in darkness. He recognizes a silencelike that which prevades a church after a service but the bazaar isdirty and disappointing. Two men are counting money on long essay a salverand he listens to the fall of the coins. A young lady, bored withhim and interested in two men who are flirting with her, cheapensand destroys the boy's sense of an coursework help, Eastern enchantment.

His love,like his quest for a gift to draw the girl to him in american essays an unfriendly world,ends with his realizing that his love existed only in his mind. Thus. the theme of the story-the discrepancy between the real and english coursework level theideal-is made final in the bazaar, a place of tawdry make-believe.The epiphany in which the boy lives a dream in spite of the ugly andthe worldly is brought to its inevitable conclusion: the single sensa-tion of life disintegrates. The boy senses the falsity of his dreams andhis eyes burn with anguish and anger. Essay #2 Using Setting and Atmosphere. Remember that setting is usually a part of atmosphere and that atmo-sphere consists of the prevailing tone of the work and its resultant meaningor effect. Some works will not warrant an essay devoted to environment essay competition, setting and at-mosphere; others, like Joyce's Araby, will be so profoundly dependentupon a particular setting that to ignore its importance will be to miss muchof the meaning of the work. Dream Versus Reality: Setting and Atmosphere in James Joyce's Araby Convinced that the Dublin of the 1900's was a center of spiri-tual paralysis, James Joyce loosely but thematically tied together hisstories in Dubliners by means of their common setting. Each of thestories consists of a portrait in english level which Dublin contributes in some wayto the dehumanizing experience of modem life.

The boy in the storyAraby is 2007, intensely subject to english, the city's dark, hopeless conformity,and his tragic yearning toward the exotic in admissions advisor the face of drab, uglyreality forms the center of the story. On its simplest level, Araby is a story about a boy's first love.On a deeper level, however, it is a story about the world in which helives-a world inimical to ideals and dreams. This deeper level is in-troduced and developed in several scenes: the opening description ofthe boy's street, his house, his relationship to coursework help, his aunt and uncle, theinformation about the an essay movie dragonfly, priest and his belongings, the boy's two trips-his walks through Dublin shopping and coursework level his subsequent ride toAraby. North Richmond Street is described metaphorically and presentsthe reader with his first view of the boy's world. The street is blind; it is a dead end, yet its inhabitants are smugly complacent; the housesreflect the attitudes of their inhabitants. The houses are imperturba-ble in the quiet, the cold, the dark muddy lanes and darkdripping gardens. The first use of essays 2007 situational irony is introducedhere, because anyone who is aware, who is not spiritually blinded orasleep, would feel oppressed and endangered by North RichmondStreet. The people who live there (represented by the boy's aunt anduncle) are not threatened, however, but are falsely pious and dis-creetly but deeply self-satisfied.

Their prejudice is dramatized by theaunt's hopes that Araby, the bazaar the boy wants to english coursework, visit, is not14some Freemason affair, and by old Mrs. Mercer's gossiping overtea while collecting stamps for some pious purpose. The background or world of blindness extends from a generalview of the long should college, street and its inhabitants to the boy's personal relation-ships. It is not a generation gap but a'gap in english the spirit, in empathy and conscious caring, that results in the uncle's failure to arrive homein time for the boy to go to cover letter admissions advisor, the bazaar while it is still open. English Coursework? Theuncle has no doubt been to the local pub, negligent and american introduction indifferent tothe boy's anguish and impatience. The boy waits well into the eveningin the imperturbable house with its musty smell and old, uselessobjects that fill the rooms.

The house, like the aunt and uncle, andlike the entire neighborhood, reflects people who are well-intentionedbut narrow in level their views and competition blind to higher values (even the street lamps lift a feeble light to the sky). The total effect of coursework help such settingis an atmosphere permeated with stagnation and isolation. The second use of symbolic description-that of the advisor, dead priest and his belongings-suggests remnants of a more vital past. The bi-cycle pump rusting in the rain in english help level the back yard and the old yellowedbooks in the back room indicate that the priest once actively engaged in real service to God and man, and further, from the titles of thebooks, that he was a person given to both piety and flights of imagi-nation. Cover Letter Advisor? But the priest is dead; his pump rusts; his books yellow.

The effect is to deepen, through a sense of a dead past, the spiritual and english coursework help level intellectual stagnation of the present.Into this atmosphere of spiritual paralysis the boy bears, withblind hopes and romantic dreams, his encounter with first love. In theface of ugly, drab reality-amid the dissertation into, curses of laborers, jostled bydrunken men and bargaining women-he carries his aunt's parcelsas she shops in english the market place, imagining that he bears, not parcels,but a chalice through a throng of turning your dissertation into a book manuscript foes. The noises converged in asingle sensation of english help level life and in a blending of Romantic and Christiansymbols he transforms in his mind a perfectly ordinary girl into anenchanted princess: untouchable, promising, saintly. Setting in thisscene depicts the harsh, dirty reality of 2007 life which the boy blindly ig-nores. The contrast between the real and the boy's dreams is ironi-cally drawn and clearly foreshadows the boy's inability to keep thedream, to remain blind.

The boy's final disappointment occurs as a result of his awaken-ing to the world around him. The tawdry superficiality of the bazaar,which in his mind had been an Oriental enchantment, strips awayhis blindness and leaves him alone with the realization that life andlove differ from the dream. Araby, the symbolic temple of love, isprofane. The bazaar is dark and empty; it thrives on the same profitmotive as the market place (two men were counting money on english help asalver); love is represented as an empty, passing flirtation. Araby is a story of first love; even more, it is a portrait of aworld that defies the ideal and the dream. Best American? Thus setting in this storybecomes the true subject, embodying an atmosphere of spiritual pa-ralysis against english help level which a young boy's idealistic dreams are no match.Realizing this, the boy takes his first step into adulthood. INSTRUCTIONS. Letter Admissions Advisor? It is possible in an essay to write about an help, isolated symbol-onewhich seems unusual, or appealing, or particularly apt. More often,though, you will deal with a central or recurrent symbol (like water inThe Great Good Place). If you write about an an essay on the, isolated symbol, your thesis should be a strong statement of the existence of the symbol in the work,and, the body of your essay should be composed of statements that actuallyconstitute evidence of the existence of the symbol. As you develop paragraphs in the body of the essay, make clear your reasons for ascribing the symbolic significance you do, show the function of the symbol in the work, and above all, prove that awareness of the symbol enriches understanding or appreciation of the work.

The Central Symbol of the Church in Joyce's Araby Joyce's short story Araby is filled with symbolic images of a church. It opens and closes with strong symbols, and in english the body ofthe story, the images are shaped by admissions advisor, the young), Irish narrator's impres-sions of the english help level, effect the Church of Ireland has upon the people of Ire-land. The boy is fiercely determined to invest in media someone within thisChurch the holiness he feels should be the natural state of all withinit, but a succession of experiences forces him to see that his determi-nation is in english coursework help vain. At the deadlines, climax of the story, when he realizes that hisdreams of holiness and love are inconsistent with the actual world,his anger and english level anguish are directed, not toward the Church, but to-ward himself as a creature driven by vanity. Turning Your Dissertation? In addition to the im-ages in the story that are symbolic of the Church and its effect uponthe people who belong to it, there are descriptive words and phrasesthat add to this representational meaning. The story opens with a description of the Dublin neighborhoodwhere the boy lives. English Coursework Help Level? Strikingly suggestive of a church, the image shows the competition, ineffectuality of the coursework help level, Church as a vital force in the lives ofthe inhabitants of the neighborhood-the faithful within the Church.North Richmond Street is composed of two rows of houses withbrown imperturbable faces (the pews) leading down to the tall un-inhabited house (the empty altar). The boy's own home is set in agarden the natural state of which would be like Paradise, since it contains a central apple tree; however, those who should have caredfor it have allowed it to become desolate, and the central tree stands alone amid a few straggling bushes. At dusk when the boy and hiscompanions play in the street the lamps of the street lift their feeblelanterns to the sky of ever-changing violet (timid suppliants to thefar-away heavens). Since the boy is the narrator, the media, inclusion ofthese symbolic images in the description of the setting shows that theboy is sensitive to the lack of spiritual beauty in his surroundings.Outside the level, main setting are images symbolic of those who donot belong to the Church. The boy and his companions go there attimes, behind their houses, along the dark muddy lanes, to where the rough tribes (the infidel) dwell.

Here odors arise from the ash pits--those images symbolic to James Joyce of the moral decay of american 2007 his nation. Even the house in which the help level, youthful main character lives addsto the sense of moral decay. Best American Introduction? The former tenant, a priest (now dead),is shown to have been insensitive to the spiritual needs of his people.His legacy was a collection of books that showed his confusion of thesacred with the secular-and there is evidence that he devoted hislife to gathering money and furniture. He left behind no evidenceof a life of spiritual influence. Despite these discouraging surroundings, the boy is determined to find some evidence of the loveliness his idealistic dreams tell himshould exist within the Church. His first love becomes the focal pointof this determination. In the person of Mangan's sister, obviouslysomewhat older than the boy and his companions, his longings find anobject of level worship. The boy's feelings for the girl are a confused mix-ture of sexual desire and of sacred adoration, as examination of dissertation theimages of her reveals. He is obsessed at one and the same time withwatching her physical attractions (her white neck, her soft hair, themovement of the brown-clad figure) and with seeing her always sur-rounded by light, as if by a halo. He imagines that he can carry herimage as a chalice through a throng of foes-the cursing,brawling infidels at the market to coursework level, which he goes with his aunt.

Allother sensations of life fade from his consciousness and he is uci thesis deadlines, awareonly of english help level his adoration of the blessed image. He spends his days feel-ing her summons to his foolish blood, a summons that is both astrong physical attraction and a strong pull to american essays 2007, the holiness missing inhis life and in the lives of the people he knows. In all his watching ofher he is thankful that he can see so little, as men of his Churchhave ever been filled with holy dread to look upon the Virgin. When the girl finally speaks to him, her words are of ordinary concerns: she asks if he is going to english help, Araby, a bazaar in another part ofthe city. But the boy's imagination seizes upon an essay on the dragonfly, the name Araby andinvests its syllables with an Eastern enchantment in which his soulluxuriates. Araby becomes a place where his soul can find the mysti-cal beauty lacking in his own mundane Church. The girl cannot at-tend the bazaar because of a retreat her convent is having that week.As a consequence the boy feels a summons that has symbolic over-tones of coursework help level a holy crusade: he is determined to media environment, go forth to english coursework level, the en-chanted place and bring back a gift worthy to lay at the feet of his adored one. The aunt and uncle with whom he lives are insensitive to hisburning need to fulfill his crusade. They are presented as persons living decently within the confines of their Church rules, but lacking avision of concerns higher and holier than mechanical conformity torules. They do, finally, though, provide the florin to allow him to go to an essay dragonfly, Araby. Alone, he makes his way to the place of Eastern enchantment.When he arrives, he is struck by a silence like that of english help level a church.This is followed by turning your dissertation into a book, another image that calls up the image at the be-ginning of the story, that of the english help, aisle leading to your dissertation, an altar.

In this case,it is a hall leading to the booth displaying porcelain vases (chalicesfor the Eucharist), and flowered tea sets (the flowers on the altar).The great jars guarding the stall can be interpreted as symbols of themysticism standing guard over the Church. For the boy, the girl attending the stall, like Mangan's sister, be-comes an object of faith. But when she speaks-again like Mangan'ssister-her words are trivial and worldly. In a sudden flash of insightthe boy sees that his faith and his passion have been blind. He sees inthe two men counting money on a salver a symbol of the moneylen-ders in the temple. He allows the pennies to fall in his pocket. Thelights in the hall go out; his church is in darkness. English Coursework Help Level? Tears fill hiseyes as he sees himself a creature driven and derided by vanity,whose foolish blood made him see secular desires as symbols oftrue faith.

In this moment of disillusionment he feels that he himselfis at fault for being so bemused by his ideals that he failed completelyto see the turning your manuscript, world as it is. He has discovered in his Church and in love(both traditional symbols of ineffably sacred loveliness) only a shoddyimitation of true beauty. Understandably his disillusionment causes him anguish and anger. Using Myth and Archetype. The heart of myth is rooted in coursework religion, in attempts to explain creation, thesoul, and man's place in the world. A discussion of myth, therefore, mustbe preceded by your discovery of its presence in a work; and for your dis-cussion to be meaningful, you must understand the admissions advisor, origin or source of theideas you decide to ascribe to myth. (In Araby, we perceive the clearpresence of a reference to Christianity.) Remember that archetype can be generously applied to a num-ber of man's values, dreams, and beliefs, but that myth comprises only apart of archetype. Level? Archetype is turning a book manuscript, a much larger term, and if you perceivesome universal experience in a literary work, it can quite logically form apart of our racial past. Family, marriage, war, peace, the need to be lovedand to coursework help, live forever: these are patterns, emotions, and manuscript drives we share withour ancestors. They change little with time, and each generation respondsto them with deep emotions. English Help Level? The presence of archetype in a work givesthat work added importance and an essay defining the archetype, its effectand resultant added meaning will be of value to readers who may have re-sponded but have not discerned why.

To write an essay using myth and archetype, determine how theirpresence influences and reveals the meaning of the work. If myth or arche-type becomes the basis of a work (as they do in Araby), an essay point-ing out their meaning will provide you with a ready-made thesis. Cover Advisor? Orderingthe development of your essay will become relatively simple, for the stagesof the reenactment of the archetypal pattern will direct your presentation.If, on the other hand, the use of coursework myth does not form the basis of the entirework, but is only an enrichment of deadlines another pattern, your order of english help level develop-ment will be somewhat more complex. In this case you will need to deter-mine the precise function the single use of the mythic element serves andthen center your thesis on this function. The Lonely Quest of James Joyce's Araby Probably no other twentieth century short story has called forthmore attention than Joyce's Araby.

Some universality of experiencemakes the story interesting to readers of all ages, for they respond in-stinctively to an experience that could have been their own. It is apart of the instinctual nature of man to long for what he feels is thelost spirituality of his world. In all ages man has believed that it ispossible to search for and find a talisman, which, if brought back, willreturn this lost spirituality. The development of theme in Araby re-sembles the archetypal myth of the quest for long should, a holy talisman. In Araby, Joyce works from help, a visionary mode of artisticcreation-a phrase used by psychiatrist Carl Jung to describe the,'visionary kind of literary creation that derives its material fromthe hinterland of man's mind-that suggests the abyss of time sepa-rating us from admissions advisor, prehuman ages, or evokes a superhuman world of con-trasting light and darkness. It is a primordial experience, which sur-passes man's understanding and to english help, which he is therefore in danger ofsuccumbing.

1 Assuredly this describes Joyce's handling of the mate-rial of Araby. The quest itself and its consequences surpass the un-derstanding of the american essays 2007, young protagonist of the english coursework help level, story. He can only feelthat he undergoes the experience of the quest and naturally is con-fused, and at movie, the story's conclusion, when he fails, he is anguishedand angered. Help Level? His contrasting world of light and darkness containsboth the lost spirituality and the dream of restoring it. Because ourown worlds contain these contrasts we also feel, even though theprimordial experience surpasses our understanding, too. It is true, as a writer reminds us, that no matter the work,Joyce always views the order and disorder of the world in terms ofthe Catholic faith in on the movie dragonfly which he was reared. English Coursework Help Level? 2 In Araby, however,there is, in addition, an overlay of Eastern mysticism. This diversity of background materials intensifies the universality of the experience.We can turn to the language and the images of the best american essays, story to level, see howthe boy's world is shown in an essay on the terms of these diverse backgounds. There is little that is light in the comer of Dublin that formsthe world of the story, little that retains its capability to evoke spiri-tuality.

North Richmond Street is blind; the houses stare at one an-other with brown imperturbable faces. The time is winter, with itsshort days and english its early dusk. Only the boy and deadlines his laughing, shoutingcompanions glow; they are still too young to have succumbed tothe spiritual decay of the english help level, adult inhabitants of Dublin. On The Movie Dragonfly? But the boysmust play in dark muddy lanes, in dark dripping gardens, neardark odorous stables and english coursework ashpits. Joyce had said of Dubliners,the collection of stories from media competition, which Araby comes, that he intendedto write a chapter in the moral history of my country and I choseDublin for the scene because that city seemed to me the centre ofparalysis. 3 The images of the story show us that the spiritual envi-ronment of the boy is paralyzed; it is musty, dark. Everywhere in his dark surroundings the boy seeks the light. He looks for it in the central apple tree-symbol of religiousenlightenment-in the dark garden behind his home.

The gardenshould be like Eden, but the tree is overshadowed by the desolationof the garden, and thus has become the tree of english coursework help level spiritual death. Helooks for light in the room of his home where the former tenant, apriest, had died, but the an essay on the movie, only objects left by english coursework, the priest were books,yellowed and damp. Here, too, the quest has failed. No evidence ofspiritual life remains. Decay and rust have taken over all the treasures the priest had laid up on earth for himself. Into this world of darkness appears a girl, Mangan's sister. Be-cause of her the boy feels a surge of hope that now in her love he willfind light. Even though he has never spoken to her, except for a fewcasual words, her name is like a summons to all his foolish blood.His youthful imagination sees her always surrounded with light; sheis the contrast to his dark world. She becomes an image to him of allthat he seeks. That image accompanies him even in places the mosthostile to romance: the market and environment essay competition the streets, among the drunkenmen and bargaining women, amid the curses of labourers, the english help, shrilllitanies of shop-boys. In this unlikely place occurs what Joyce calls an on the dragonfly, epiphany, which to him means a sudden spiritual manifesta-tion, when objects or moments of inconsequential vulgarity can betransfigured to something spiritual.4 The boys says, I imagined that Ibore my chalice safely through a throng of foes.

Plainly he has feltthe summons to cherish the holy, the light, in this dark world ofthose who are hostile to the sacred. However, what he feels is beyond his understanding. His lovefor the girl is english, part sexual desire, part sacred adoration. He is, he says,confused. An Essay Movie Dragonfly? He loses interest in his school and in everything about him; hethinks of nothing but the girl. He can see her dark house, herbrown-clad figure touched by lamp-light. He feels that he has foundone image of english level holiness in his world of lost spirituality.

If he can gainthe girl, he feels, the light will be restored to his dark existence. In his one conversation with her she reveals that she cannot goto Araby, a bazaar she would like to attend. She suggests that itwould be well for him to go. He speaks impulsively: If I go I willbring you something. His opportunity has come. He can go toAraby-his soul luxuriates in the very syllables of the mysticallymagic name-and he can bring back a talisman to secure his favorwith her. The lost light of his world will be restored. Undoubtedly, as a writer suggests, Araby is Arabia, which is associated with thePhoenix, symbol of the renewal of life.

5. Over half the story is best american essays 2007 introduction, concerned with the delays and frustrationsin his plans for english coursework help level, his quest, and with his final journey to environment, the en-chanted place, where the talisman will be procured. Significantly, he must go to Araby alone. The train is deserted; when throngs of buy-ers try to press their way onto english help the train the porters move them back,saying this is a special train for the bazaar. Uci Thesis? All who go on a questfor the english coursework help level, high and the holy must go alone. Arriving, he finds the bazaar nearly empty. He recognizes a si-lence like that which pervades a church after a service.

The churchis empty; it is essay, not attended by the faithful. Two men count money ona silver salver. The young lady who should attend him ignores himto exchange inane vulgarities with two young gentlemen. Coursework Level? Suddenly from the trivialities here the boy experiences anotherepiphany, a sudden showing forth in which his mind is floodedwith light, with truth. He can see the parallel that exists between thegirl here and his girl; he can see his feeling for her for long admissions essay college, what it is-physical attraction. Her brown-clad figure is one with the drabworld of North Richmond Street. Coursework Level? Here, instead of Eastern enchant-ment, are flimsy stalls for buying and selling flimsy wares. Media Essay Competition? His grailhas turned out to be only flimsy tea sets covered with artificial flow-ers. As the upper hall becomes completely dark, the boy realizes thathis quest has ended. Gazing upward, he sees the vanity of imagininghe can carry a chalice through a dark throng of foes. 1 Carl G. Jung, Modern Man in Search of a Soid. trans.

W. S. Dell and CaryF. Baynes (New York, 1933), pp. English Coursework Help? 156-157. 2 William Bysshe Stein, Joyce's 'Araby': Paradise Lost, Perspective, X11,No. 4 (Spring 1962), 215. Best Essays 2007? 3 From Letters of James Joyce, Vol.

II, ed. Richard Ellmarm (New York,1966), p. 134. 4 James Joyce, Stephen Hero (New York, 1944), pp. 210-211. 5 Marvin Magalaner, Time of Apprenticeship: The Fiction of Young JamesJoyce (London, 1959), p. 87. USING POINT OF VIEW. If we draw an analogy of english a multistoried house withwindows on all sides, we can understand that a person's view of the worldcan vary greatly, depending on which window he views it from; whether heis outside looking in; or whether, distantly, he looks at the house and the surrounding countryside simultaneously. Certainly our view of a characterwill depend upon our position in essay relation to the scene, just as his view islimited by the author. Henry James considered the positioning of both characters and narrator crucial to coursework level, fiction, and in recent years (in fact since his detailed studiesof point of view) critics have considered the artist's use of point of view the central focus for interpretation. Look at the questions point of view provokes.

Does the viewpoint allow for irony? Does it limit sympathy or does it evoke greater sympathy? Does it causeattitudes to be formed? What are they? Does choice of this particular nar-rator or persona influence the reader's view of the situation? How? Does itcontrol imagery and symbolism? In your conclusion, reaffirm your thesis by an essay on the movie, showing the help, overall effec-tiveness of the admissions advisor, point of view on the work.

Did the work gain much or littlefrom its use? Study the following essay to better understand how point ofview in Araby frees language, achieves psychic distance, and intensifiesthe experience portrayed. THE IRONIC NARRATOR OF JAMES JOYCE'S ARABY Although James Joyce's story Araby is told from the english help, first per-son viewpoint of its young protagonist, we do not receive the letter admissions, impres-sion that a boy tells the story. Instead, the narrator seems to be a manmatured well beyond the coursework level, experience of the story. The mature man re-minisces about his youthful hopes, desires, and frustrations. Morethan if a boy's mind had reconstructed the events of the story for us,this particular way of telling the story enables us to perceive clearlythe torment youth experiences when ideals, concerning both sacredand earthly love, are destroyed by a suddenly unclouded view of theactual world.

Because the man, rather than the boy, recounts the experi-ence, an ironic view can be presented of the institutions and personssurrounding the boy. This ironic view would be impossible for your into, theimmature, emotionally involved mind of the boy himself. Coursework? Only an adult looking back at the high hopes of foolish blood and its resul-tant destruction could account for best essays 2007, the ironic viewpoint. Throughoutthe story, however, the narrator consistently maintains a full sensitiv-ity to coursework help level, his youthful anguish. From first to last we sense the reality tohim of turning your manuscript his earlier idealistic dream of beauty. The opening paragraph, setting the scene, prepares us for theview we receive of the conflict between the english help, loveliness of the ideal andthe drabness of the actual. Descriptive words show the narrator's con-sciousness of the boy's response to beauty and the response of theneighborhood people, who are blind to beauty: North RichmondStreet is blind; its houses, inhabited by decent people, stare un-seeingly at one another-and all this is media environment essay competition, under a sky of ever-changingviolet, in a setting of gardens marred by the odours of ash-pitsand dark odorous stables. The boy's own house, which had form-erly been inhabited by a priest, is placed in a garden like that ofEden. It is a place of coursework help level potential holiness, shown to us in the irony ofthe garden's barrenness and the priest's worldliness: the garden hasnow only a central apple tree and your into manuscript a few straggling bushes; thepriest had died and left behind him evidence of english coursework his preoccupationwith secular literature and with collecting money and furniture. Into this setting appears a figure representative of all that isideal, the girl.

The narrator shows us in a subtly ironic manner thatin his youthful adoration of Mangan's sister she is, confusedly, theembodiment of all his boyish dreams of the beauty of physical desireand, at the same time, the embodiment of his adoration of all that isholy. In his dark environment Mangan's sister stands out, a figure al-ways shown outlined by light, with the power to set aflame in him azeal to conquer the uncaring and the unholy. Her image, constantlywith him, makes him feel as though he bears a holy chalice througha throng of foes-the Saturday evening throng of drunken men,bargaining women, cursing laborers, and all the others who have noconception of the mystical beauty his young mind has created in thisworld of material ugliness. He is alone as a boy, the man narrator shows us, with his viewof the possible loveliness of the world. Even the aunt and uncle withwhom he lives are callous to his burning need to go to the bazaar,which looms in his imagination as a place of mystical Eastern en-chantment, to turning into, purchase a gift worthy of his loved one.

Looking back,the narrator can see that his uncle had been concerned with his daily,worldly tasks, his aunt with maintaining a decent observance ofthis day of our Lord, although she does not want him to be disap-pointed in his wish to go to the bazaar. From the vantage point ofmaturity the english help, narrator can realize that the aunt and the uncle perhaps once possessed an awareness of the romantic, an awareness that hassince been clouded by the drabness of North Richmond Street. Like Stephen Dedalus of Joyce's Portrait of the cover, Artist as aYoung Man, the help level, boy, then, must seek for the high, the inviolate, byhimself. And, also like Stephen, he finds instead the world. When heenters Araby the boy sees its resemblance to best essays, an emptied church, andthat is the irony so far as maturity can view it: Araby is not a holyplace because it is not attended by the faithful. Coursework? He has come alone on a deserted train; the deadlines, bazaar, full of spu-rious wares, is tended by coursework help level, uncaring people who leave him even morealone than he had been before; the young lady who should havewaited on him ignores him to deadlines, joke with two young men. The younglady's inane remarks to the young men have a ring in the memory ofthe mature narrator reminiscent of coursework his adored one's remarks.

Both areconcerned with the material, the letter admissions advisor, crass. The narrator can, with his backward look, supply us with twoapprehensions: one, the fully remembered, and english help level thus fully felt, anguishof a too sudden realization of the disparity between a youthful dreamof the mystic beauty of the turning your dissertation into a book, world and english coursework help level his actual world; and two, theirony implicit in a view that can see the cover letter, dream itself as a vanity. In his brief but complex story, Araby, James Joyce concen-trates on character rather than on plot to reveal the ironies inherentin self-deception. On one level Araby is a story of initiation, of aboy's quest for the ideal. The quest ends in failure but results in aninner awareness and a first step into manhood.

On another level thestory consists of a grown man's remembered experience, for the storyis told in retrospect by a man who looks back to a particular momentof intense meaning and insight. As such, the coursework, boy's experience is notrestricted to youth's encounter with first love. Rather, it is a portrayalof a continuing problem all through life: the incompatibility of theideal, of the dream as one wishes it to be, with the long admissions essay, bleakness of english coursework real-ity. This double focus-the boy who first experiences, and the manwho has not forgotten-provides for the dramatic rendering of astory of environment first love told by a narrator who, with his wider, adult vision,can employ the sophisticated use of irony and symbolic imagery nec-essary to reveal the story's meaning. The boy's character is indirectly suggested in the opening scenesof the story. Help? He has grown up in the backwash of dissertation into a book a dying city. Sym-bolic images show him to be an individual who is sensitive to the factthat his city's vitality has ebbed and left a residue of empty piety, thefaintest echoes of romance, and only symbolic memories of an activeconcern for God and fellow men. Although the young boy cannot ap-prehend it intellectually, he feels that the street, the town, and Irelanditself have become ingrown, self-satisfied, and help level unimaginative. It is a. world of spiritual stagnation, and as a result, the boy's outlook is long, se-verely limited.

He is ignorant and therefore innocent. Lonely, imagin-ative, and isolated, he lacks the understanding necessary for english coursework help level, evalua-tion and perspective. He is at first as blind as his world, but Joyceprepares us for his eventual perceptive awakening by tempering hisblindness with an cover letter, unconscious rejection of the english help, spiritual stagnation ofhis world. The boy's manner of thought is also made clear in the openingscenes. Religion controls the lives of the inhabitants of North Richmond Street, but it is a dying religion and an essay receives only lip service.The boy, however, entering the english help level, new experience of first love, finds hisvocabulary within the dissertation manuscript, experiences of his religious training and coursework help level the ro-mantic novels he has read. The result is an idealistic and confused in-terpretation of best american essays 2007 love based on quasireligious terms and the imagery ofromance. English Coursework Level? This convergence of two great myths, the Christian with itssymbols of hope and sacrifice and the Oriental or romantic with itsfragile symbols of heroism and escape, merge to form in his mind anillusory world of mystical and ideal beauty. This convergence, whichcreates an epiphany for the boy as he accompanies his aunt throughthe market place, lets us experience with sudden illumination the environment essay competition, tex-ture and content of his mind. We see the futility and stubbornness ofhis quest. But despite all the evidence of the english help level, dead house on cover letter admissions advisor a deadstreet in a dying city the boy determines to bear his chalice safelythrough a throng of coursework help foes.

He is blindly interpreting the world in theimages of his dreams: shop boys selling pigs' cheeks cry out in shrilllitanies; Mangan's sister is saintly; her name evokes in him strangeprayers and praises. The boy is extraordinarily lovesick, and fromhis innocent idealism and stubbornness, we realized that he cannotkeep the dream. He must wake to the demands of the turning your dissertation into a book, world aroundhim and english help level react. Thus the long admissions college, first half of the english help, story foreshadows (as the manlater realizes) the boy's awakening and disillusionment. The account of the letter advisor, boy's futile quest emphasizes both his lonelyidealism and his ability to achieve the perspectives he now has. Thequest ends when he arrives at the bazaar and help level realizes with slow, tor-tured clarity that Araby is not at all what he imagined. It is tawdryand dark and thrives on the profit motive and the eternal lure itsname evokes in men. The boy realizes that he has placed all his loveand hope in a world that does not exist except in his imagination. Hefeels angry and betrayed and realizes his self-deception. He feels he isa creature driven and derided by vanity and your dissertation into a book manuscript the vanity is coursework, his own. The man, remembering this startling experience from his boy-hood, recalls the moment he realized that living the dream was lost asa possibility.

That sense of loss is intensified, for its dimension growsas we realize that the desire to, live the dream will continue throughadulthood. At no other point in the story is characterization as brilliant asat the best american 2007, end. Joyce draws his protagonist with strokes designed to let usrecognize in the creature driven and derided by vanity both a boywho is initiated into knowledge through a loss of innocence and aman who fully realizes the help level, incompatibility between the media competition, beautiful andinnocent world of the imagination and the very real world of fact. InAraby, Joyce uses character to embody the theme of his story.

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How to Make a Resume: A Step-by-Step Guide (+30 Examples) For most people, writing a good resume is tough, and english help level it takes time. Dissertation. And the english level worst part comes when you finally think that you have a great resume, but you're still not getting interviews. Wouldn't it be wonderful if you could figure out how to make a resume that would get you an interview almost EVERY time you applied for a job? It is if you follow the process that I am about to share with you step-by-step. And BEST of into a book manuscript all, this resume writing process is quick, and english level it's proven to land you interviews. That's true even if you want to media environment write your first resume and have no experience, or if you're a professional who wants to know how to write a resume that stands out.

Here's what you're going to coursework level find: How to write a resume for a job with examples for every section. Quick but little-known tips to follow to get up to 10x MORE INTERVIEWS. Turning Dissertation Into A Book Manuscript. Answers to all of english your questions about how to 2007 introduction make the best resume for a job. How to english create a resume online that you can track and send to get more interviews.

A checklist that will help you make sure you know how to prepare a great resume. Here's an on the dragonfly example of how to make a good resume for work versus a great resume. What's the difference? Is it the english level way it looks? Not only. We've optimized the sample resume on the right to follow the turning your dissertation a book advice that I will share with you in this article. So how do you make a resume? Let me show you step-by-step: Resume vs. English Level. CV. What's the difference?

Hello, blank page. Now, what? A resume is a document that showcases your work experience, education, and skills so that you can apply for a job. What's the difference between a resume and a CV? Curriculum Vitae (CV) is a Latin phrase meaning course of life and is a document that entails much more than a resume.

Not only is a CV longer than a resume, but it showcases accomplishments and best essays experience in much greater detail. It's the ideal document for academics. So, knowing how to help level write an academic resume is knowing how to should college write a CV. English Coursework Help. If you need to should admissions know more, read our guide: CV vs. Resume: What is the coursework Difference?

When to american Use Which (Examples) Once you know if you should write a CV or resume, it's time to choose the english right format. How to Choose a Professional Resume Format. What does a resume look like? There are three types of professional resume formats: Most job seekers choose the reverse-chronological resume format. Here's what a sample resume looks like written in best essays 2007 introduction, the reverse-chronological format: Traditional Familiar to Recruiters.

Experienced professionals can highlight skills. Career changers can emphasize transferrable skills. Uncommon and not as familiar to recruiters. Not suggested for entry-level job seekers. Entry-level job seekers can emphasize skills instead of experience. Recruiters may think you're hiding something. Still not sure which professional resume format is best for you? Need to see examples of resumes with different layouts? Read our guide: 3 Resume Formats: How To Choose The Best One [Examples] Contact Information Is Not as Basic as It Seems.

Despite the professional resume format you choose, your contact information goes at the top. Here is how to write a resume contact section: Adding your address is english coursework, optional. It is no longer necessary to add it to a modern resume. Plus, it might be better to exclude it if you are applying for letter advisor, a job that isn’t local. Your email address should be professional which means: Choosing a sophisticated email provider. Not using your current work email. Instead, create a professional, private email address.

Avoiding email addresses from when you were in high school. It won’t amuse recruiters to see johnlikesgoats@hotmail.com or sexysara@gmail.com . Okay, maybe it will amuse them a little bit, but they won’t call you for an interview. Adding URLs to your personal website or blog directs recruiters to your portfolio or extra work that you want to show without cluttering up your perfect resume. Pro Tip: Make sure you review your social media accounts to check for coursework, unprofessional content. When you add a link to your social media profiles, make sure they're optimized to cover admissions advisor give recruiters the best impression. Not sure how to optimize your LinkedIn profile to coursework help level attract employers? Read our guide: How to environment Optimize Your LinkedIn Profile To Get More Jobs Here’s How the Best Candidates Start Their Resumes.

Again, what does a resume look like? Well, you know that contact information comes first. But what comes next? Education? Experience? Does it matter where you put things when you're deciding how to make a resume? The short answer is help, yes, it does matter.

That's because your best stuff should go in the top third of your resume. And the best way to start any killer resume is with an introduction to yourself. Think of admissions advisor it like this: The top of your resume is the help penthouse - the most important piece of real estate on the document. But why? The average recruiter spends six seconds scanning your resume in between reading Facebook messages from grandma, drinking coffee, and deciding what's for best 2007, lunch. She is looking for very specific information, and she is only going to level look for it in an essay on the movie, the top third of your resume. Coursework Help Level. If you do not grab her attention - game over. That's why a creative resume summary or objective can save the day.

Here's a sample resume: What is a resume summary statement? A resume summary is a short, snappy introduction that highlights your career progress and skill set. It should also demonstrate why you'll be a valuable hire. Boyfriend Material experienced at laying coats over mud puddles, opening doors, and pulling out chairs. Charming, funny, and media essay a great conversationalist seeking to leverage 10+ years of experience delivering anecdotes to entertain you through boring social events. Coursework Level. Has an MA in hand holding and a license to cook romantic dinners. What is a resume objective statement? A resume objective achieves the same thing as a resume summary. The difference is how you write one and an essay on the movie dragonfly who should use it.

Experienced Chef interested in becoming a Zoo Keeper. Tons of experience with picky clients who need to english coursework help be fed with the right food at the right time. Want to best essays introduction apply my patience and understanding of complicated clients to taking care of angry lions at the Zoo. This candidate chose an effective resume objective over a summary because he is changing his career from chef to coursework level zookeeper. Either way, the point is to focus on the employer's needs and not your own.

Who should use an objective for american essays, a resume? Entry-level Applicants and Students Career Changers Professionals Targeting Specific Positions. You can also choose to write something called a professional profile . When considering how to english help write a resume profile, think of it as a hybrid that crosses elements of the objective and the summary. A good resume profile lists your qualifications, experience, and education regarding the company’s needs and values. Letter Advisor. It can be formatted as a paragraph or as a list with resume bullet points. Wouldn't it be nice to have some resume examples of summaries tailored specifically to your profession?

Read our guide: A Resume Summary That Will Get You The Job [7 Secret Steps] How to coursework level Write a Resume Experience Section That's More Than a List. The first section that should appear in dissertation into a book, the body of an excellent resume is the section that will best show off your skills and accomplishments. For most of you, that will probably be the experience section. Let's say you're learning how to make a student resume, or have little or no work experience. In that case, lead with your education or skills section. But do you know how to write a resume employment history? When you start writing a resume experience section you will want to keep a few things in mind:

Write your job history in reverse-chronological order - start with your current position. Include around six bullet points describing the scope of help level your responsibilities. Tailor each of these bullets points to turning manuscript reflect the skills listed in the job description. Help Level. Follow the bullet point format (see below), and include facts and american 2007 introduction figures. You should try to include achievements that show your professional impact.

Tell a career story that reinforces your professinal persona. Sample Resume Experience Entry: Spearhead a global brand strategy for our top performing product. Analyze market trends and coursework level recommend solutions resulting in an essay on the movie dragonfly, a 10% upswing in sales annually. Prepare Portfolio Deployment Plans. Coursework Help Level. Head up a team of 10+ marketing specialists.

Organize marketing materials. Responsible for brand strategy. Responsible for analyzing market trends. Responsible for a team of marketing specialists. Now, what if you have career gaps in your job history or a habit of job hopping? Let’s face it. An Essay On The Movie. Not all of us have a pristine job history. English Coursework. And it's difficult to essays 2007 introduction know how to create a resume that addresses career gaps without cheating. One approach is to include a brief explanation next to coursework each job. By briefly stating that your stay became short lived due to downsizing or relocation, you will reassure the recruiter that you're not a risky candidate.

Chronic career hoppers may be tempted to competition tamper with dates, leaving only the coursework level years in their experience section: Excluding the media months makes it look like you worked a year instead of three months. But it's a dirty trick that employers know well, which makes it a big no, no. Pro Tip: Feel free to english help list “non-traditional” work in your experience section - like volunteer jobs or freelance work. Is Your Education Section Underperforming? It Might Be. You should also write your education section of your resume in reverse-chronological order, with your most recent degree appearing first. Usually, you will want to include the type of degree, your major, your university, and any honors or awards you received. You can skip your GPA. But if you're a recent college graduate who's making a student resume, it's okay to add your GPA if it's 3.5 or higher.

You can also include a coursework narrative. For professionals, the inclusion of an essay movie a coursework narrative is another way to coursework help level reinforce a professional persona. Do you know how to make a resume when you have a GED or didn't graduate? Not sure how to write a degree on a resume? We can help with that. Check out our article: How To Put Your Education On A Resume [Tips Examples] Why You Need to uci thesis Focus on Your Skills Section. When you consider how to coursework level make a good resume that stands out turning your into, , it has everything to english coursework level do with sprinkling your skills throughout your resume.

But, it also makes sense to have a big section labeled “ SKILLS .” Use the media essay competition key skills listed in the job description. This will also help you create a modern resume for a job that will pass through Applicant Tracking System (ATS) software. More about that later. Recruiters should be able to level see two things when they look at your skills for a resume: You have the skill set they want and requested in media essay competition, the job post. Coursework. You have extra skills that prove you are a valuable worker. Do you want to know how to make a great resume for a job that showcases the an essay on the dragonfly best resume skills? I thought so.

Read our guide: What Skills To Put On a Resume [Examples + 6 Proven Tips] How to english help level Add Other Resume Sections While Making an an essay on the movie dragonfly Effective Resume. Here are some additional resume sections you can consider adding if you don't feel the traditional resume sections are doing it for you. Students and fresh graduates - you may want to coursework consider adding a separate section for awards or honors, or a section for should admissions essay, extracurricular activities. If you've got a technical background - you might want to english coursework help consider an extra section for certificates, licenses, or software. Some professionals who have opted for your a book manuscript, making a resume for work over an academic CV might still want to add a section for publications or conferences. Others may want to add a section that shows off their command of languages or other achievements and projects. Whatever you decide to add, just make sure that your additions don't overwhelm your resume. You still want everything to help level fit onto one page if possible.

No One Adds a Hobbies Section, But It Works So Well. The hobbies section of a resume is on the movie, optional. But, I recommend adding one if you have space. Adding your interests shows off extra skills for a resume, makes your resume stand out, and coursework help gives the hiring manager a fuller image of you. Your interests are also a way to make yourself more attractive and memorable to your potential employer. You can always cut this section later if your resume is long should essay, too long. Not convinced? Well, it's true. English. Adding a hobbies and interests section can boost a contemporary resume. Find out how: Best Examples Of Hobbies Interests To Put On A Resume (5 Tips) How to essay competition Write a Perfect Resume Tailored to the Job Description. Did you know that R2D2 might run a scan on your resume before a human does?

On average, a corporate job offer attracts up to 250 resumes . Of those, 4 to 6 candidates will get invited for an interview. And only english coursework, one person will get the job. With that many resumes to sift through, recruiters are using something called Applicant Tracking System (ATS) software. The software compares your resume to the job description based on keywords. Cover. How to prepare a resume that will make it through ATS? You need to tailor your resume. Tailoring a resume to coursework the job description is letter advisor, adding keywords and information from the english help job offer.

For starters, you're going to want to deadlines make a master resume. A master resume is an updated version of all your work experience, skills, and accomplishments. When you sit down to write a tailored version of your resume, you will pick and help level choose material from your master resume to match the specific job for which you are applying. To further tailor the content to the job description, you're going to add keywords that you find in the offer. Let's say you want to apply for a job as a copywriter. The job description says: Able to work on cover advisor several campaigns at once, sometimes under pressure and often to tight deadlines. To tailor your basic resume, you will want to add some of the phrases verbatim to your experience section. For example: Work on help level several campaigns at once. To make it more powerful, you can add details such as the number of essay campaigns you can juggle at once.

Here is an example of a resume job description with all of the keywords highlighted along with a resume sample that we've tailored to match. Need more in-depth information about how to make a resume that's tailored to the job description? Need more resume samples? Read our guide: 6 Proven Tips On How To Tailor Your Resume To The Job Description How to coursework level Prepare a Resume That Will Attract ANY Recruiter. If you're struggling with how to uci thesis make a good resume stand out, all you need to do is coursework help level, make things quantifiable. Wherever possible. Everywhere. Because using numbers gives the best 2007 recruiter some tangible proof of an english coursework level achievement. Here are some basic resume examples of cover letter advisor achievements:

The hiring manager now sees quantifiable, specific proof of your achievements. Using numbers also improves the english coursework level readability of the text, and draws the eye of the recruiter. No One Adds Achievements, But It Works So Well. Adding achievements to your resume is an extremely effective way of long selling your skills and experience. All you have to coursework do is add your achievements as resume bullet points in your experience section. You will want to use the PAR ( Problem Action Result ) Approach to writing your achievements: Here're a few right and wrong resume examples of how to write achievements: Problem : My previous employer wanted to increase revenue. Action : I created a new marketing campaign on american 2007 introduction Facebook.

Result : We saw an english coursework help increase in an essay on the, sales by 15% and an increase in revenue by 10%. Not sure how to english help level quantify your achievements? Want more examples of accomplishments to put on a contemporary resume? Read our guide: Examples of Professional Achievements To Put On A Resume [3 Tips] Turn Boring Words Into Action Words - Here’s How. How many times have you used the phrase responsible for in your experience section?

More than once? You may want to consider mixing up your vocabulary. Overusing words and essay competition phrases like “responsible for” or “manage” is boring. Now, while you should avoid jargon and english empty words, action verbs can spice up your resume and should essay make it stand out. Also, be sure to use the present tense when describing your current role.

Here're a few before and after resume examples: Pro Tip: Don't overdo it. English Coursework. You don't want to sound like a freshman English major flexing a large vocabulary. Media Environment Competition. And avoid resume buzzwords like synergy. Trust me. The Best Candidates Know How to Show Their Career Progression. What makes a good resume?

CEO, Director, Manager - all you need is a big, impressive title, right? At this point, you probably figured out that knowing how to build a resume goes far beyond listing fancy titles. What really matters, is whether those titles are backed up by a story of english coursework help level career progression. For example, describing yourself as a social media manager won’t be credible if all you did was the marketing for your parent’s pizza place. You have to show a steady progression into a management position. Each former role should reinforce your place in the next one. Rather than repeating duties when you describe previous roles, write about the deadlines new tasks you took on when you advanced. Responsible for coursework help, the creation of long should admissions essay college a global brand strategy for a major category.

Prepare Category and Portfolio Deployment Plans. English Level. Analyze market trends and recommend solutions. Team Management (10 marketing specialists). Marketing Specialist / Senior Marketing Specialist: Planned and implemented promotional campaigns. Cooperated with interactive agencies. Managed project budgets and timeline control. Researched information. Assisted during promotional campaigns. See how these responsibilities evolve?

What if you're a student and need to know how to make a resume with no experience. Read our dedicated guide on how to admissions essay college write a resume for students: The Complete Guide To Writing A Student Resume [13 Tips, Examples] How to Create a Resume That Draws Attention to help Promotions. Highlighting your promotions shows potential employers that your previous supervisors valued your work performance. Admissions College. Even lateral moves suggest that you were able to handle diverse responsibilities. Here are a few ways to describe your promotions while writing a resume: Repeatedly recognized for top performance through fast-track promotions and coursework help level selection for high-priority initiatives. Earned promotion following a superior performance, and demonstrated ability to quickly learn and master complex concepts. What if you moved up within the same organization? You don’t have to mention the media essay name of the same company more than once.

It will make even the best resume look messy. Here’s what to english coursework level do instead: COMPANY NAME City, State, 2001 to an essay on the Present. Describe responsibilities and achievements. Describe responsibilities and achievements.

Describe responsibilities and achievements. Here's a Quick Tip on english coursework help level How Make Your Resume Easy to Read. Need to an essay movie dragonfly know how to make a resume easy for coursework help, a recruiter to read? It's as simple as aligning your text to the left. To make your text even more skimmable use the same resume font and font size, and make strategic use of should essay college bold, italics, and caps.

The bulk of your resume will consist of bullet points. Here's how to english level construct them: Spearheaded a targeted email campaign that resulted in a 15% upswing in newsletter registration. You might also want to consider how to create a resume using templates. Professional resume templates can make your documents cleaner and easier to read. They also save you time and energy. Let's face it.

No one likes trying to control one-inch margins in Word. Is a Font Ruining Your Awesome Resume? While choosing a basic resume font may seem like a silly chore - it's not. Turning Your Into A Book. A good font will ensure that your resume is readable. What is the best font for a resume?

The best font for help level, a resume is one that a recruiter can read with no effort. Stick with fonts that sound like hipster baby names - Arial, Helvetica, Calibri, and Verdana. What is the an essay on the dragonfly best resume font size? The Goldilocks font size is coursework level, 10-12 points - not too big and not too small. Keep it uniform. The bottom line is making sure you don't sacrifice resume margins, white space, or font size in an attempt to cram everything onto one page. Still not sure about on the movie what font to choose while writing a resume? Read our guide about the best resume fonts: What Is The Best Font For A Resume (+10 Examples Tips) Here Is the Best Way to Save Your Resume.

When you're done writing your perfect resume, it's time to consider how to english make a resume file. And that's not as obvious as it sounds. The best advice is to uci thesis save your resume as a PDF and english level give it your name. When you save your resume as a PDF, there is no chance that the formatting will glitch and get messed up when a recruiter opens the file. Do keep in environment, mind that if your resume has to pass ATS software, Cylons don't like special formatting or graphics. Read the level instructions explaining how to send your resume, because you may need to send something other than a PDF. How should you name your files? The recruiter won’t have to search for long admissions college, that crazy space smuggler’s resume when they want to coursework help level refer to it.

Not sold on saving your file as a PDF document? Need to see some pros and cons about different file formats? Read our guide: Word VS PDF Resume: What Is The Best Resume Format? Here Is an Easy Way to Keep a Resume Short. How long should an ideal resume be?

One page or two? Most contemporary resume guidelines will tell you that while making a resume, you should do your best to keep it to one page. But you don’t want to force it, and that isn't true for everyone. An Essay Movie. The best thing to do is to go through at the end and trim as much fat as possible without losing the value. Here are three tips on how to make a resume for a job shorter: If you aren't sure how long your resume should be or need more advice on help level how to make a resume shorter, read our guide: How Long Should a Resume Be?

Everything You Need To Know Little Known Tools That Will Proofread Your Resume for letter, You. One of the worst things you can do is send out a basic resume that is full of coursework help level grammar and spelling mistakes. You need to proofread your resume. It doesn’t matter if you already know how to write a resume that stands out. Even the best resumes need to be proofread by a second person. Whoever you chose can also give you an objective opinion about how you’ve presented yourself.

Start by turning your dissertation a book manuscript, proofreading your resume with the help of apps like Grammarly, Language Tool, or other language tools. Next, ask your mom, your partner, your best friend, your neighbor - whoever - to read over your resume for level, you. How to Clean Up Your Online Image. Before sending your resume, you will want to long should admissions essay check your online presence. That's because 59% of recruiters research candidates online after reading their resumes. Let's say you're sure you know how to write a resume and you follow all of help level our advice. That won't matter if you skip this step.

Start by entering your name into turning your, Google to see what comes up in coursework help level, the results. Most of cover letter admissions you will find links to your social media profiles. English Help. As long as you cleared your profiles of unprofessional content, you should be good to go. If you have a more common name like Jane Smith, for example, you may not find much about cover yourself at all. Some of you might be disturbed to find extremely personal content such as your bank account number, an image of your signature, or sexually explicit images that have been posted without your consent. If this happens, you can ask Google to remove the information from the Internet for english coursework help level, you.

If you find some embarrassing content on long should admissions essay a web page, Google suggests that it is best to english level contact the webmaster (owner) to have the image or content removed. Here’s the Most Common Myth About Cover Letters. A cover letter is still needed when you send a resume to a potential employer. Up to 45% of recruiters will reject resumes without cover letters. So, even if you know how to write a resume, you can forget about landing the job if you don't send a cover letter. Your cover letter or application letter is where you can expand upon things that you need to keep brief on your resume. It also needs to be tailored to the job for which you are applying.

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Need to an essay on the dragonfly know how to write a resume email? We've got you covered: How To Email Your Resume To Get More Replies From Employers Once you've sent your resume, it's a good idea to track it. You can install a free sales tool like Mixmax or YesWare to english help level help you. Knowing if recruiters have opened and best 2007 introduction read your email will enable you to coursework follow-up promptly or find different email addresses. Your resume is your passport to job interviews. And knowing how to make a resume for a job is the first step on any career path. So, take the cover letter admissions advisor time and energy to think about english help level how to write a resume well and how to tailor it to best american 2007 introduction the job description. If you can do that, you're well on your way to the next level - the interview. Bonus: Check out english coursework help level, our ultimate checklist of 56 things you need to dissertation into a book manuscript do before you send your resume. How many have you missed?

Download: “Resume 101 Checklist.” Are there any great resume writing tips we need to include in english level, the article? Do you have any questions about how to make a resume for your position? Add a comment. I’ll be happy to letter advisor answer. Natalie is a writer at english coursework, Uptowork. She loves writing about resumes and eating tacos more than life itself.

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An Analysis of #8220;The Klan#8217;s Fight for Americanism#8221; Essay. In 1926, Hiram Wesley Evans, then Imperial Wizard and Emperor of the Ku Klux Klan, published “The Klan’s Fight for Americanism”, a leaflet that set forth the principles and fundamentals of what many called the revival of the KKK in 1920’s America, a new version of the organization that was originally formed by coursework, Nathan Bedford Forrest after the Civil War in an effort to maintain the supremacy of the white man over the recently freed African-American slaves. The researcher will analyze and discuss Evans’ writing in this paper from the standpoint of his views and specific tenets to be found within “The Klan’s Fight for Americanism”. In addition, the researcher will present views as to whether or not Evans’ views agree with those of the researcher, and ultimately, a response to an essay, Evans’ view will be presented. Upon the conclusion of this paper, the reader will have a thorough understanding of Evans’ work as well as some possible alternative viewpoints on it. English Coursework? A Brief Overview of “The Klan’s Fight for Americanism” In order to fully understand the various elements of Evans’ writing, and to adequately interpret it, a brief overview of the work itself is in order. The previously mentioned revival of the KKK in deadlines the early 1920’s came in response to english coursework help level, what the group called the “infestation by aliens” of America in the years immediately following World War I. As a result of the KKK’s revival, by 1926, the uci thesis deadlines, organization had over 3 million members. The KKK increased its list of those whom it hated to include Jews, Catholics, Communists, and those who were members of the labor unions that were gaining popularity in America during that time. Hiram W.

Evans, upon assuming control of the KKK in 1926, wrote “The Klan’s Fight for Americanism” as a means to english coursework level, lay the groundwork for what would be a new expansion of the Ku Klux Klan in environment essay competition the 20th century. Americanism as Defined by Evans One of the key terms that Evans uses in english coursework help level his writing is the term Americanism, something that he claims is a hallmark of the KKK. The term Americanism in this context has its roots in patriotism, something that the KKK claims to have in abundance; however, the interpretation of patriotism that the KKK has varied greatly from letter admissions what one would usually find in the belief systems of someone like Abraham Lincoln, for example. Help Level? Patriotism, as the cornerstone of media environment essay competition, Americanism, in english this case has some far reaching implications. First, consider the long should admissions essay, KKK’s definition of the coursework help, American ideal within Americanism, which will first be presented by use of an actual quote from Evans’ work: “Americanism, to the Klansman, is a thing of the spirit, a purpose and a point of view, that can only come through instinctive racial understanding. It has, to be sure, certain defined principles, but he does not believe that many aliens understand those principles, even when they use our words in talking about them. . . .In short, the long admissions essay college, Klansman believes in the greatest possible diversity and individualism within the english coursework, limits of the American spirit. But he believes also that few aliens can understand that spirit, that fewer try to, and that there must be resistance, intolerance even, toward anything that threatens it, or the fundamental national unity based upon should admissions essay college It” (Evans, 1926) . What Americanism is, for the Klansman, is the concept of english help level, liberty and justice for all, as Americans recites in their Pledge of Allegiance, but “all” has its limits along racial, ethnic and religious boundaries. For the KKK, coming right from the pen of its leader at the time, the American Dream was available for those who qualified by being a certain race, nationality or religion, embodied in the KKK credo of advisor, “native, white, Protestant supremacy” (Evans, 1926). Using terms like “mongrelization” to describe the ethnic diversity that America was experiencing in large part due to coursework, the displacement of Europeans after World War I, Evans set up unlimited possibilities for a limited few, not much different from the slavery that America utilized prior to essays 2007, the Civil War. English Level? Another element of Evans philosophy was what he defined as “The American Race”. College? This race encompasses people who are white descendants from the ancient Nordic tribes of help level, Europe, Protestant in religion.

Evans makes a specific religious distinction, saying that “Rome shall not rule America”, meaning that the Roman Catholic Church, and more specifically the Pope, will not have any hold on what “The American Race” does in the United States (Evans, 1926). A Response to Evans’ View While Hiram W. Evans, as an American citizen, has the right to express his opinions and views, likewise it is appropriate for the researcher to turning a book manuscript, respond to english coursework help level, what Evans wrote and professed in “The Klan’s Fight for Americanism”. As a response, rather than embarking on a long tirade of random responses, his work will be discussed along the lines of carefully selected main points, which will give a better response to long should, the overall work. Those key points are as follows: • DIVERSITY IS THE BASIS OF AMERICAN GREATNESS- No one can debate that the many contributions made to America in terms of the coursework help, arts, sciences, humanities, education and more would not have been very significant were it not for those of many different ethnic backgrounds who came to America seeking a better life and ultimately made America a better place for others. If America were only open to an essay on the dragonfly, Evans’ “American Race”, the level, country likely would have been held back from its full potential. • JUDGEMENT BY CONTENT OF CHARACTER- Decades after Evans’ ruled the KKK, Martin Luther King Jr. professed that he dreamed of an America where people would be judged not by the color of skin, but my content of character. College? By limiting his view of Americans to be only those of the english help, white race, Evans excluded many fine individuals from inclusion in the American Dream. This exclusivity again would have compromised the ability of America to grow and thrive as it has. • ONE NATION UNDER GOD HAS MANY MEANINGS- The belief in God cannot, and should not be available only to those of the Protestant faith that Evans advocates in his teachings and writings. A nation built on many faiths can provide a strong moral foundation and indeed has in the case of America. Aside from whether an individual’s belief in God comes from the Protestant, Catholic, Jewish or any of a number of long admissions essay, other theologies, the teachings of respect for other people, peace, integrity and morality has helped to coursework help level, make America great. Agreement With Evans?

The researcher has clearly shown that there is definite disagreement with Evans and the content of your into a book manuscript, “The Klan’s Fight for Americanism”. Having the benefit of english help, viewing the publication in hindsight, it is clearly seen that the American landscape would be vastly different in the 21st century if Evans ruled the 20th. Closing Thoughts It was once said that those who do not learn from history are condemned to repeat it. In the on the, case of english coursework help level, Evans’ teachings and admissions essay college, writings, this is coursework level definitely true. Luckily, the hatred that he professed has not totally dominated the uci thesis deadlines, American culture, but does exist today. Therefore, it is important for every American to pay attention to the past to avoid pitfalls in the future. Evans, Hiram W. (1926). Coursework Help? The Klan#8217;s Fight for Americanism. North American Review, 223, 38-39. University/College: University of Chicago. Type of paper: Thesis/Dissertation Chapter.

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Free Information Technology essays. Software Defined Networking (SDN) is english help a gradually evolving approach to network design and functionality based on advisor, the capability to programmatically alter the behavior of network devices. It will make networks more flexible, dynamic, and coursework level, cost-efficient, while greatly simplifying operational intricacy. There are several use cases of SDN which would aptly deal with the emerging trends in the computing industry. Among them some of the real world use cases are considered in this paper. This paper’s main focus will be to define, review and understand SDN and its use cases. A use case is a system engineering term that describes how a user uses a system to accomplish a particular goal. Further, this paper examines how recent advances in software-defined networking (SDN) and network programmability can be used to simplify operations, enhance agility, and support the recent advances such as cloud computing, data centers, big data science. Specific attention will be given to the cloud computing use case. As an movie example of this use case ‘Andromeda’, the Software Defined Network underlying Google’s cloud is discussed.

The analysis of the use cases provide real-world examples as well as snippets of code, which developers can use as guides when customizing their own networks. English Coursework Help Level? In future when working on customizing the SDN for particular environments the results of the analysis of use cases can be used to directly suit the dissertation manuscript SDN for that environment globally. The emergence of Software Defined Networking (SDN) [14] has sparked significant interest in rethinking classical approaches to network architecture and coursework help, design. SDN [8] [17] is a concept that is to break with the traditional networks where the switch decides the actions to do. The SDN concept was introduced by Nick McKeown [9], a professor at Stanford University and is based on defining a model where all switches move the capacity of decision to cover admissions advisor, a central element, to a controller. The SDN concept is closely related to the following idea: the english help Network as a service. Turning? SDN [2] makes it possible to manage an intact network in software, by writing programs that alter network activities to coursework level, go well with specific applications and environments. SDN programmers deal with several complications related to two-tiered architecture, low level operations and uci thesis deadlines, event reordering.

An SDN ‘program’ has two distinct components: the controller to english level, program it and the packet processing rules installed on switches. These pieces have intricate dependencies that make reasoning difficult’e.g., installing or removing a rule can prevent the controller from receiving future network events. Uci Thesis? Hence, a programmer must reason about the behavior of the controller program, the rules on switches, and the interactions between the two via asynchronous messages. SDN platforms such as OpenFlow force programmers to use a low-level API to express high-level intentions, which makes reasoning about SDN unnecessarily hard. Recent revisions of english level, OpenFlow expose even more hardware details, such as multiple typed tables, port groups, and vendor-specific features, which makes the cover problem worse.

Hardware switches employ a number of techniques to maximize performance, including reordering controller messages. This makes the semantics of SDN programs highly non-deterministic, further complicating reasoning. For example, in the absence of barriers, a switch may process messages from the controller in any order. SDN technology allows network operators to specify network services, without coupling these specifications with network interfaces, which will simplify extending VLANs (network segments) beyond the building perimeter, increasing the chances of data remaining secure and quickly changing to network requirements [7]. SDN architecture is depicted in Figure 1. English Level? Control plane is physically decoupled from the best american essays 2007 introduction data forwarding plane and provides centralized control over the network. English Coursework? The controlling is long should college logic may be run by a server which decides where and how to forward packet and data plane resides on network switch which forward packets by flow tables(similar to routing table and english level, access control list(ACL))[12]. Figure1: Software Defined Network Architecture. The separation of the forwarding hardware from the control logic allows easier deployment of new protocols and applications, straightforward network visualization and management, and an essay movie dragonfly, consolidation of various middleboxes into software control. Instead of enforcing policies and running protocols on a convolution of scattered devices, the network is english coursework level reduced to ‘simple” forwarding hardware and the decision-making network controller(s). The forwarding hardware consists of (1) a flow table containing an american 2007 entry and an action to take on active flows; and (2) an abstraction layer that securely communicates with a controller about new entries that are not currently on the flow table.

Software Defined Networks (SDN) gives network designers freedom to refactor the network control plane [5]. SDN aims to reduce network reaction time to help, traffic changes by moving path allocation from individual devices to centralized controller software that lives on a workstation or server. An Essay Movie? The controller component communicates with each device in coursework level, the network, receiving updates on load and link status and long should essay college, then managing the traffic flows among the devices. When a data source begins communication with a destination across the coursework help network, the controller determines an optimal path through the network based on existing load and network status. Environment Competition? The controller then creates a flow defined by source and help, destination addresses and american essays introduction, communicates with each device along the path, informing them of the new flow and how to handle packets in english, the flow. 2. OVERVIEW OF USE CASES. A use case is a system engineering term that describes how a user uses a system to accomplish a particular goal. As software-defined networking (SDN) and Network Functions Virtualization (NFV) becomes more widely adopted, there have been a multitude of SDN #038; NFV use cases proposed to best american introduction, solve today emerging networking problems. Following are the most common SDN and NFV use cases as shown in help level, Table 1: Table1: Use Cases of SDN. Use Case Use Case.

Description Use Cases. Network Access Control Set appropriate privileges for users or devices accessing the networks, including access control limits. 1. Campus NAC. 2. Remote Office / Branch NAC. 4. Unified Communications Optimization. Network Virtualization Creates an abstracted virtual network on top of a physical network, allowing a large number of multi-tenant networks to run over a physical network. 1. Data Center Virtual Networks. 2. Campus / Branch Virtual Networks. 3. Data Center Micro Segmentation. 4. Letter? Network Functions as a Service. Dynamic Interconnects Creation of dynamic links between locations.

1. Dynamic Enterprise VPN. 2. Cross Domain Interconnect. 3. Multi-Layer Optimization. Virtual Core and help, Aggregation Virtualized core systems for service providers including support infrastructure 1. vEPC #038; vIMS. 3. Mobile Network Virtualization. Datacenter Optimization Using SDN and NFV, optimizing networks to improve application performance by detecting and taking into long should admissions essay college, account affinities. 1. Big Data Optimization.

For data centers, network virtualization for multi-tenants is an important use case as it offers better utilization of resources and faster turnaround times for coursework help level, creating a segregated network. The Virtual Network Overlay relies on a completely virtualized network infrastructure and services to abstract the underlying physical network, which allows the overlay to be mobile to other physical networks. This is an important requirement for cloud computing, where applications and associated network services are migrated to an essay dragonfly, cloud service providers and remote data centers on the fly as resource demands dictate. Coursework Help? Network virtualization is the letter admissions advisor ability to create an abstracted virtual network on coursework help level, top of a physical network, allowing a large number of multi-tenant networks to run over a physical network, spanning multiple racks in letter admissions, the datacenter or locations if necessary, including fine-grained controls and isolation as well as insertion of acceleration or security services. Network virtualization [10] provided by the software defined networks is the english coursework help key to an essay movie, the current and future success of cloud computing. The key reasons for coursework level, virtualization are: (1) Sharing: When a resource is too big for a single user, it is best to divide it into multiple virtual pieces, as is the case with today’s multi-core processors. Each processor can run multiple virtual machines (VMs), and long admissions, each machine can be used by coursework help level, a different user. The same applies to high-speed links and large-capacity disks. (2) Isolation: Multiple users sharing a resource may not trust each other, so it is important to provide isolation among users.

(3) Aggregation: If the resource is turning your a book too small, it is possible to construct a large virtual resource that behaves like a large resource. This is the case with storage, where a large number of coursework help, inexpensive unreliable disks can be used to make up large reliable storage. (4) Dynamics: Often resource requirements change fast due to user mobility, and a way to uci thesis, reallocate the resource quickly is english coursework help level required. (5) Ease of management: Virtual devices are easier to manage because they are software- based and expose a uniform interface through standard abstractions. SDN (software-defined networking) is a vital component of effective cloud computing for both the media essay provider and the customer. In fact, it should involve more than just the network — and extend to help level, all aspects of the infrastructure, from the data center environment to server processing resources. This expanded definition is uci thesis deadlines termed SDI (software-defined infrastructure). SDN can be used to program the switches to provide optimal flow paths during each stage of the Big Data analysis ‘ enabling better QoS between the servers than need it, or dedicating more cross-links between servers based on which stage of the analysis is in progress. Network Access Control (NAC) is the ability to set appropriate privileges for users or devices accessing the networks, including access control limits, incorporation of service chains as well as appropriate quality of coursework level, service. Generally follows the user/device as they connect from different parts of the network.

Andromeda is an SDN based substrate for Google’s network virtualization efforts. An Andromeda controller is the orchestration point for provisioning, configuring and managing virtual networks and in-network packet processing. It orchestrates across virtual machines, hypervisors, operating systems, network interface cards, top-of-rack switches, fabric switches, border routers and network peering edge. Dissertation Into Manuscript? Google’s high network performance comes from coursework, its ability to control every single component throughout the network stack. The Andromeda technology allows Google to offer developers “distributed-denial-of-service (DDoS) protection, transparent service load balancing, access control lists, and firewalls” along with bandwidth provisioning, virtual machine migration, and increased performance regarding network latency.

3. LITERATURE REVIEW. Thomas D. Nadeau et al. [20] described SDN as ‘an architectural approach that optimizes and advisor, simplifies network operations by more closely binding the interaction among applications and network services and devices, whether they are real or virtualized’. Mendonca et al. [11] stated that ‘Software’Defined Networking (SDN) has been proposed as a way to programmatically control networks, making it easier to deploy new applications and services, as well as tune network policy and performance. The key idea behind SDN is to decouple the data- from the control plane by: (1) removing control decisions from the english help level forwarding hardware, (2) allowing the forwarding hardware to be ‘programmable’ via an open interface, and (3) having a separate entity called ‘controller’ defined by essay, software the behavior of the coursework level network formed by the forwarding infrastructure, thereby creating a ‘software defined network’. Grandl et al. [15] proposed a system called Harmony that manages aspects of compute, storage, and networks for Software-Defined Clouds (SDCs). Baset et al. [16] discussed how the concepts that compose SDCs can be leveraged to achieve efficient fault recovering and enhanced understanding of what constitutes regular system operation’ a feature authors call ‘operational excellence’. American? The proposed architecture focuses on english coursework help level, high level features that enable operational excellence, and therefore it complements the features proposed by uci thesis, our architecture that enable the realization of the concept of SDCs. Recent research on system virtualization focused on optimizing the technology for cloud data centers, in order to improve its security [6], or providing scalable management systems for the VMs in the data center [4]. Network virtualization has been extensively studied to augment the standard network technologies stack, which is hard to english coursework level, modify. Chowdhury and Boutaba [13] present an extensive survey in the area.

Koponen et al. Media Environment? [18] presented a system enabling network virtualization in multi-tenant data centers such as cloud data centers. The technology is based on the concept of network hypervisor. Software-Defined Networking is a core emerging concept enabling SDCs. Help Level? In this field, Koponen et al. [19] proposed a system, called Onix, that operates as a control platform in large-scale data centers. Monsanto et al. [3] proposed an approach enabling composition of SDNs. This can be seen as an american essays introduction important step towards component-based SDNs and SDN elements, which in english help level, turn will enable reuse of infrastructures and easier description of networks by users (which will be able to use ‘network templates’ to describe their networking requirements). Regardless the specific approach for realization of virtual networking in a cloud data center (network hypervisors or SDNs), the problem of mapping computing and network elements to physical resources, as well as mapping virtual links into physical paths, needs to be addressed. A survey on this problem’Virtual Network Embedding (VNE)’has been proposed by Fisher at al. [1]. 4. OBJECTIVES OF THE STUDY. The main objective of the study was to have an in-depth knowledge of the overall concept of Software Defined Networks and the understanding of the use cases. However, the specific objectives of the study are:

1. To study Software Defined Networking (SDN) concepts and an essay movie dragonfly, techniques in detail. 2. To have an understanding of the english coursework help different SDN use cases. 3. To define a solution for one of the use case. 5. RESEARCH METHODOLOGY. Extensive analysis of books, research papers, blogs and any kind of information available on the internet was done.

Based on the analysis an understanding was developed on SDN and essay, its use cases. English Coursework Level? Using the concepts and techniques of SDN a solution has been defined for one of the on the dragonfly use case. For any of the real world environment SDN gives us the freedom to customize the network according to english coursework help level, the needs of that environment. This forms the basis of the different use cases of the turning your into a book manuscript SDN. To customize the network we need to first get the properties and settings for the particular application. For the system property, the settings involve for the CPU, memory, platform, serial number, versions etc.

For the interface property, the settings involve the management of port, slot, errors, configuration, link changes etc. For the discovery of the network involved the settings are to be made of the english coursework help topology graph, edges, nodes, and turning into, topology changes. Of all the english help level use cases of SDN an in-depth analysis has been done for your into a book manuscript, the campus networks. Today’s campus networks are facing major challenges. Mobile clients, video, and english coursework, the ever-growing number of connected devices and applications are rapidly changing the network landscape, no matter whether the campus is corporate or educational. These dramatic changes tax the ability of uci thesis, current solutions to deliver agility, performance, and seamless user experience. One of the primary reasons for these challenges is that network technology evolution is simply not keeping pace with evolving demands.

Software Defined Networking (SDN) can alleviate these challenges, offering flexibility and the ability to develop new capabilities quickly and cost-effectively. Today’s tech-dependent campuses require IT groups to support diverse sets of: ‘ Users: employees, customers, visitors, students, faculty, etc. ‘ Devices: Smart phones, tabs, laptops, desktops, cameras, IP phones, etc.”’which could be owned by english help, the users themselves rather than by the organization. ‘ Applications: business-critical and financial, collaboration, physical security, sensors, Internet, and casual gaming applications. Typical campus network architectures are structured into three layers’core, aggregation/distribution, and access’that connect diverse endpoints, as shown in Figure 2. Typically, Layer 2 is used for an essay movie, the access layer, and english, Layer 3 is used for turning your dissertation into, the core layer. Wireless is yet another layer and typically deployed as an overlay. This not only increases management costs and complexity (because wired and wireless networks are separate), it also precludes a seamless user experience (because the two networks provide different capabilities and feature sets). Figure2: Architecture of english, Typical Campus Network.

Because campus networks are by nature heterogeneous, they are often difficult to american essays 2007 introduction, manage, leading to excess costs along with scalability and reliability problems. Network configuration changes are subject to lengthy provisioning times and configuration errors because network devices must be configured individually, typically through the CLI or proprietary element management systems. An OpenFlow-based SDN network architecture simplifies the campus network while offering significantly greater flexibility. ‘ Rapid service deployment and tear down without impacting other logical networks, thanks to network virtualization. ‘ Improved service availability because alternate paths can be pre-computed, which also improves responsiveness compared with traditional network convergence upon topology changes.

‘ Traffic isolation of coursework help, logical networks at both Layer 2 and Layer 3. ‘ Optimal resource utilization, because management, services, and applications are virtualized to american essays introduction, maximize utilization while minimizing space and power consumption. OpenFlow-based SDN introduces the multi-layer flow paradigm, which provides a higher level of control. By virtualizing the campus network in slices, granular policies can be applied to individual and/or groups of flows at the centralized controller, decoupling policy from english coursework, hardware. Such policies are much simpler to enforce, especially for the increasingly mobile workforce. By slicing the network as shown Figure 3 for the multi-user environment we can make the network-as-a-service (NaaS). For each slice we have a separate controller which takes care of the user requirement in that particular slice.

Now, these controllers also need to communicate among themselves so over all the controllers we have a Hypervisor to coordinate the activities of these in the software defined network. Figure3: Solution for Campus Networks. Campus networks require logically partitioned networks, each with its own policy. Currently, solutions such as MPLS are used. Deploying and turning dissertation a book, managing these technologies is static, time-consuming, and very cumbersome. SDN/OpenFlow-enabled switches enable these logical networks to be created on coursework help level, demand in a matter of minutes instead of weeks.

These switches can also enforce flexible policies to control and limit interaction among the logical networks. Figure4: SDN in Campus Networks. Figure 4 depicts a typical university network where a single physical network is shared by your dissertation manuscript, many diverse entities in a single location. 7. CONCLUSION AND FUTURE SCOPE. OpenFlow-based SDN can overcome the english help level limitations with existing campus networks. Turning Dissertation Into A Book? Typically, a logical network is created by associating a physical port of english level, a switch or VLAN to media environment essay, a specific logical network ID, with its own routing protocol instance and english help level, forwarding table.

A port or a VLAN can belong to only one logical network and therefore cannot support multiple flows that terminate on different logical networks. With SDN, the controller can determine the logical network for every flow, and then tunnel the traffic to the end of the logical network. Uci Thesis? It becomes easier to define logical networks as needed, avoiding the need to help level, create a routing protocol instance in every router for each logical network. This approach is environment scalable and coursework help, much more flexible than VLAN/VRF approaches. In addition, SDN-based logical networks can easily be created, updated, and terminated based on dynamic requirements. By programming the traffic forwarding rules across the data forwarding devices, it becomes easy to reorder service execution and implement service chaining. In future using Floodlight controller for the different slices and 2007, the hypervisor the use case of coursework help, campus network will be implemented using the emulation and simulation tools for american essays introduction, SDN.

[1] A. Fischer, J. F. Botero, M. T. Coursework? Beck, H. de Meer, and X. Hesselbach, ‘Virtual network embedding: A survey,’ IEEE Communications Surveys #038; Tutorials, vol. 14, no. 4, pp. 1888’1906, Oct. 2013. [2] A. Guha, M. Letter Admissions Advisor? Reitblatt Nate Foster ‘ Formal Foundations For Software Defined Networks’. [3] C. Monsanto, J. Reich, N. Foster, J. Rexford, and D. Walker, ‘Composing software-defined networks,’ in english help, Proceedings of the 10th USENIX conference on Networked Systems Design and Implementation, 2013. [4] D. Nurmi, R. Should Essay College? Wolski, C. Grzegorczyk, G. Obertelli, S. Soman, L. Youseff, and D. Zagorodnov, ‘The Eucalyptus open-source cloud-computing system,’ in Proceedings of the 1st workshop on english, Cloud Computing and its Applications, 2008. [5] Dan Levin, Andreas Wundsam, Brandon Heller Logically Centralized? State Distribution Trade-offs in Software Defined Networks. [6] F. Zhang, J. Chen, H. Chen, and best american essays introduction, B. English Coursework Help Level? Zang, ‘CloudVisor: retrofitting protection of advisor, virtual machines in english help, multi-tenant cloud with nested virtualization,’ in Proceedings of the 23rd ACM Symposium on Operating Systems Principles, 2011.

[7] Gurbani, Vijay K., et al. “Abstracting network state in Software Defined Networks (SDN) for rendezvous services.” Communications (ICC), 2012 IEEE International Conference on. IEEE, 2012. [8] How the emergence of OpenFlow and Software-Defined Networking (SDN) will change the networking landscape. Brocade. 2012.

[10] Jain,R. Paul, S. On The? ‘Network virtualization and software defined networking for cloud computing: a survey’ IEEE 2013. [11] M. Mendonca, Bruno Astuto A. Nunesy, Katia Obraczka and Thierry Turlettiy in Software Defined Networking for Heterogeneous Networks University of California, Santa Cruz, USA. [12] Mehdi M. A. Salehi, R. K. Pisipati, K. S. Deepak, and R. Help? Buyya, ‘Preemptionaware energy management in virtualized datacenters,’ in Proceedings of the uci thesis 5th International Conference on Cloud Computing, 2012. [13] N. M. M. K. English Coursework Help? Chowdhury and environment competition, R. Boutaba, ‘A survey of network virtualization,’ Computer Networks, vol. 54, no. 5, pp.

862’876, Apr. 2010. [14] N. McKeown, T. Anderson, H. Balakrishnan, G. Parulkar, L. Help Level? Peterson, J. Rexford, S. Deadlines? Shenker, and J. Turner. OpenFlow: enabling innovation in campus networks. ACM Sigcomm CCR, 38(2), 2008. [15]R. Coursework Help? Grandl, Y. Chen, J. Khalid, S. Yang, A. Anand, T. Benson, and cover letter, A. Akella, ‘Harmony: Coordinating network, compute, and storage in software-defined clouds,’ in Proceedings of the 4th Annual Symposium on Cloud Computing, 2013. [16] S. A. English Help? Baset, L. Wang, B. C. Tak, C. Pham, and C. Tang, ‘Toward achieving operational excellence in a cloud,’ IBM Journal of best 2007, Research and Development, vol. 58, no.

2/3, Mar. 2014. [17] Software-defined Networking: The New Norm for Networks. Open Networking Foundation. April 13, 2012. [18] T. Koponen K. Amidon, P. Balland, M. Casado, A. Chanda,, ‘Network virtualization in multi-tenant datacenters,’ in Proceedings of the 11th USENIX Symposium on Networked Systems Design and english coursework level, Implementation, 2014.

[19] T. Koponen M. Casado, N. Gude, ‘Onix: A distributed control platform for large-scale production networks,’ in Proceedings of the 9th USENIX conference on Operating systems design and implementation, 2010. [20] Thomas D. Competition? Nadeau, Ken Gray, ‘SDN: Software Defined Networks’, O’Reily Publications. Search our thousands of essays: If this essay isn't quite what you're looking for, why not order your own custom Information Technology essay, dissertation or piece of coursework help, coursework that answers your exact question? There are UK writers just like me on hand, waiting to help you. Each of cover letter admissions, us is qualified to a high level in our area of expertise, and we can write you a fully researched, fully referenced complete original answer to your essay question. Just complete our simple order form and you could have your customised Information Technology work in your email box, in english coursework, as little as 3 hours. This Information Technology essay was submitted to uci thesis deadlines, us by level, a student in movie dragonfly, order to help you with your studies.

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controversy homework J. K. Rowling's best-selling Harry Potter children's book series topped the most frequently banned books last year. English Coursework Help! The books about sorcerers may head up the list again, for the second year in a row, if the shift in censorship cases continues to focus on your into a book manuscript, books about fantasy. This week, National Library Week, Education World examines the level issue of movie dragonfly book banning. Included: Resources for establishing procedures in english, your school system to handle challenges to popular books. Look out, Harry Potter!

Your mystical adventures aren't sitting well on bookshelves in some school libraries and an essay on the movie classrooms. In 1999, the focus on wizardry and magic in level, J. K. Rowling's best-selling children's books made them the most challenged books in 1999, according to the American Library Association (ALA). The Harry Potter series is keeping company with such frequently banned classics as John Steinbeck's Of Mice and Men and J. D. Salinger's The Catcher in the Rye. Last year, there were 26 challenges to turning your dissertation a book manuscript, remove the Harry Potter books from bookshelves in 16 states, said Beverley Becker, assistant director for the American Library Association's Office of Intellectual Freedom. Reasons for help, book banning have shifted over the past decade, said Mark West, a professor of English with a specialty in children's literature at the University of North Carolina at deadlines, Charlotte and author of Trust Your Children: Voices Against Censorship in Children's Literature. During the 1980s, most of the censorship cases were anything that pertained to english coursework help level, the body, sex, and swear words. [Now], although books like those written by Judy Blume are still under attack, what has taken over are fantasy stories, West said. Opponents of the Harry Potter series believe that anything that mentions a witch or a magic spell is equated with evil, West said. Letter! They don't see it as fantasy, he said. They see it as real. A small group of coursework help level Americans can't accept fantasy that way. They really do care [about the book's impact], so they go against others' legal rights.

CHRISTIAN WRITER SAYS POTTER CONFUSES KIDS. Berit Kjos, a Christian author of several books, including A Twist of Faith and Brave New Schools, doesn't see it that way. Although she is neutral about banning books in long should admissions essay college, schools, she points out that schools have permitted information about help other religions because of the prevalent multicultural emphasis. Times have changed, Kjos said, noting that children today are more vulnerable to fantasy stories such as Harry Potter because they may view the imaginary world as much more fun compared with the real world. There has been a paradigm shift from the social context that was the old biblical view, she said.

That shift makes it tougher for children, with less biblical knowledge today, to evaluate good and long admissions essay evil or to resist such threats to english help, their faith, Kjos maintained. She has responded to parental concerns about the Harry Potter series by american offering parents guidance on her Web site. Christianity clashes with a love for witchcraft, Kjos said. The biblical God doesn't fit into Potter's world of wizards, witches, and other gods. Coursework Level! The Harry Potter series teaches an Earth-centered spirituality, the same religion as what the cover admissions advisor witch religions teach in the San Francisco area, she said. It is a religion that is very real and is spreading throughout the country. It makes me very uncomfortable when [children] are immersed in topics that make witchcraft very exciting. It can be very confusing for coursework level, them.

Arch Priestess Tamara Forslun, of the Church of Wicca Australia, doesn't agree that books based on differing cultures and belief systems should be removed from dissertation into a book schools based on individual fears. For generations, we have had books based on fairies, witches, goblins, magic, all with differing views, she told Education World in coursework help level, response to the controversy regarding the Harry Potter series. We cannot remove something from this world because of fear and ignorance. These are children's books, and as long as they are not nasty, cruel, ridiculous in american 2007, any way or show witches as evil, obscene creatures, then there is no cause for mudslinging or legal retaliation. Although controversy about the coursework Harry Potter series has raised recent awareness about censorship cases in public schools, the total number of book challenges has dropped to its lowest level since the American Library Association began keeping track of them in best american essays introduction, 1991. English! In 1999 there were 472 challenges, compared with 762 in 1995, when the largest number of challenges were reported to the ALA. The ALA defines censorship as the suppression of ideas and information that certain persons -- individuals, groups, or government officials -- find objectionable or dangerous. It occurs when expressions -- such as books, magazines, films, videos, or works of art -- are removed or kept from advisor public access. West credits the decline in the number of challenged books to the fact that most schools provide parents with alternative options for assignments, respecting individual parental objections to certain materials. Most schools also have established a policy and procedure regarding book challenges.

His advice to school administrators, if they don't have a policy, is to develop one now, before the school district faces a censorship challenge. (See the coursework help level sidebar What You Can Do Before and After a Challenge.) Nowadays, with the opt-out possibilities, it is uci thesis very difficult to make a case that your child is being hurt, since they can read something else, West said. During the early part of the 1980s, he believes, parents who challenged school materials had fewer options available compared with the english coursework help opt-out choices they have today, such as home-schooling or providing alternative reading assignments. Parents then were sincerely motivated and operated under religious convictions they truly believed in and wanted their opinions accommodated in the public school situation for what was best for their own children, West said. If parents find a book they object to, they usually have an opt-out alternative, West said. If they persist in having that book removed from the uci thesis deadlines school, it seems to me there are more complex motivations at work. He believes with the alternatives available to parents, those waging a censorship battle cross the english help line from parent and move into the role of censor. DO TEACHERS AND LIBRARIANS SELF-CENSOR? Most teachers and librarians won't acknowledge [that they self-censor], so we don't know how deep or widespread [censoring] is, said Nat Hentoff, author of essay competition several First Amendment books, including The Day They Came to Arrest the Book and Living the Bill of Rights: How to Be an Authentic American.

Talking to coursework level, teachers and school librarians, they do self-censor, Hentoff added. They are aware of the list of books that are in trouble, and if they use those books, it gets them in trouble too. A lot of the time, they think, 'What is the use?' he said. Discussion about the admissions advisor Harry Potter series across the help country prompted school superintendent Gary L. Feenstra to direct teachers in Zeeland, Michigan, to stop using the book for read-a-loud purposes and for school librarians to remove it from library shelves in November 1999. He decided not to ban the book; however, he placed restrictions on its use and determined the school district would no longer purchase future Harry Potter books for the school libraries. Existing copies of the books would be made available for check out to students with parental permission. Feenstra stated in a letter to the school staff that he had reached his decision after reading the first Harry Potter book in cover letter admissions, the series, discussing the english level issues with educators, and reading critiques of uci thesis it from english all sides. Although the school district has a process regarding challenged books, Feenstra made his decision outside that process. According to media essay, Jim Camenga, communication specialist for the school district, Feenstra defends his decision, claiming the help level school district's procedure pertains only to media, curriculum materials, not to english coursework help, books used as resources.

Four months following Feenstra's directive, the Zeeland Board of Education voted to establish a committee to look into letter the matter. Coursework! The committee comprises parents and educators from media each school in the district not involved in the current debate and level is expected to render its recommendation about the book series by May 2000. Perhaps teachers are self-censored because they felt the chill [from the controversy], said Charles Suhor, a field representative for an essay on the movie, the www.ncte.org National Council of Teachers of English (NCTE). Suhor disagrees with Feenstra that he didn't ban the english help level Harry Potter books: It is outrageous that [Zeeland School administrators] claim [Feenstra's] directive is not censorship. Cover Letter! The corner of english help level censorship is when you take a book that is used out your into of the school or library.

Spells and english magic aren't the only concerns that are stirring up controversy about Harry Potter. Best American Introduction! Since the Columbine tragedy in April 1999, parental concern has increased about coursework violence in books and in other school materials, Suhor said. People all over the country started worrying about [Harry Potter books]. Some of those who want it banned claim it teaches violence. Teachers who use this [series] say it just doesn't compute, said Suhor. ALA'S LIST OF BANNED BOOKS CENSORED.

Censorship cases in the public schools aren't only about Harry Potter books. A current censorship case in a U.S. district court case in letter, Virginia pertains not to a particular book, but to a list of level books. For five years, 1997 Secondary Reading Teacher of the Year Jeffry Newton posted the American Library Association's Banned Books pamphlet outside his classroom door. According to court papers, he posted the pamphlet and other materials pertaining to related censorship controversies outside his classroom door to make students aware of censorship issues. What You Can Do. Before a Challenge. Establish a method for communicating with the community.

Keep the long admissions essay college community informed of the english selection policy as well as educational objectives, curricula, school programs. Best American Essays 2007 Introduction! Provide opportunities for public review and english coursework help level comment on materials being considered for selection. Define clear procedures for dealing with complaints. Establish guidelines to best american essays introduction, be used for a formal review of challenged material. Create a detailed form for complainants to request a review. Identify who will comprise a committee of parents, school personnel, and other community members to review challenged material. After a Challenge. Meet with the complainant to hear the reasons for the challenge and the complainant's recommendations. Explain to english level, the complainant how and why the challenged material was selected.

Try to resolve the best american introduction complaint informally. Provide a formal request-for-review form if the complainant still wants to challenge the english help level material. Start review procedures immediately upon american essays 2007 receiving a written request for review. Help! Inform the school board of the details of the complaint. Follow established procedures throughout the review process. Communicate openly with the should community throughout the review. Newton's principal at Spotswood High School in Rockingham County, Virginia, required Newton to help level, remove the pamphlets in September 1999. The principal was responding to a directive by the school board chairman, who was in admissions, turn responding to level, a complaint from 2007 introduction a parent. The parent asked Newton in an e-mail: Just curious why would you want a child to english help, read a book that contains objectionable material? Newton responded that the school had a policy and procedure that respected the rights of all parents to never require children to read books parents find objectionable.

None of the books listed in the pamphlet were books being used in his class. The American Civil Liberties Union took up Newton's cause and is co-council in his court case. It's very unusual, said Rebecca K. Goldberg, an attorney representing Newton. It's not any book that was removed. It was a list of books put together by the American Library Association to publicize the long should essay issue of censorship that was removed. Initiating a censorship case with no expectation of winning is a good tool to get publicity for english help, your cause, said West, the professor at the University of North Carolina in Charlotte. West believes many similar cases are used to provide a catalyst around the letter book-banning movement. Although the coursework help level ALA keeps track of the number of challenges, it has little information about organizations that mount campaigns to long should essay, ban books, said Judith Krug, the association's director of the Office for Intellectual Freedom.

Certainly such campaigns have occurred from time to time, but they are not limited to the right-of-center groups. Left-of-center groups have also conducted campaigns. What has remained constant is english coursework help level that for every challenge reported to us, there are four or five that were not reported. Videos are also subject to challenges. Essay! Movies could be a useful tool for teachers, regardless of the english help level motion picture industry ratings, added NCTE's Suhor. Media Environment Essay Competition! Movies like Schindler's List, although rated R by the motion picture industry, could teach children about relationships and society, he said. Suhor warns educators not to use the motion picture industry ratings, since those are not determined as a standard for education purposes. Using their rating system is an easy fix, he said. Although sexual content has taken a backseat to fantasy in censorship cases, educational materials that include alternative lifestyles also raise concerns with some parents. Currently, Concerned Women for America, a national women's organization, is alerting its members about an english coursework level educational family video series, That's a Family!

Rita Thompson, spokeswoman for the organization, said parents have contacted the organization out of sincere concern about the appropriateness of the video. In turn, the organization is alerting its members about the soon-to-be-released video series, which focuses on all types of families, including single-parent families, extended families, and an essay on the dragonfly those headed by gay and lesbian parents. That whole hysteria with two people [of the same sex] living together is enough to get a book banned is a primitive sort of politics, said West. It's cheap politics. West points to coursework level, Families, a children's book written by Meredith Tax, that was the subject of a censorship case in 1994. The Christian Coalition in Fairfax, Virginia, targeted the book because it glorified divorce and there was a lesbian couple in the book, he said. Tax briefly mentions at the end of her book that the main character, a little girl named Susie, lives not only with her mother but also with her godmother. The coalition interpreted that relationship as a lesbian relationship, West explained.

It seems to me if you get hyper, you could find a homosexual on every corner if you want to get that way. Book challenges come from all political directions. People characterized as politically liberal challenge books because they object to racial slurs or language that is politically incorrect, West said. Racial epitaphs in Mark Twain's The Adventures of your into a book manuscript Huckleberry Finn made it the fourth most frequently banned book during the last decade. Samuel Clemens was so against racism, he used words such as nigger to show how bigotry came out in language, said Nat Hentoff, whose children's book The Day They Came to coursework help, Arrest the deadlines Book is a fictional account of censoring The Adventures of level Huckleberry Finn. Hentoff believes Twain's book can be an excellent teaching tool about racism, depending on on the, how the teacher handles it in the classroom. In fact, Hentoff's Free Speech for english help level, Me, but Not for Thee is into a book manuscript used in english coursework, many schools as a resource to teach high school students about the First Amendment. Although the book is now out of print, Jim Campbell, a high school teacher at McDonough High School in an essay on the dragonfly, Charles County, Maryland, developed classroom activities for english coursework help, his elective law class for juniors and seniors based on should essay college, different topics in Hentoff's book. One topic is the 1984 Indianapolis anti-pornography ordinance. Campbell shares the key aspects of this law, with which most of his students find it difficult to disagree. Afterward, he tells them a story.

This story is pretty disturbing and pretty clearly violates the Indianapolis ordinance, he said. The book containing the story is the Bible. I then point out to them that I'm not saying that the Bible is pornographic, only that we have to be careful any time we set out to censor someone or something. Adapted from the National Coalition Against Censorship (NCAC). The NCAC information is based on english level, recommendations made by the Association of American Publishers, the American Library Association, International Reading Association, and the Association for Supervision and Curriculum Development. Banned Books On-Line This site has information about environment competition objects of english coursework censorship and censorship attempts. National Coalition Against Censorship This organization, founded in your into manuscript, 1974, is an alliance of more than 40 national nonprofit organizations, including literary, artistic, religious, educational, professional, labor, and civil liberties groups. Coursework Help! This site provides resources for schools about censorship cases in addition to information and guidance about how schools can handle censorship cases. Related Articles from Education World. Please check out our other articles this week: Article by Diane Weaver Dunne.

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